Faith and science dialogue in the Shroud of Turin

Josep Fernandez-Capo



The science of the Shroud of Turin –or sindonology–began with the photograph of this religious relic by Secondo Pia in 1898. In a cultural context where the thesis of the constant conflict between religion and science is still alive, sindonology stands out as a paradigm of the constructive dialogue between faith and science. Independent from the issue of the authenticity of the relic, here is the reflection of such dialogue displaying the mutual services that faith and science render one another. Sindonology also stands out for being a paradigm of interdisciplinary study, which demands the overcoming of knowledge fragmentation.


Shroud of Turin; Sindonology; Science; Faith; Interdisciplinarity

Full Text:



Adler, A. 1986. “The origin and nature of blood on the Turin Shroud.” In Turin Shroud — Image of Christ? Proceedings of a Symposium, March 3-9: 57-59. Hong Kong: William Meacham, ed. Accessed January 16, 2015.

A’Hearn, J. 2011. “What Is the Importance of Science to Faith?” Accessed January 16, 2015.

Amalraj, J. 2010. “Evidence of ‘Resurrection of Jesus’ in the Shroud of Turin.” Accessed January 16, 2015.

Baima Bollone, P. L., M. Jorio, and A. L. Massaro. 1983. ‘‘Identification of the group of the traces of human blood on the Shroud.’’ Shroud Spectrum International 6: 3–6.

Barbet, P. 1953. A Doctor at Calvary: The Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ As Described by a Surgeon. Editor: P.J. Kenedy.

Boi, M. 2012. “The Ethno-Cultural Significance of the Use of Plants in Ancient Funerary Rituals and its Possible Implications in the Case of Pollen of the Shroud,” From the 1st International Congress on the Holy Shroud in Spain, Valencia, April 28-30. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Bongert, Y. 1994. “The Hungarian Pray Manuscript.” CIELT Revue 55-56: 3-4.

Brito G., A. 2004. “Mel Gibson y La Pasión de Cristo.” Linteum 36: 11-15.

Brown, M. 2008. “Good Religion Needs Good Science.” The Church of England website. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Bucklin, R. 1982. “The Shroud of Turin: Viewpoint of a Forensic Pathologist.” Shroud Spectrum International 5: 3-10.

Comellas, J. L. 2000. El último Cambio de Siglo: Gloria y Crisis de Occidente, 1870-1914. Barcelona: Ariel.

Comellas, J. L. 2007. Historia Sencilla de la Ciencia. Madrid: Rialp.

Corsini, M. 2004. Historia de la Sábana Santa. Madrid: Rialp.

Crispino, D. 1981. “Why did Geoffroy de Charny change his mind?” Shroud Spectrum International 1: 28-34.

Crispino, D. 1988. “The Official Announcement of the Radiocarbon Dating.” Shroud Spectrum International 28/29: 16-17.

Damon, P. E., D.J. Donahue, B.H. Gore, A.L. Hatheway, A.J.T. Jull, T.W. Linick, P.J. Sercel, L.J. Toolin, C.R. Bronk, E.T. Hall, R.E.M. Hedges, R. Housley, I.A. Law, C. Perry, G. Bonani, S. Trumbore, W. Woelfli, J.C. Ambers, S.G.E. Bowman, M.N. Leese, and M. Tite. 1989. “Radiocarbon Dating of the Shroud of Turin.” Nature 337: 6208: 611–615.

Dawson, C. 2007. Los orígenes de Europa. Madrid: Rialp.

Delage, Y. 1902. “Le Linceul de Turin” Revue Scientifique 22: 683-687.

D'Muhala, T. 1996. “Where do we go from here?” Accessed January 16, 2015.

Dreisbach, A. R. 1995. “Liturgical clues to the Shroud's history.” Accessed January 16, 2015.

Dreisbach, A. R. 2006. “The ecumenical implications of the Shroud of Turin,” The Atlanta International Center for the Continuing Study of the Shroud of Turin, Inc., From the 1st International Shroud Conferences in Terracina and Perugia, Italy, May. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Einstein, A. 1941. “Science, Philosophy, and Religion.” A Symposium published by the Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion in Their Relation to the Democratic Way of Life, Inc., New York.

Fanti, G., B. Schwortz, A. Accetta, J.A. Botella, B.J. Buenaobra, M. Carreira, F. Cheng, F. Crosilla, R. Dinegar, H. Felzmann, B. Haroldsen, P. Iacazio, F. Lattarulo, G. Novelli, J. Marino, A. Malantrucco, P. Maloney, D. Porter, B. Pozzetto, R. Schneider, N. Svensson, T. Wally, A.D. Whanger, and F. Zugibe. 2005. “Evidences for Testing Hypotheses about the Body Image Formation of the Turin Shroud.” 3rd International Dallas Conference on the Shroud of Turin, Dallas, Texas, September. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Fazio, M. 2006. Historia de las ideas contemporáneas. Una lectura del proceso de secularización. Madrid: Rialp.

Fossati, L. 1984. “Copies of the Holy Shroud: Part I.” Shroud Spectrum International 12: 7-23.

Fossati, L. 1987. “Science, Logic, Faith, and the Shroud.” Shroud Spectrum International 22: 11-14.

Francis, pope. 2013a. Evangelii Gaudium. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Francis, pope. 2013b. Lumen Fidei. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Frei, M. 1979. “Il passato della Sindone alla luce della palinologia.” In: La Sindone e la Scienza, Atti del II Congresso Internazionale di Sindonologia, Torino 1978. Torino: Edizioni Paoline: 191-200.

