Influence of vegan diet on physical performance of athletes
Keywordsvegan diet, sport, bodybuilding, nutrition
Vegetarian and vegan diets are becoming more and more popular. Vegetarianism is a diet that eliminates all kinds of meat from the diet, including poultry, fish and seafood. Vegans give up on eating not only meat, but also other products of animal origin, the production of which is associated with the exploitation of animals, such as: dairy products (including eggs) and honey. It is not only a diet, but above all a lifestyle that includes many aspects such as not using cosmetics or buying clothes made of animal raw materials, not participating in entertainment in which animals are used. A vegan diet should be properly balanced, because people using it are more likely to be deficient in vitamin B12, iron, and calcium. The effect of a vegan diet on the growth of muscle mass in athletes, including bodybuilders, has also been observed. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of a vegan diet on the results achieved in body sports and to compare this information with non-vegan diets. The work is illustrative. The article is based on a review of the current literature available in the PubMed database, information and research from the Internet and documentary programs.
Rogerson D. Vegan diets: practical advice for athletes and exercisers. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2017 Sep 13
Appleby PN, Key TJ. The long-term health of vegetarians and vegans. Proc Nutr Soc. 2016;75:287–293
Appleby, P. N., Key, T. J., Thorogood, M., Burr, M. L. and Mann, J. (2002). Mortality in British vegetarians. Public Health Nutr. 5:29–36.
Fraser G, Katuli S, Anousheh R, et al. (2015) Vegetarian diets and cardiovascular risk factors in black members of the Adventist Health Study-2. Public Health Nutr 18, 537–545
Larpin C,Wozniak H, Genton L, Serratrice J. Vegetarian and vegan diets and their impact on health. Rev Med 2019 Oct 16; 15(667):1849-1853
Dinu M,Abbate R,Gensini GF,Casini A, Sofi F. Vegetarian, vegan diets and multiple health outcomes: A systematic review with meta-analysis of observational studies.Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2016 57: 3640-3649
Key TJ, Appleby PN, Rosell MS.Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets.Proc Nutr Soc. 2006 Feb;65(1):35-41.
Haddad, E. H., Berk, L. S., Kettering, J. D., Hubbard, R. W., & Peters, W. R. (1999). Dietary intake and biochemical, hematologic, and immune status of vegans compared with nonvegetarians. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 70(3), 586s-593s.
Vanacore D, Messina G, Lama S, Bitti G, Ambrosio P, Tenore G, Messina A, Monda V, Zappavigna S, Boccellino M, Novellino E, Monda M, Stiuso P. Effect of restriction vegan diet's on muscle mass, oxidative status, and myocytes differentiation: A pilot study J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec;233(12):9345-9353.
Gilsing AM, Crowe FL, Lloyd-Wright Z, Sanders TA, Appleby PN, Allen NE, Key TJ. Serum concentrations of vitamin B12 and folate in British male omnivores, vegetarians and vegans: results from a cross-sectional analysis of the EPIC-Oxford cohort study.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010 Sep;64(9):933-9.
Merchant RE, Phillips TW, Udani J. Nutritional Supplementation with Chlorella pyrenoidosa Lowers Serum Methylmalonic Acid in Vegans and Vegetarians with a Suspected Vitamin B₁₂ Deficiency . J Med Food. 2015 Dec;18(12):1357-62
Craig WJ. Health effects of vegan diets. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89(5):1627S–1633S.
Schüpbach R, Wegmüller R, Berguerand C, Bui M, Herter-Aeberli I. Micronutrient status and intake in omnivores, vegetarians and vegans in Switzerland Eur J Nutr. 2017 Feb;56(1):283-293.
https://dietetycy.org.pl/dieta-weganska-porady-dla-sportowcow-osob-cwiczacych/ (Dostęp: 2020.07.21)
Fuhrman J, Ferreri DM. Fueling the vegetarian (vegan) athlete. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2010;9(4):233–241
Brown DD. Nutritional Considerations for the Vegetarian and Vegan Dancer. J Dance Med Sci 2018 Mar 15;22(1):44-53.
Craddock J, Probst Y, Peoples GE. Vegetarian and Omnivorous Nutrition – Comparing Physical Performance. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2015.
Lynch HM,Wharton CM, Johnston CS. Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Peak Torque Differences between Vegetarian and Omnivore Endurance Athletes: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients. 2016 Nov; 8(11): 726.
How to Cite
The periodical offers access to content in the Open Access system under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0
Number of views and downloads: 2928
Number of citations: 0