Anthropology of fear. Ukrainian massacres of the Polish population in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia, 1943‑1944

Ernest Komoński



The Polish population of Volhynia and Eastern Galicia was gripped by fear of ethnic cleansing at the hands of Ukrainian nationalists in the years 1943‑1944. This fear varied in form and intensity depending on the perceived aims which ranged from their physical extermination to simple eviction. This article attempts to analyse the fundamental determinants of Polish defensive actions in response to those fears.

Słowa kluczowe

Volhynia; Eastern Galicia; World War II; extermination; Poles; Ukrainian nationalists; fear

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