Pedagogical dimension of transgressive psychology

Wojciech Cichosz

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/PCh.2008.021

Abstract


For the modern culture, commonly described by the name of postmodernism, the difference (fr. difference) has become one of the key terms. Repectively, for transgressive psychology, one of the key terms is the boundary (gr. peras) One of the first scientists to achieve this was the 20th century French philosopher – Michel Foucault. Quoting the words of the creator of transgressive psychology, it may be said that transgression is on the one hand crossing the existing boundaries: material, social and symbolic ones, of an individual or a community, and on the other hand it is going out of the traditional methods present on the psychological platform. It is possible to differentiate here between expansive and creative transgressions, individual and collective ones, constructive and destructive ones. Whenever any consideration on the subject of the activity of the man is undertaken, it always leads to the statement that his creation is the result of constant self-transcendation. Thus this continual process of self-transcendation becomes the life driving force. It is possible to look at the man and his activity in many different ways. For Józef Kozielecki (1936– ), it has become the basis and the fundamental premises in the creation of transgressive psychology. Better knowledge of the human nature, of the emotions and moods, memory and work, the system of motivation and achievements allows us to understand the postulate of transgressive psychology about self-transcendation of boundaries and self-promotion.

 

Nonetheless, psychotransgressionism appears as a compact and interesting conception of the man, which can be used in a variety of contexts. Hence its popularity is growing. At times it seems to abolish existing stereotypes and to create interesting models and psychological – pedagogical conceptions. It postulates that it is the activity that is the source of aims, and not the aims that are the source of activity. If transgressions are irreversible, then the man is condemned to constant drama: from comedy to tragedy he condemns himself to self-realisation (transgression), or to failure (degression). So this never ending transgression is a certain kind of game which can be won or lost, and its result depends on the one who deals the given game. What will the enlightened man of the 21st century encounter?


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