https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/issue/feed Scientia et Fides 2022-12-07T01:47:28+01:00 Piotr Roszak piotrroszak@umk.pl Open Journal Systems <p align="left">“Scientia et Fides” (SetF) is an open access online journal published twice a year. It is promoted by the Faculty of Theology of Nicolaus Copernicus University, in Torun, in collaboration with the Group of Research “Science, Reason, and Faith” (CRYF), at University of Navarra.</p><p align="left">SetF aims to present rigorous research works regarding different aspects of the relationship between science and religion. For this reason, SetF articles are not confined to the methodology of a single discipline and may cover a wide range of topics, provided that the interdisciplinary dialogue between science and religion is tackled. The Journal accepts articles written in English, Spanish, Polish, French, Italian and German, which will be evaluated by a peer-review process.</p><p align="left"><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="pl" data-phrase-index="0"><span><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="pl" data-phrase-index="0"><span>"Scientia et Fides" is<strong> clasified as Q1 in Philosophy and Q1 in Religious Studies according to Scimago</strong>.</span></span></span> </span></span></span></p><p align="left"><span id="result_box" lang="en"><span class="hps">"Scientia</span> <span class="hps">et</span> <span class="hps">Fides"</span> <span class="hps">journal</span> <span class="hps">is</span> <span class="hps">listed</span> <span class="hps">in the following</span> <span class="hps">databases</span>:</span> </p><p align="left">- <a title="CiteFactor" href="https://www.citefactor.org/impact-factor/impact-factor-of-journal-Scientia-et-Fides.php" target="_blank">CiteFactor</a> (<strong>Impact factor 0,82</strong>), <br />- <a href="https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/revista?codigo=22848" target="_blank">Dialnet</a>,<br />- <a href="https://doaj.org/toc/2353-5636?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22filtered%22%3A%7B%22filter%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22term%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%222353-5636%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22term%22%3A%7B%22_type%22%3A%22article%22%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22query%22%3A%7B%22match_all%22%3A%7B%7D%7D%7D%7D%2C%22from%22%3A0%2C%22size%22%3A100%7D" target="_blank">Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)</a>,<br />- <a title="Clarivate" href="https://jcr-1clarivate-1com-1pa7m29d710bf.han3.uci.umk.pl/jcr-jp/journal-profile?Init=Yes&amp;journal=SCI%20FIDES&amp;year=2020&amp;fromPage=%2Fjcr%2Fbrowse-journals&amp;SrcApp=IC2LS" target="_blank">Emerging Sources Citation Index</a>,<br />- <a href="http://www.erevistas.csic.es/" target="_blank">e-Revist@s: Plataforma open access de revistas científicas eletrónicas españolas y latinoaméricanas</a>,<br />- <a href="https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info.action?id=485016" target="_blank">Erih Plus</a>,<br />- <a href="https://scholar.google.pl/scholar?hl=pl&amp;as_sdt=0%2C5&amp;q=Scientia+et+Fides&amp;btnG=" target="_blank">Google Scholar</a>, <br />- <a title="Index Copernicus International" href="https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/form?search=Scientia%20et%20Fides" target="_blank">Index Copernicus International</a> (ICV 2019: <span class="pull-right"><strong class="ng-binding">121.02</strong></span>), <br />- <a href="http://miar.ub.edu/issn/2300-7648" target="_blank">Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals (MIAR)</a>,<br />- <a title="Ranking of REDIB" href="https://redib.org/recursos/Ranking/Revistas" target="_blank">REDIB</a>,<br />- <a href="https://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=21100456774&amp;tip=sid&amp;clean=0">Scimago Journal &amp; Country Rank (SJR)</a>,<br />- <a href="https://www.scopus.com/sourceid/21100456774" target="_blank">Scopus</a>, <br />- <a href="https://www.atla.com/about/pressroom/Pages/Announcing-Additions-to-ATLA-Products---November-2015.aspx" target="_blank">The American Theological Library Association (ATLA)</a><br /><a title="The Philosopher's Index" href="https://philindex.org/" target="_blank">- The Philosopher's Index</a></p><p align="left"> </p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:AllowPNG/> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> 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mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:107%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} </style> <![endif]--> https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/41210 Humility, Courage, Magnanimity: a Thomistic Account 2022-12-07T01:25:30+01:00 Eleonore Stump eleonore.stump@slu.edu <p>In these brief remarks, I sketch Aquinas’s account of humility, courage, and magnanimity. The nature of humility for Aquinas emerges nicely from his account of pride, and it also illuminates Aquinas’s view of magnanimity. For Aquinas, pride is the worst of the vices, and it comes in four kinds. The opposite of all these