Cover Image

Polivariant change of step-test under the influence of natural adaptogens and their accompaniments

Walery Zukow, Igor-Severyn Flyunt, Ruslan Ponomarenko, Nadiya Rybak, Vitaliy Fil’, Halyna Kovalchuk, Serhiy Sarancha, Yaryna Nahurna



Background. Typically, the step test is used to assess the physical performance that is determined by the condition of the cardio-respiratory system. The latter, in turn, is associated with the nervous, endocrine and immune systems, which collectively determine the level of adaptation of the body. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect on the step test of natural adaptogens and associated changes in a number of parameters of cardio-respiratory, autonomic nervous and immune systems and metabolism. Material and methods. The target was 80 children of both sexes, ages 10-17, arriving at the clinical sanatorium "Dzherelo" of Truskavets spa from radionuclide contaminated territories. The main subject of the study was the Popovych’s step test. State of autonomous nervous and immune systems was assessed as well as others functional and metabolic tests. Results. The contingent surveyed was retrospectively divided into three qualitatively distinct groups. The largest group (53,7%) was the group of children with initially reduced or normal levels of Popovych’s Step Test Index (PSI), in which it increased. However, in 28,8% of children PSI remained stable at different initial levels, and in 17,5% even decreased, without falling below the lower limit of normal. Discriminant analysis was subsequently applied to identify constellations of parameters that change are characteristic of each cluster. The program selected as characteristic changes in 2 parameters of autonomous nervous system, 2 functional, 4 metabolic and 3 immune parameters as well as blood trombocytes level. The correct classification of the positive actotropic effect is 93,0%; neutral 65,2%; negative 64,3%, and total correctness is 80,0%. Conclusion. Balneotherapy causes multivariate changes in Popopvych’s step test, which accompanied by characteristic changes in certain parameters of autonomous nervous and immune systems as well as others functional and metabolic tests.


Step test; HRV; Immunity; Metabolism; Balneotherapy; Children.

Full Text:

PDF Flip


Amosov MV, Bendet YaA. Physical activity and heart [in Russian]. Kyiv. Zdorovya; 1989: 215 p.

Baevskiy RM, Ivanov GG. Heart Rate Variability: theoretical aspects and possibilities of clinical application [in Russian]. Ultrazvukovaya i funktsionalnaya diagnostika. 2001; 3: 106-127.

Balanovs’kyi VP, Popovych IL, Karpynets’ SV. About ambivalence-equilibratory character of influence of curative water Naftussya on organism of human [in Ukrainian]. Dopovidi ANU. Mat., pryr., tekhn. Nauky. 1993; 3: 154-158.

Chebanenko OI, Chebanenko LO, Popovych IL. Variety Balneoeffects of Factors Spa Truskavets’ and their Forecast [in Ukrainian]. Kyiv: UNESCO-SOCIO; 2012: 496 p.

Douglas SD, Quie PG. Investigation of Phagocytes in Disease. Churchil; 1981: 110 p.

Druz’ VA. Sports Training and Body [in Russian]. Kyiv. Zdorovya; 1980: 128 p.

Dushanin SA, Pyrohova ОYa, Ivashchenko LYa. Wellness Run [in Ukrainian]. Kyiv. Zdorovya; 1982: 128 p.

Goryachkovskiy АМ. Clinical Biochemistry [in Russian]. Odesa. Astroprint; 1998: 608 p.

Gozhenko AI. Functional-metabolic continuum [in Russian]. J NAMS of Ukraine. 2016; 22(1): 3-8.

Gozhenko AI, Sydoruk NO, Babelyuk VYe, Dubkowa GI, Flyunt VR, Hubyts’kyi VYo, Zukow W, Barylyak LG, Popovych IL. Modulating effects of bioactive water Naftussya from layers Truskavets’ and Pomyarky on some metabolic and biophysic parameters at humans with dysfunction of neuro-endocrine-immune complex. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2016; 6(12): 826-842.

Gozhenko AI, Zukow W, Polovynko IS, Zajats LM, Yanchij RI, Portnichenko VI, Popovych IL. Individual Immune Responses to Chronic Stress and their Neuro-Endocrine Accompaniment. RSW. UMK. Radom. Torun; 2019: 200 p.

Ivassivka SV, Bilas VR, Popovych AI. Stresslimiting effects of ozokerite on neuro-endocrine-immune complex at rats. In: International Scientific Congress and 61-st Session of the General Assembly of the World Federation of Hydrotherapy Climatotherapy (FEMTEC). Congress materials (China, November 26-28, 2008): 216-217.

