Agency and Communion in the Situation of Activation of the Gender Stereotype
KeywordsAgentic orientation, communal orientation, unmitigated agency, unmitigated communion, gender stereotypes
AbstractAgency and communion are two basic dimensions of social perception. The aim of the two conducted studies was to determine whether activation of the gender autostereotype or heterostereotype affect the perception of each other in the above mentioned dimensions. The research was conducted in a quantitative strategy. The intensity of agency and communality was measured using Kwestionariusz Samoopisu 30 and Kwestionariusz Opinii o Sobie 22 (Wojciszke, 2010). The stereotype of gender was activated by the lists of jobs stereotypically considered as feminine, masculine or neutral. 60 people, 30 women and 30 men who are studying humanities or science took part in the experiment. The research showed that the field of studies and stereotype activation does not have a significant effect on the perception of the dimension of community, but it can affect the perception in the dimension of agency. The students of science scored higher on the unmitigated agency scale. The gender of subjects in the examination turned out to be significant. The women were perceived in the dimension of community, and the men of agency.
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