kinds of pride in a person is his disposition to accept that the excellences he has are all gifts from a good God and are all meant to be given back by being shared with others. Aquinas believes that all the virtues come together as a set. Consequently, a person who has humility also has courage. Aquinas takes the deepest kind of courage as a gift of the Holy Spirit. On his view, taken as a gift, courage manifests itself in a disposition to act on the settled conviction that one will be united to God in heaven when one dies. It is not easy to see how magnanimity could be a virtue if humility is. The solution is to see that for Aquinas the honor for the Christian virtue of magnanimity is not honor from human beings but honor from God. A person can have the virtue of humility and still strive for the greatest honors, as Aquinas sees it. The conclusion of Aquinas’s account of humility, courage, and magnanimity is this: it is morally obligatory to go for glory, because glory is a matter of being honored by God as faithful.</p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Eleonore Stump https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/38770 The Role of Curiosity in Successful Collaboration 2022-06-16T18:57:35+02:00 Lani Watson lani.watson@philosophy.ox.ac.uk <p>In this paper, I focus on the role of curiosity as a key motivating factor in successful collaboration for interdisciplinary research. I argue that curiosity is an important, perhaps essential component of successful collaboration for interdisciplinary teams. I begin by defining curiosity and highlighting the significance of the characteristic motivation of the virtue for successful collaboration. I argue that curiosity initiates, maintains, and coordinates successful collaborative interdisciplinary research. Moreover, if curiosity is a foundational intellectual virtue, then it is not only important but essential for successful collaboration. I then draw attention to a specific type of curiosity, namely inquisitiveness, and argue that the defining feature of inquisitiveness – good questioning – renders it a particularly valuable form of curiosity for collaborative projects, including (although not limited to) interdisciplinary research. I conclude by deriving some practical recommendations for successful collaboration in interdisciplinary research.</p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Lani Watson https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/37568 The Value of Open-Mindedness and Intellectual Humility for Interdisciplinary Research 2022-03-01T14:59:25+01:00 Nancy Snow nsnow@ou.edu <p>Academic research is increasingly centering on interdisciplinary work. Strong interdisciplinary research (SIR), involving researchers from very different fields, such as scientists and humanists, is often encouraged, if not required, by funding agencies. I argue that two intellectual virtues, open-mindedness and intellectual humility, are crucial for overcoming obstacles to SIR and achieving success. In part I, I provide a primer on intellectual virtue and the two virtues in question. In part II, I distinguish SIR from weak interdisciplinary research (WIR), which involves research teams from neighboring fields, such as physics and chemistry, and from disciplinary research (DR), which involves researchers from the same discipline. I also outline what counts as success in SIR, and explain why it’s more challenging to attain than in WIR and DR. In part III, I explain how both intellectual virtues are essential for achieving success in SIR and for overcoming obstacles that can arise in its pursuit.</p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nancy Snow https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/38648 Limitations-Owning and the Interpersonal Dimensions of Intellectual Humility 2022-06-04T21:51:04+02:00 Jason Baehr jason.baehr@lmu.edu <p style="font-weight: 400;">According to one prominent account of intellectual humility, it consists primarily of a disposition to “own” one’s intellectual limitations. This account has been criticized for neglecting the <em>interpersonal </em>dimensions of intellectual humility. We expect intellectually humble persons to be respectful and generous with their interlocutors and to avoid being haughty or domineering. I defend the limitations-owning account against this objection. I do so in two ways: first, by arguing that some of the interpersonal qualities associated with intellectual humility are qualities expressive of virtues <em>other</em> than intellectual humility; and second, by arguing that, when properly described, the kind of limitations-owning characteristic of intellectual humility in fact is robustly interpersonal. The result is a considerably broader and richer notion of the limitations the owning of which is characteristic of intellectual humility. </p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jason https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/39635 Intellectual Honesty 2022-08-29T23:11:05+02:00 Christian B. Miller millerc@wfu.edu <p>Until recently, almost nothing had been written about the moral virtue of honesty in the past 50 years of Western analytic philosophy. Slowly, this is beginning to change. But moral honesty is not the only kind of honesty there is. In this paper, I focus specifically on the intellectual cousin to moral honesty, and offer a preliminary account of its behavioral and motivational dimensions. The account will be centered on not intentionally distorting the facts as the person takes them to be, for one of a variety of intellectually virtuous motivating reasons.