Ivassivka SV, Bilas VR, Popovych AI. Influence applications of ozokerite on phone of chronic stress on parameters of neuro-endocrine-immune complex and hydro-electrolyte exchange at rats. Communication 1: Stresslimiting, sanogene and neutral effects [in Ukrainian]. Medical Hydrology and Rehabilitation. 2008; 6(4): 65-72.

Khaitov RM, Pinegin BV, Istamov KhI. Ecological Immunology [in Russian]. Мoskwa: VNIRO; 1995: 219 p.

Klecka WR. Discriminant Analysis [trans. from English in Russian] (Seventh Printing, 1986). In: Factor, Discriminant and Cluster Analysis. Moskva. Finansy i Statistika; 1989: 78-138.

Kostyuk PG, Popovych IL, Іvassivka SV (editors). Chornobyl’, Adaptive and Defensive Systems, Rehabilitation [in Ukrainian]. Kyiv. Computerpress; 2006: 348 p.

Kozyavkina OV, Kozyavkina NV, Gozhenko OA, Gozhenko AI, Barylyak LG, Popovych IL. Bioactive Water Naftussya and Neuroendocrine-Immune Complex [in Ukrainian]. Kyiv. UNESCO-SOCIO; 2015: 349 p.

Lapovets’ LY, Lutsyk BD. Handbook of Laboratory Immunology [in Ukrainian]. Lviv; 2002: 173 p.

Perederiy VG, Zemskov AM, Bychkova NG, Zemskov VM. Immune status, principles of its evaluation and correction of immune disorders [in Russian]. Kyiv. Zdorovya; 1995: 211 p.

Popovych AI. Features of the immunotropic effects of partial components of the balneotherapeutic complex of spa Truskavets’. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2018; 8(12): 919-935.

Popovych AI. Features of the neurotropic effects of partial components of the balneotherapeutic complex of spa Truskavets’. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2019; 9(1): 396-409.

Popovych IL. Stresslimiting Adaptogene Mechanism of Biological and Curative Activity of Water Naftussya [in Ukrainian]. Kyiv. Computerpress; 2011: 300 p.

Popovych IL, Barylyak LG. Influence of course using of bioactive water Naftussya on stress level at women with endocrine and gynecological pathology [in Ukrainian]. Medical Hydrology and Rehabilitation. 2009; 7(3): 100-118.

Popovych IL, Flyunt IS, Alyeksyeyev OI, Barylyak LG, Bilas VR. Sanogenetic Bases of Rehabilitation on Spa Truskavets’ Urological Patients from Chornobylian Contingent [in Ukrainian]. Kyiv. Computerpress; 2003: 192 p.

Popovych IL, Gumega MD, Verba IE, Popovych AI, Korolyshyn TA, Tkachuk SP, Ostapenko VM, Zukow W. Comparative investigation effects on nervous and immune systems of bioactive water Naftussya spa Truskavets’ and stable water solution of Boryslav’s ozokerite. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2016; 6(4): 364-374.

Popovych IL, Ruzhylo SV, Ivassivka SV, Aksentiychuk BI (editors). Balneocardioangiology [in Ukrainian]. Kyiv. Computerpress; 2005: 229 p.

Popovych IL, Vis’tak (Markevych) HI, Humega MD, Ruzhylo SV. Vegetotropic Effects of Bioactive Water Naftussya and their Neuroendocrine-Immune, Metabolic and Hemodynamic Accompaniments [in Ukrainian]. Kyiv. UNESCO-SOCIO; 2014: 162 p.

Ruzhylo SV, Tserkovnyuk AV, Popopvych IL. Актотропні ефекти бальнеотерапевтичного комплексу курорту Трускавець. Actotropic Effects of Balneotherapeutic Complex of Truskavets spa [in Ukrainian]. Кyiv. Computerpress; 2003: 131 p.

Sydoruk NO, Zukow W. Differences between the effects of water Naftussya from fields of Truskavets’ and Pomyarky on the parameters of the EEG, HRV, immunity and metabolism. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2019; 9(1): 287-293.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019. Zgodnie z Rozporządzeniem ministra nauki i szkolnictwa wyższego z dnia 22 lutego 2019 r. w sprawie ewaluacji jakości działalności naukowej (w szczególności art. 12 ust. 1 pkt 1 w zw. z art. 8 pkt 2), czasopismo Pedagogy and Psychology of Sport ewaluowane jest punktacją w wysokości 5 punktów. e-ISSN: 2450-6605 Numer DOI: 10.12775/PPS Indexing: Index Copernicus Master List DOAJ ERIH Plus Polska Bibliografia Naukowa PBN Akademicka Platforma Czasopism Naukowych Google Scholar BASE CrossRef WorldCat Arianta Baidu Scholar J-Gate JournalTOCs Microsoft Academic POL-index

Partnerzy platformy czasopism