The Templars on Cyprus and their Relations with the other Branches of the Latin Church, 1200–1307

Nicholas Coureas

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/OM.2019.003

Abstract


In this paper the relations of the Templars with the other branches of the Latin Church of Cyprus, founded in 1196 on the island during the pontificate of Pope Celestine III will be examined and discussed. These relations can be subdivided as follows. Firstly, the Templars acted as arbitrators, along with the Hospitallers and other clergy nominated by the pope, in disputes between the crown and nobles on one hand and the secular Latin Church on the other. Secondly, the Templars had relations with the secular Latin clergy of Cyprus. Thirdly, they had relations with the regular Latin clergy, including the other Military Orders. Finally, some of the testimony submitted by witnesses at the Trial of the Templars on Cyprus in 1310 sheds light on relations between the Templars, other regular clergy and the secular Latin clergy in the years before 1307 when the Templars were arrested. The sources used in preparing this paper are mostly published papal correspondence relating to Cyprus and the published account of the Trial of the Templars on Cyprus. Secondary works have also been used for comparisons with other parts of Europe.

Keywords


history; the Middle Ages; Templars; Hospitallers; Teutonic Knights; papacy; Cyprus; Latin Church

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References


Primary sources:

Bullarium Cyprium: Papal Letters concerning Cyprus 1196–1314. Vol. 1. Edited by Christopher Schabel. Nicosia: Cyprus Research Centre, 2010.

Bullarium Cyprium: Papal Letters concerning Cyprus 1196–1314. Vol. 2. Edited by Christopher Schabel. Nicosia: Cyprus Research Centre, 2010.

Cartulaire général de l’Ordre des Hospitalliers de Saint-Jean de Jérusalem. Vol. 2. Edited by Joseph Delaville Le Roulx. Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1897.

The Cartulary of the Cathedral of the Holy Wisdom of Nicosia. Edited by Nicholas Coureas and Christopher Schabel. Nicosia: Cyprus Research Centre, 1997.

The Rule of the Templars. Translated by Judith M. Upton-Ward. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1997.

The Trial of the Templars in Cyprus, A Complete English Edition. Edited by Anne-GilmourBryson. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill, 2008.

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ISSN (print) 0867-2008
ISSN (online) 2391-7512

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