</p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Christian Miller https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/38769 Intellectual Creativity, the Arts, and the University 2022-06-16T11:22:02+02:00 Rebecca Strauch rstrauch23@my.whitworth.edu Nathan L. King nking@whitworth.edu <p>As virtues of intellectual character are commonly discussed, they aim at <em>propositional </em>intellectual goods. But some creative works—especially those in music and the visual arts—are not primarily intended to gain, keep, or share propositional goods such as truth, knowledge, and understanding. They aim at something else. Thus, to conceive of intellectual creativity in a way that accords with standard discussions of intellectual virtue is to exclude paradigmatic works of the creative intellect. There is a kind of puzzle here: it appears that we cannot maintain both the commonly-discussed notion of intellectual virtue and the claim that, say, Beethoven’s Ninth, or Monet’s Water Lilies, are central cases of intellectually virtuous creativity. We provide a two-part solution to the puzzle. First, we suggest that some works of music and visual art can convey propositional goods. Second, we appeal to the notion of <em>acquaintance </em>as an epistemic good that is conveyed through creative artistic and musical to an extent not conveyed in standard prose works. In this respect, intellectual creativity is the virtue that breaks the propositional mold of much contemporary virtue epistemology.</p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nathan King, Rebecca Strauch https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/38434 From Charitable Inference to Active Credence 2022-06-03T18:42:51+02:00 Paul L. Harris paul_harris@gse.harvard.edu <p style="font-weight: 400;">Young children routinely display a naturalistic understanding of the world. When asked for explanations, they rarely invoke supernatural or religious explanations even when confronted by puzzling or unexpected phenomena. Nevertheless, depending on the surrounding culture, children are eventually prone to accept God as a creator, to believe in the power of prayer and to expect there to be an afterlife. A plausible interpretation of this dual stance is that children adopt two different cognitive routes to understanding: one grounded in empirical observation and in trusted testimony about the observable world. Based on this route, children gradually build up a common-sense understanding of various natural domains, including the physical, the biological and the psychological. The second route is grounded in children’s early emerging ability to engage in shared pretense. As members of a religious community, children will routinely observe community members engage in activities, such as prayer, which cannot be readily understood in terms of their standard, common-sense framework. Nevertheless, children can charitably interpret prayer as special form of communication, directed at an imagined interlocutor. Cumulative exposure to such belief-based activities is likely to encourage children to transition from charitable interpreters of religious activities to participant believers. &nbsp;</p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Paul Harris https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/38581 Knowledge and Personal Existence 2022-06-08T22:40:31+02:00 Juan Pablo Martínez Martínez juanpablo.martinez@hapax.ac Juliana Peiró juliana.peiro@hapax.ac Diego Ignacio Rosales diego.rosales@hapax.ac Alberto Ignacio Vargas alberto.vargas@hapax.ac <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The aim of this paper is to show that every form of knowledge, even scientific knowledge, is linked with the personal existence that effectuates it. We offer a map of the different schools of Interdisciplinarity attending to an anthropological criterion. To this end, a map of the various schools of interdisciplinarity is offered according to an anthropological criterion, where the persistence of a partial and reductive approach to human knowledge in various modalities is generally detected. The consequence of this way of understanding knowledge is firstly the fragmentation of reality, but also of social life and above all of human existence itself. Thus, the need for a theory of interdiscipline is discovered, that not only transcends the epistemological approach, but also that of action and its ontological dimension. We propose that this expansion is achieved through a radical interdiscipline anchored in personal existence.