Frei, M. 1983. “Identificazione e classificazione dei nuovi pollini della Sindone.” In: La Sindone, Scienza e Fede, Atti del II Convegno Nazionale di Sindonologia, Bologna 1981. Bologna: CLUEB: 277-284.

Grazia, M. 1998. La Sábana Santa. El misterio de una impronta de hace dos mil años. Madrid: Promoción Popular Cristiana.

Habermas, G. R. 1999. “Historical Epistemology, Jesus’ Resurrection, and the Shroud of Turin,” Richmond Conference, Shroud of Turin International Research Conference, Richmond, Virginia, June 18-20. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Heller, J. 1983. Report on the Shroud of Turin. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

Jackson, J. P. 1990. “Is the Image on the Shroud Due to a Process Heretofore Unknown to Modern Science?” Shroud Spectrum International 34: 3-29.

Jackson, J.P., E.J. Jumper, and W.R. Ercoline, 1984. “Correlation of image intensity on the Turin Shroud with the 3-D structure of a human body shape.” Applied Optics, 23 (14): 2244-2270.

Jaki, S. L. 1978. The Road of Science and the Ways to God. University of Chicago Press.

John Paul II, pope. 1988. “Letter to reverend George V. Coyne, S.J. director of the Vatican Observatory.” Accessed January 16, 2015.

John Paul II, pope. 1998a. ‘‘Pastoral Visit to Vercelli and Turin (Italy). Address of His Holiness Pope John Paul II.’’ Accessed January 16, 2015.

John Paul II, pope. 1998b. Fides et Ratio. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Joseph, S.J. 2012. “The Shroud and the ‘Historical Jesus’. Challenging the Disciplinary Divide.” Accessed January 16, 2015.

Kearse, K.P. 2013. “Icons, Science, and Faith: Comparative Examination of the Shroud of Turin and the Sudarium of Oviedo.” Theology and Science, 11 (1): 52-61, DOI: 10.1080/14746700.2013.750962.

Kearse, K.P. 2014. “DNA Analysis and the Shroud of Turin: Development of a Shroud CODIS.” Accessed January 16, 2015.

Marino, J.G., and M.S. Benford, 1999. “The Shroud of Turin: bridge between heaven and earth?” Accessed January 16, 2015.

Markwardt, J. 2002. “The conspiracy against the Shroud.” British Society for the Turin Shroud, Shroud Newsletter 55. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Marsden, G.M. 1983. “Creation versus Evolution: No Middle Way.” Nature 305: 571–574.

McCowen, S. 2010. “Sceptic gives ‘resounding yes’ to truth of Shroud.” The catholic Weekly, 23 May. Accessed January 16, 2015.

McCrone, W. 1999. Judgement Day for the Shroud of Turin. Amherst: Prometheus.

Miñarro, J.M. 2003. “El Rostro del Hombre de la Síndone: Memoria del proyecto.” Linteum 35: 4-11.

Miñarro, J.M. 2004. “El Rostro del Hombre de la Síndone (II): El Rostro Torturado.” Linteum 36: 4-9.

Ratzinger, J. 2004. Truth and Tolerance. Christian Belief and World Religions. San Francisco: Ignatius Press.

Ratzinger, J. 2012. La infancia de Jesús. Barcelona: Planeta.

Ratzinger J., and J. Habermas. 2006. Dialéctica de la Secularización. Sobre la razón y la religión. Madrid: Encuentro.

Riaza, E. 2010. La historia del comienzo. Georges Lemaître, padre del Big Bang. Madrid: Encuentro.

Rinaldi, P.M. 1934. “The Holy Shroud.” The Sing 13: 685-688.

Rodríguez A., J.-M. 1998. La Síndone de Turín. Estudios y Aportaciones. Valencia: Centro Español de Sindonología.

Rogers, R.N. 2005. ‘‘Studies on the Radiocarbon Sample from the Shroud of Turin.’’ Thermochimica Acta 425: 189–194.

Rolfe, D. 2012. Interview for ReligionenLibertad, 8 Oct. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Scaer, D.P. 1979. "Shroud of Turin: Protestant Opportunity or Embarrassment?" Concordia Theological Quarterly 43: 46-49.

Schwortz, B.M. 2013. “Religious Freedom in Scientific Research.” TEDx Conference, Vatican City, April 19. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Sols, I. 2013. “La ciencia lo dijo. Relaciones entre ciencia, razón y fe.” Scientia et Fides 1: 87–149. DOI:

STURP (Shroud of Turin Research Project). 1981. ‘‘A Summary of STURP’s Conclusions.’’ Accessed January 16, 2015.

Tamburelli, G. 1982. “Reading the Shroud, called the Fifth Gospel, with the aid of the computer.” Shroud Spectrum International 2: 3-12.

Tomás de Aquino. 1967. Suma contra los Gentiles, Madrid: BAC.

Vatican Council II. 1965. Dogmatic constitution on divine revelation “Dei Verbum,” November 18. Accessed January 16, 2015.

Vignon, P. 1902. Le Saint-Suaire de Turin devant la Science, l'Archeologie, l'Histoire, l'Iconographie, la Logique. Paris: Masson et C. Editeurs.

Wilson, I. 2010. The Shroud. Fresh light on the 2000-Year-Old Mystery... New York: Bantam Books. Kindle edition.

ISSN 2300-7648 (print)
ISSN 2353-5636 (online)

Partnerzy platformy czasopism