Appraisal of Disability – Conceptualizations and Measurement Attempts
Keywordsappraisal of disability, disability-related stress, measuring appraisal of disability, physical disability
The aim of this paper is to present previous methods of defining and appraising disability, and to point to the complex nature of this phenomenon. Conceptualizations of disability appraisals were analysed in view of the most popular theoretical approaches used to account for adjustment to living with an acquired physical disability. Structural and functional aspects of appraisal disability were presented in relationship with coping and adaptation outcomes, identified among people with mobility impairments. Research tools used in measuring appraisals of disability were demonstrated, together with their limitations. ADAPSS developed by R. E. Dean and P. Kennedy and adapted into Polish conditions, the most adequate tool for measuring disability-related appraisal used among individuals with mobility impairments, was characterised in greater detail. The contents of the paper point to the complex and ambiguous understanding of appraisal disability and its different measuring methods. The Polish version of Appraisal of DisAbility Primary and Secondary Scale (ADAPSS) has satisfactory psychometric indicators, which makes it a useful disability appraisal tool to be used among individuals with SCI.
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