The Issue of General Education from the Historical Perspective

Gunter Scholtz



The development of the term encyclopaedia is the mirror of the historical growth of knowledge and change of education. In the ancient Greek period, the name of artistic and musical education encyclopaedia became the title of collections of all human knowledge and finally resulted in a crisis today. By the philosophy of Georg Simmel, we can understand the historical changes as growing separation and alienation between the cultural systems of society on the one hand, and the education of single persons of the other. In the thinking of Wilhelm von Humboldt, Friedrich Schleiermacher, and also Georg Simmel, we find important advices to enable real education also in the scientific civilisation and to overcome the situation in which knowledge and sciences became strange for the life of single human beings.


culture; encyclopaedia; fine art; general education; growth of knowledge; humanity; philosophy; sciences

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