Paedagogia Christiana <p><strong>Paedagogia Christiana </strong>(ISSN: 1505-6872; ISSN (online): 2451-1951) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published in an open access form, devoted to the issues of Christian pedagogy. It has been published in Torun (Poland), at the Nicolaus Copernicus University, since 1997 – as a semi-annual journal. Its aim is to promote philosophical and theological reflection on and the results of empirical research relating to Christian education and its role in supporting individual and social development. The journal publishes the results of research on experiences of the Christian upbringing, both in terms of the historical aspects and of the contemporary practice of churches, schools and religious movements and associations. Articles may be accepted which do not directly deal with the issue of Christian education, but instead talk about its humanistic and personalistic foundations. These would include issues related to what is broadly understood to be a religious education, as well as those concerned with the moral and social upbringing of children generally; all must be presented in terms of contemporary socio-cultural conditions. The journal is under the patronage of the Committee of Pedagogical Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences.</p><p><strong>W celu uzyskania informacji w języku polskim należy zmienić język w panelu po prawej stronie.</strong></p> en-US (Jarosław Horowski) (Grzegorz Kopcewicz) Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 60 Od redakcji Dr hab. prof. UMK Jarosław Horowski Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Krystyna Heland-Kurzak. Dziecięca kreacja obrazu Boga i religijności. Perspektywa pedagogiczna. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Akademii Pedagogiki Specjalnej, 2021, ss. 199 Dariusz Stępkowski Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Gardeners and Demiurges. About Two Types of Relationship with the World <p>The article analyses two basic types of relations between humans and the world. The attitudes of a gardener and a demiurge are compared. Historical examples of horticultural and demiurgical relations are shown, with particular emphasis on the perspective of the philosophy of politics and education. Selected implications of the presented types of relations between humans and the world are analysed.</p> Jan Rutowski Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Educational Aspects of Church Legislation in Poland (Late Middle Ages–Early Modern Times). Outline of the Problem <p>The 13<sup>th</sup> century saw a significant improvement in the functioning of the parish education system in Poland, with a number of monastic schools, cathedral and collegiate schools. However, the real impulse for the transformation of education in the Polish lands came with the establishment of universities in Prague and Cracow. The 14<sup>th</sup>–16<sup>th</sup> centuries saw further transformations in the organisational structure of schools, which were partly due to external influences (Hussite wars, migration of students and professors, effects of colonisation under German law), and partly to deliberate legal measures taken by the Church and secular factors. The aim of the article is to analyse the content of various normative acts, from conciliar canons, through provincial and diocesan synodal statutes, to acts of cathedral and collegiate chapters, which changed the school reality in the lands of the Piast and Jagiellonian monarchies.</p> prof. UAM dr hab. Krzysztof Ratajczak Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 About Heritage, Guarantors, Envoys. Theologically Incorrect Reflections <p>The article is a collection of reflections on the essence of conveying social heritage and the importance of its understanding for pedagogical reflection. The inspiration for these considerations comes from references to fragments of the texts of the Bible appropriate in the author’s search. It is not a hermeneutical study, much less grounded in theological studies. It is a collection of semi-personal, methodologically entitled attempts at an individual reading in the contexts of upbringing and contemporary social life.</p> Piotr Petryowski Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Going Back to the Sources. About the Educational Discourse from the First ‘Textbook for Pedagogy’ Based on Selected Books of the Old Testament <p>Being aware of the importance of cultural heritage for the development of the human species, this reconstruction of the biblical discourse, which sees it as an educational practice that systematically shapes attitudes, is an activity aimed at extracting universal principles of humanity. And it is not just about something that some would like to close as an axiom in the space of religious education. Because it is not about moving only within such a space referring directly to the concept of <em>imitatio Dei</em> here, but about the analysis of everyday practices and universal principles into which this everyday life fits. On the contrary, I would like to say that my actions will aim at achieving some kind of distance from religion.</p> <p>As part of this scientific reflection, which becomes a walk in the humanities, which has been my participation for many years, I get to know the human being in the context of the decisions made and the effects that they generate. Thus, it seems that the cause-and-effect pattern is inscribed in the nature of being human, and any attempt to ignore this principle reveals a direct reluctance to think or outright ignorance. In these few pages, I reach the determinants behind the decisions made, to finally reconstruct the attitude of the Educator himself, useful in the contemporary theory of education.