The Templars at the Roman Curia in the thirteenth century: a network?

Karl Borchardt

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/OM.2015.002

Abstract


Based primarily on select papal registers of the thirteenth century, it is possible to collect some evidence about Templars at the papal curia. There were permanent representatives and ad hoc envoys of the Templar order in the Holy Land. There were also Templars who conducted administrative or financial business on behalf of the popes. They informed the pope about events in the Holy Land and were helpful in collecting monies and alms for the defence of the Levant against the Muslims. In this respect the Templars were similar to the Hospitallers and the other military-religious orders. But one should be careful not to assume one single network of Templar brothers at the papal curia. On the contrary, many Templars came to the papal curia in order to serve their local rulers, their own families and friends. Broadly speaking the extant documents concern five issues: licences to transfer adherence from one religious order to another, appointments to serve as prelates, justice or mercy against punishments imposed by Templar officers, graces for relatives, and finally commissions from rulers and others outside the Templar order. So each Templar belonged to a great variety of either more occasional or more permanent networks. The study of such networks is difficult because of the lack of information in the fairly standardized charters of the time. Nevertheless, it is the only chance for historians to try and understand thirteenth-century processes of decision-making behind the more formal structures of both the papal curia and the Templar order.


Keywords


Templars; papal curia; papal registers; European kings; 13th century; charters

Full Text:

PDF (Deutsch)

References


Guiraud, Jean, edit. Les registres de Grégoire X. Paris: Ernest Thorin, 1892.

Guiraud, Jean; Cadier, Léon, edit. Les registres de Grégoire X (1272–1276) et de Jean XXI (1276–1277). Paris: E. De Boccard, 1960.

Olivier-Martin, Félix, edit. Les registres de Martin IV. Paris: Albert Fontemoing, 1901-1935.

Prou, Maurice, edit. Les registres de Honorius IV. Paris: Ernest Thorin, 1886-1888.

Grandjean, Charles, edit. Le registre de Benoît XI. Paris: Ernest Thorin, 1905.

Pressutti, Pietro, edit. Regesta Honorii papae III. Vols. 1-2. Rom: Typographia Vaticana, 1888-1895.

Langlois, Ernest, edit. Les registres de Nicolas IV. Vols. 1-2. Paris: Ernest Thorin, 1886-1891.

Berger, Élie, edit. Les registres d’Innocent IV. Vols. 1-3. Paris: Ernest Thorin, 1884-1921.

Auvray, Lucien, edit. Les registres de Grégoire IX. Vols. 1-4. Paris: Ernest Thorin, 1896-1955.

Bartoloni, Franco. “Per un censimento dei documenti pontifici da Innocenzo III a Martino V.” In Scritti, edited by Franco Bartoloni, Vittorio De Donato, Alessandro Pratesi, 391-424. Spoleto: Centro italiano di studi sull'alto medioevo, 1995.

Borchardt, Karl. “The Hospitallers, Bohemia, and the Empire, 1250–1330.” In Mendicants, Military Orders, and Regionalism in Medieval Europe, edited by Jürgen Sarnowsky, 201-231. Aldershot: Routledge, 1999.

Bresc, Henri; Rovinski, Jacques. “Les miracles du bienheureux Gerland de Caltagirone (1327).” Razo. Cahiers du Centre des études médiévales de Nice 4 (1984): 25-37.

Burgtorf, Jochen. The Central Convent of Hospitallers and Templars. History, Organization, and Personnel (1099/1120–1310). Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Die Grenzen des Netzwerks, edited by Kerstin Hitzbleck, Klara Hübner, Ostfildern: Thorbecke, 2014.

Fischer, Andreas. “Zur ursprünglichen Gestalt und frühen Verwendung der Briefsammlung Berards von Neapel.” In Kuriale Briefkultur im späteren Mittelalter. Gestaltung – Überlieferung – Rezeption, edited by Tanja Broser, Andreas Fischer, Matthias Thumser, 201-222. Köln: Böhlau-Verlag, 2015.

Frohmann, Jakob. “Emmy Heller (1886–1956) und die Überlieferung der Briefsammlung des Thomas von Capua.” In Kuriale Briefkultur im späteren Mittelalter. Gestaltung – Überlieferung – Rezeption, edited by Tanja Broser, Andreas Fischer, Matthias Thumser, 153-178. Köln: Böhlau-Verlag, 2015.

Gramsch, Robert. Das Reich als Netzwerk der Fürsten: Politische Strukturen unter dem Doppelkönigtum Friedrichs II. und Heinrichs (VII.) 1225–1235. Ostfildern: Thorbecke, 2013.

Herde, Peter. “Authentische Urkunde oder Stilübung? Papsturkunden in der Briefsammlung des Richard von Pofi.” In Kuriale Briefkultur im späteren Mittelalter. Gestaltung – Überlieferung – Rezeption, edited by Tanja Broser, Andreas Fischer, Matthias Thumser, 179-200. Köln: Böhlau, 2015.

Herrschaft, Netzwerke, Brüder des Deutschen Ordens in Mittelalter und Neuzeit, edited by Klaus Militzer, Weimar: Universitätsverlag Bauhaus, 2012.

Jullien, Eva. “Netzwerkanalyse in der Mediävistik. Probleme und Perspektiven im Umgang mit mittelalterlichen Quellen.” Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte 100 (2013): 135-153.

Martinez Diez, Gonzalo. Los Templarios en la Corona de Castilla. Burgos: La Olmeda, 1995.

Metcalf, David M. “The Templars as Bankers and Monetary Transfers between West and East in the Twelfth Century.” In Coinage in the Latin East. The Fourth Symposium on Coinage and Monetary History, edited by Peter Edbury, David M. Metcalf, 1-17. Oxford: B.A.R. international series, 1980; 2nd edition: Oxford: B.A.R. international series, 1995. = In The Eastern Mediterranean Frontier of Latin Christendom, ed. Jace Stuckey, 253-269. Farnham: Routledge, 2014.

Poeck, Dietrich W. Die Herren der Hanse: Delegierte und Netzwerke. Frankfurt/Main: Lang, 2010.

Sailler, Gerhard. “Papsturkunden in Portugal von 1198 bis 1304. Ein Beitrag zum Censimento.” In Das begrenzte Papsttum. Spielräume päpstlichen Handelns, edited by Klaus Herbers, Frank Engel, Fernando López Alsina, 83-104. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2013.

Toomaspoeg, Kristjan. “The Templars and their Trial in Sicily.” In The Debate on the Trial of Templars: 1307–1314, edited by Jochen Burgtorf, Paul Crawford, Helen Nicholson, 273-284. Farnham: Routledge, 2010.








ISSN (print) 0867-2008
ISSN (online) 2391-7512

Partnerzy platformy czasopism