The Role of Leadership in Managing Multicultural Teams. Polish Managers’ Point of View: Preliminary Research

Agnieszka Knap-Stefaniuk

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/SPI.2020.3.002

Abstrakt


Today, in the globalized world of the 21st century, the issue of leadership is topical and particularly important, hence it is not surprising that it is extensively analyzed in numerous publications. The role and significance of leadership primarily result from the fact that it has a great impact on the achievements of teams and companies, relations between people, their motivation to work, their openness to changes and new challenges, and a vision of the future development of the company.

The theoretical part of the article first explains the concept of leadership and its significance, and next describes multiculturalism as a challenge for contemporary leadership in the context of managing intercultural teams. The empirical part presents the methodology of the study and the results obtained, which are followed by conclusions and recommendations.

The research described in the article (ten telephone interviews) was conducted with international companies among managers who work with culturally diverse teams. At this stage the research is preliminary, and the author intends to conduct an in-depth study among managers of multinational companies in Poland and Spain that will investigate the role of leadership in managing multicultural teams.

The main aim of the article is to demonstrate the importance of leadership in managing multicultural teams. Considering this aim, the following research question was formulated: How do Polish managers employed in multinational companies define leadership and how do they perceive the role of leadership in managing multicultural teams?


Słowa kluczowe


leadership; leader; multiculturalism; cultural diversity; multicultural teams

Pełny tekst:

PDF (English) PDF

Bibliografia


Arasaratnam L.A. (2013). “A Review of Arti¬cles on Multiculturalism in 35 years of IJIR,” International Journal of Intercultural Relations, vol. 37, pp. 676–685.

Amanchukwu R.N., Stanley G.J., Ololube N.P. (2015). “A Review of Leadership Theories, Principles and Styles and Their Relevance to Educational Management,” Management, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 6–14.

Babiak J. (2008). “Cechy przywódcze jako determinanty sukcesu organizacyjnego: odradzający się kierunek w badaniach przywództwa w organizacji,” Przegląd Psychologiczny, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 87–97.

Blanchard K., Muchnick M. (2013). Pigułka przywództwa. Brakujący element motywujący ludzi, Gliwice: Helion S.A.

Cabeza-Erikson I., Edwards K., Van Brabant T. (2008). Development of Leadership Capacities as a Strategic Factor for Sustainability, Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Höogskola.

Caganova D., Cambal M., Weidlichova Luptakova S. (2010). “Intercultural Management – Trend of Contemporary Globalized World,” Electronics and Electrical Engineering, no. 6(102), pp.51–54.

Cox T.H. (1993). Cultural Diversity in Organizations: Theory, Research and Practice, San Francisco (CA): Berrett Koehler Publishers.

Cox T.H., Blake S. (1991). “Managing Cultural Diversity: Implications for Organizational Competitiveness,” The Executive, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 47.

Đorđević B. (2016). “Impact of National Culture on International Human Resource Management,” Economic Themes, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 281–300.

Earley P., Ang S. (2003). Cultural Intelligence: Individual Interactions across Cultures, Palo Alto (CA): Stanford University Press.

Fang F., Schei V., Selart M. (2018). “Hype or Hope? A New Look at the Research on Cultural Intelligence,” International Journal of Intercultural Relations, vol. 66, pp. 148–171.

Fowers B.J., Richardson F C. (1996). “Why Is Multiculturalism Good?” American Psychologist, vol. 51, pp. 609–621.

Ganta V.C., Manukonda J.K. (2014). “Leadership During Change And Uncertainty In Organizations,” International Journal of Organizational Behaviour & Management Perspectives, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 1183.

Gay G. (1983). “Multicultural Education: Historical Developments and Future Prospects,” Phi Delta Kappan, vol. 64, pp. 560–563.

Hao M.J., Yazdanifard R. (2015). “How Effective Leadership can Facilitate Change in Organizations through Improvement and Innovation,” Global Journal of Management and Business Research: (A) Administration and Management, vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1–7.

House R.J., Aditya R.N. (1997). “The Social Scientific Study of Leadership: Quo Vadis?” Journal of Management, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 409–473.