</p> <p>Although the linguistic category of ‘discourse’ has become very fashionable in the statements of scientists, there may still be an unconscious mistake in using this word permanently. This error is a kind of personification of this conceptual category ascribing human characteristics to abstract concepts. Perhaps many authors unknowingly make a mistake here, which casts a shadow over the entire scientific argument and, at the same time, on the logic of the presented theories. For example, when we read the following text: ‘discourses … took up timeless social, cultural or religious problems’. After all, it was not the discourses that took up the problems, but people using such a linguistic scheme described the phenomena of communication that were interesting to them.</p> <p>My approach to discourse theory results from the belief that there is no possibility of reaching the educational reality in itself, the reality is produced in time understood as a scalar quantity that determines the sequence of events as well as the intervals between occurring events. Secondly, that in the educational social relations analyzed in this text, we can include the categories of educating authority as the main source of shaping the community described in the pages of the Bible, and especially in the pages of the Old Testament. Thirdly, it seems that in the history of history, biblical history can be talked about its discursive understanding. Such an approach, which is characteristic of building the structures of understanding phenomena using a language, leads to the situation of constructing an educational dialogue, the effect of which is the exchange of information in order to shape specific attitudes. The continuity of the educational discourse understood in this way leads to the creation of a framework in which inviolable traditions and their characteristic shape turn out to be a guarantee of a successful future for happy people.</p> Sławomir Futyma Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 A Spiritual Portrait of Korczak. The Coy Way of Outline Based on Ghetto Diary <p>Janusz Korczak’s <em>Ghetto Diary</em> is a record of the last three months of his life. This is a hybrid and patchwork piece consisting of excerpts from descriptions of life in the ghetto, ideological sketches, childhood memories and projections of the Old Doctor’s current inner life. In the article, <em>Ghetto Diary</em> was treated as a canvas based on which attempts are made to recreate the outline of the author’s spiritual life. Its text constitutes a peculiar axis in the orbit of which the attempt of reconstruction of the spiritual portrait of the Pedagogue was taken. Hermeneutic penetration into various areas and levels of&nbsp;the&nbsp;source text are to be used to carry out this research process.</p> Zbigniew Rudnicki Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Non-Theological Arguments for Religious Education in Public Schools in Poland <p>The presence of religion classes at school in the debate on the education system rises to the rank of one of the most frequently discussed topics. In Polish postmodern society there are more and more voices that treat religion as a purely private matter. In the ecclesiastical dimension, it is also favored by the phenomenon of pluralism and individualization of religiosity, as well as its gradual deinstitutionalization. In the cultural and social context outlined in this way, the presence of religious education in a school that is neutral in terms of beliefs is not obvious. For this reason, the aim of this article is to deepen the existing arguments for religious education in public schools in Poland and to search for new arguments of a non-theological nature, understandable to non-believers and the religiously indifferent.</p> Mariusz Chrostowski Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 The Vocation of a Woman: between Ethos and Existence. Erotic Self-Education <p>The reflection on the vocation of women through the prism of contemporary changes seems to require a new perspective. If love, bearing and raising children are the basic dimensions of woman’s life tasks, this idea cannot be communicated as an absolute duty but as a possible choice. The idea of surrendering a woman to a man through love should be replaced in the dimension of social discourse by perceiving love as a possible choice. Today, subjected love cannot express the nature of the relationship between a woman and a man. The quality of the relationship between a woman and a man depends on the development of one’s ‘ethical eroticism’ and erotic self-education. Upbringing and self-upbringing under Christian inspiration cannot fail to be based on the development of cognitive and volitional powers, in which proper education and training allow for the appropriate approach to vocation and love.</p> Grzegorz Grzybek Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Reconstruction of the Role of a Family Member by Prisoners Involved in Hospice Volunteering <p>Man as a social being needs other people to be able to function and fulfill himself in various social roles. The family is the primary environment, allowing its members for development and satisfying needs. The aim of the article is to present how convicts engaged in hospice volunteering reconstruct their role as a family member. In the following parts, the issues concerning the importance of the family in the lives of persons deprived of liberty, the founding of the hospice volunteering program and the most important results of the conducted own research will be presented. The analysis show that the family is a key value for the inmates, and volunteers take actions aimed at changing their own image in the eyes of their loved ones.</p> Renata Deka Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 09 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100