</span></p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Juan Pablo Martínez Martínez, Alberto Ignacio Vargas, Juliana Peiró, Diego Ignacio Rosales https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/39809 Empersonal Research Practices 2022-09-06T10:18:18+02:00 Katherine Sweet katherine.e.sweet@gmail.com <p>Collaborative research is quite common in contemporary society; indeed, it may be thought that scientists cannot live without it. Yet, it seems difficult to engage in good interdisciplinary collaboration when research methods and background assumptions often differ widely. I suggest in this paper that a disposition to inquire into another person is essential to good collaborative research. I first explain what I mean by “empersonal inquisitiveness” and why it is important in interdisciplinary collaboration. Inquiring into a person serves as an important precursor to engaging in interdisciplinary collaboration, because it allows researchers to form shared frameworks and develop a shared plan for the research project. I then discuss social-cognitive mechanisms and their ability to generate knowledge of other persons. In the final section of the paper, I explain how social cognition can allow persons to engage in truly collaborative projects, in particular by way of shared mental models and shared reasoning. The result is that empersonal inquisitiveness, when employed by potential research partners, produces important empersonal knowledge that advances collaborative research.</p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Katherine Sweet https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/39202 Interpersonal Intellectual Virtues 2022-07-24T21:42:31+02:00 Claudia E. Vanney cvanney@austral.edu.ar J. Ignacio Aguinalde Sáenz iaguinalde@austral.edu.ar <p style="font-weight: 400;">Due to the hyperspecialization so prevalent nowadays, interdisciplinary research is a demanding kind of epistemic activity. The concept of intellectual virtue as presented by responsibilist approaches of virtue epistemology could offer an effective counterweight to this challenge but raises the question of what epistemic virtues are necessary for interdisciplinarity.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Based on a qualitative study, we identify and heuristically conceptualize a relevant subset of epistemic virtues required by interdisciplinarity that we call <em>interpersonal intellectual virtues. </em>These virtues are personal character traits that facilitate the reciprocal acquisition and distribution of knowledge <em>with</em> and <em>through</em> other people. By their very nature, they are only exercised in an interpersonal relationship that seeks an epistemic good, so in some sense, they are at the intersection of social virtues and intellectual virtues.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">We use Jason Baehr’s four-dimensional proposal for the essential components of intellectual virtues (motivational, affective, skill, and judgment) to show that these interpersonal traits are indeed epistemic virtues. Some examples of interpersonal intellectual virtues are intellectual empathy, intellectual respect, and intellectual trust, among others. Intellectual empathy is a paradigmatic case that we analyze in more detail.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Finally, we suggest that interpersonal intellectual virtues are the key character traits of people involved in any successful collective epistemic endeavor, interdisciplinary research being a privileged context in which we can clearly see their manifestation.</p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Claudia Vanney, J. Ignacio Aguinalde Sáenz https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/41211 Guidelines for Authors 2022-12-07T01:47:28+01:00 - - mirbucz@umk.pl <p>Instrukcja wydawnicza dla Autorów.</p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 - - https://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/41209 The Intellectual Character of Interdisciplinary Researchers 2022-12-07T00:54:36+01:00 Claudia E. Vanney cvanney@austral.edu.ar J. Ignacio Aguinalde Sáenz iaguinalde@austral.edu.ar <p>The study and understanding of fundamental questions cannot be addressed by a single discipline. A plurality of insights needs to be integrated or coordinated to allow for mutual enrichment in interdisciplinary research. The intellectual character describes the set of dispositions that both configure and motivate intellectual behavior. In this paper, we explore the intellectual virtues that constitute the ideal character of an interdisciplinary researcher. We look at dimensions of several intellectual virtues – intellectual curiosity, open-mindedness, intellectual humility, and intellectual honest – relevant to interdisciplinarity, we discuss the significance of other character traits – intellectual creativity and intellectual trust – for integrating a plurality of insights, and we argue for the need of a social cognition approach, emphasizing the relevance of interpersonal intellectual virtues in interdisciplinary inquiry. All these virtues are key constituents of the intellectual character of interdisciplinary researchers.</p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Claudia E. Vanney, J. Ignacio Aguinalde Sá enz