Objectivity and human bioenhancement. The paradox of the natural
Keywordstranshumanism, enhancement, genetic manipulation, well-being, quality of life, human nature
For transhumanism, humanity is a stage which, guided by biological evolution, was preceded by other earlier stages and which will be followed by others that are newer. According to transhumanism, we must break the inertia of blind causes that govern evolution and, through biotechnology, attain what is called a “better life”. Those authors who are supportive of this current of thought develop their proposals by negating the existence of a human nature, but without abandoning the conviction that it will be possible to define what a “better life” consists in. In this article we will analyze the clarity and rigor with which transhumanists present the ultimate goal of their proposal, the relation between the end and the means proposed for attaining it, and, finally, we will bring to light certain inconsistencies that result from their rejection of the position that human nature could have a normative value.
Agar, N., Liberal Eugenics: In Defense of Human Enhancement, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, 2004
Bostrom, N., “Human Genetic Enhancements: A Transhumanist Perspective”, Journal of Value Inquiry, 3 (4) 2003, pp. 493-506.
Bostrom, N., Roache, R. “Ethical issues in Human Enhancement” in Ryberg, J., Petersen T., Wolf C., (eds). New Waves in Applied Ethics, Pelgrave Macmillan, 2008, pp. 120-152.
Buchanan, A., Brock, D., Daniels, N., Wilker, D., From Chance to Choice, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000.
Buchanan, A., “Enhancement and the Ethics of Development”, Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (1), 2008, pp. 1-34.
De Melo-Martin, I., “On our obligation t Select the best Children: A Replay to Savulescu”, Bioethics 18, 2005, pp. 72-83.
Echarte, LE., “Neurocosmética, transhumanismo y materialismo eliminativo”, Cuadernos de Bioética 23, 2012, pp. 37-51.
Feinberg, J., “The child’s right to an open future”, en Aiken, W., LaFollette, H. (eds.) Whose Child? Parental Rights, Parental Authority and State Power, Totowa, NJ, Rowman and Littlefield. 1980, pp. 124-153.
Fukuyama, F., Our Posthuman Future. Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution, Picador, New York, 2002.
Güell, F. (2014) "The Post-Humanist Embryo: Genetic manipulation and The Principle of Procreative Beneficence", Cuadernos de bioética, XXV 2014/3ª, 427-443.
Guyatt, Gh., Feeny Dh., Patrick Dl. “Measuring health-related quality of life”, Annals of internal Medicine, 1993; 118(8), pp. 622-629.
Habermas, J., The Future of Human Nature, Polity Press, Cambridge, 2001.
Harris, J., On Cloning, Routledge, London, 2004
Hauskeller, M., “Reinventing Cockaigne: Utopian Themes in Transhumanist Thought”, Hastings Center Report 42 (2), 2012, pp. 39-47.
Hollingworth, L., Children above 180 IQ (Stanford-Binet): origin and development, Yonkers-on-Hudson, World Book, New York, 1942.
HUMANITYPLUS. ORG [Home page] Connecticut: Humanity plus. Aviable in https://humanityplus.org/about/ [consultado 2019, febrero 19]
HUMANITYPLUS. ORG [Home page] Connecticut: Humanity plus. Aviable in https://humanityplus.org/about/mission/ [consultado 2019, Marzo 29].
Jaegger, W., Paideia: Los ideales de la cultura griega, Fondo de Cultura Económica, México, 1995.
More, M. (1990). Transhumanism: Towards a futurist philosophy. Extropy, 6(6), 11.
Murillo, J.I., “Health as a norm and principle of intelligibility”, en García, A. N., Silar, M., Torralba, J. M., Natural Law: Historical, Systematic and Juridical Approaches, Cambridge Scholar Publishing, Newcastle 2008, pp. 361-378.
Naughton, M.J., Shumaker, S.A., Anderson R.T., Czajkowski, S.M. “Psychological Aspects of Health-Related Quality of Life Measurement: Tests and Scales” en Spilker, B.(ed.) Quality of Life and Pharmaco economics in Clinical Trials. Lippincott-Raven, New York, 1996.
Postigo, E., Transumanesimo e postumano: principi teorici e implicazioni bioetiche, Medicina e Morale 2009/2, pp. 267-282.
Savulescu, J. “The moral obligation to create children with the best Chance of the best life”, Bioethics 23 (5), 2009, pp. 274-290.
Savulescu, J. Y Devolder, K., “Therapeutic Cloning is Moral” en Haugen, D., Musser, S. Y Lovelace, K. (eds.) In Issue: The Ethics of Cloning. Greenhaven Press, 2009, pp. 57-72.
Savulescu, J., ¿Decisiones peligrosas? Una bioética desafiante. Tecnos, Madrid, 2012.
Savulescu, J., “Genetic interventions and the ethics of enhancement of human beings” en Steinbock, B. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook on Bioethics. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 516-535.
Savulescu, J., Procreative Beneficence: Why We Should Select de Best Children, Bioethics 15, 2001, pp. 413-426.
Searle, J., The Construction of Social Reality, The Free Press, New York, 1995.
Velázquez Fernández, H. “Transhumanismo, libertad e identidad humana”, Thémata. Revista de Filosofía 41, 2009 pp. 577-590.
How to Cite
CC BY ND 4.0. The Creator/Contributor is the Licensor, who grants the Licensee a non-exclusive license to use the Work on the fields indicated in the License Agreement.
- The Licensor grants the Licensee a non-exclusive license to use the Work/related rights item specified in § 1 within the following fields: a) recording of Work/related rights item; b) reproduction (multiplication) of Work/related rights item in print and digital technology (e-book, audiobook); c) placing the copies of the multiplied Work/related rights item on the market; d) entering the Work/related rights item to computer memory; e) distribution of the work in electronic version in the open access form on the basis of Creative Commons license (CC BY-ND 3.0) via the digital platform of the Nicolaus Copernicus University Press and file repository of the Nicolaus Copernicus University.
- Usage of the recorded Work by the Licensee within the above fields is not restricted by time, numbers or territory.
- The Licensor grants the license for the Work/related rights item to the Licensee free of charge and for an unspecified period of time.
FULL TEXT License Agreement
Number of views and downloads: 417
Number of citations: 0