Ireland R.D., Hitt M.A. (1999). “Achieving and Maintaining Strategic Competitiveness in the 21st Century: The Role of Strategic Leadership,” The Academy of Management Executive, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 43–57.

Jackson B., Parry K. (2008). A Very Short, Fairly Interesting and Reasonably Cheap Book About Studying Leadership, London: Sage.

Jankowska-Mihułowicz M. (2011). “Kształtowanie organizacji wielokulturowej – strategie Behawioralne,” Problemy Zarządzania, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 61–74.

Knap-Stefaniuk A., Burkiewicz Ł. (2018). “Contemporary Leadership in the Context of Multiculturalism – Challenges for Human Resource Management,” Scientia et Societas, vol. 14, no. 2, pp.113–122.

Lachowski S. (2013). Od wartości do działania. Przywództwo w czasach przełomowych, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Studio Emka.

Lovvorn Al. S., Chen Jiun-Shiu (2011). “Developing a Global Mindset: The Relationship between an International Assignment and Cultural Intelligence,” International Journal of Business and Social Science, vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 275–283.

Maxwell J.C. (2013). Bądź liderem, Warszawa: MT Business Ltd.

Marques J. (2013). Lider(ka) z krwi i kości. Świadome przywództwo, Sopot: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.

Morgan G. (1989). “Endangered Species: New Ideas,” Business Month, vol. 133, no. 4, pp. 75–77.

Naylor J. (1999). Introduction to Operational Management, 2nd ed., Upper Saddle River (NJ): Prentice Hall.

Northouse P.G. (2007). Leadership Theory and Practice, London: Sage.

Ochieng E.G., Price A.D. (2009). “Framework for Managing Multicultural Project Teams,” Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 527–543.

Owen J. (2012). Przywództwo. Biblia lidera, translated by M. Kowalczyk, Warszawa: Edgar.

Pink D. H. (2012). Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us, New York: Riverhead Books.

Rozkwitalska M. (2011). Bariery w zarządzaniu międzykulturowym. Perspektywa filii zagranicznych korporacji transnarodowych, Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer Business.

Rowe W.G. (2007). Cases in Leadership, London: Sage.

Ryszawy S. (2016). Wielokulturowość – szansa czy zagrożenie dla jednostki i społeczeństwa, Katowice: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego w Katowicach.

Simerson B.K., Venn M.L. (2010). Menadżer jako lider, Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer Business.

Tiwari N. (2013), “Managing Human Resources in International Organizations,” Global Journal of Management and Business Studies, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 355–360.

Tracy B., Kozak R. (2012). Wędrówki z Gandalfem. Przywództwo, Warszawa: MT Biznes Ltd.

Williams M. (2009). Mistrzowskie przywództwo, Kraków: Wolters Kluwer Business.

Williams M. (2013). Przywództwo w świcie biznesu. Teoria i praktyka dla menedżerów, vol. 2, Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer S.A.

Wilmanowicz E. (2012). “Przywództwo jako kluczowa rola Top Managementu we współczesnych organizacjach,” Studia i Prace Wydziału Nauk Ekonomicznych i Zarządzania, vol. 30, pp. 117–128.

Wolsko C., Park B., Judd C.M. (2006). “Considering the Tower of Babel: Corre¬lates of Assimilation and Multicultural¬ism among Ethnic Minority and Majority Groups in the United States,” Social Justice Research, vol. 19, pp. 277–306.

Zakrzewski B., Zakrzewska D., Brdulak J. (2014). “Przywództwo i jego rola w funkcjonowaniu przedsiębiorstwa logistycznego – ujęcie teoretyczne,” Logistyka, vol. 6, pp. 11617–11629.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


              

Czasopismo otrzymało dofinansowanie w ramach działalności upowszechniającej naukę DUN na lata 2019-2020 w ramach projektu: „Tłumaczenia i usługi edytorsko-wydawnicze i oraz poligraficzne kwartalnika Studia Paedagogica Ignatiana” – zadanie finansowane w ramach umowy nr 882/P-DUN/2019 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę

ISSN 2450-5358   e-ISSN 2450-5366

Partnerzy platformy czasopism