Pedagogy and Psychology of Sport https://apcz.umk.pl/PPS Uniwersytet Mikołaja Koprenika w Toruniu en-US Pedagogy and Psychology of Sport 2450-6605 The periodical offers access to content in the Open Access system under the Creative Commons non-exclusive license (CC BY-ND 4.0). Techniques for administering inhaled medicines to patients with bronchial asthma in nursing practice https://apcz.umk.pl/PPS/article/view/PPS.2021.07.02.003 Bronchial asthma due to complex etiopathogenesis, the frequency of exacerbations is a serious medical and social problem [10]. At the root of the disease lies the chronic inflammatory process, which is the main cause of symptoms [5,18]. In the therapy of bronchial asthma, the basis is drugs administered directly to the affected area of the inflammatory process by various inhalation techniques. Ignorance of drug inhalation techniques and/or failure of the patient/caregivers to make pharmacotherapy recommendations is associated with a risk of many side effects. In order for patient therapy to be safe and effective, it is necessary to carry out large-scale educational activities both among medical staff as well as patients and their caregivers in the field of aerosol therapy techniques. Streszczenie Astma oskrzelowa ze względu na złożoną etiopatogenezę, częstość zaostrzeń stanowi poważny problem medyczny jak i społeczny [10]. U podłoża choroby leży przewlekły proces zapalny, który jest główną przyczyną objawów [5,18]. W terapii astmy oskrzelowej podstawę stanowią leki podawane bezpośrednio do miejsca objętego procesem zapalnych za pomocą różnych technik inhalacyjnych. Nieznajomość technik inhalacji leków i / lub niestosowanie się pacjenta / jego opiekunów do zaleceń w zakresie farmakoterapii wiąże się z ryzykiem wielu działań niepożądanych. Aby terapia pacjentów była bezpieczna i skuteczna konieczne jest prowadzenie na szeroką skalę działań edukacyjnych zarówno wśród personelu medycznego jak też pacjentów i ich opiekunów z zakresu technik aerozoloterapii. Słowa kluczowe: astma oskrzelowa, techniki aerozoloterapii. Iwona Czerwińska Pawluk Elwira Paula Pawluk Angelo Daniel Szymaszek Copyright (c) 2021 © The Author(s) 2021-03-20 2021-03-20 7 2 39 50 10.12775/PPS.2021.07.02.003 Nursing level knowledge of strokes from the study of demographic and social factors https://apcz.umk.pl/PPS/article/view/PPS.2021.07.02.001 Introduction. Strokes often have very serious medical, social and economic consequences. Knowledge about strokes is the basis for effective prophylaxis and makes it possible to quickly notice the symptoms and initiate appropriate therapeutic treatment in a short time. The aim of the research was to assess the level of knowledge of nursing students about strokes, taking into account selected demographic and social factors. Material and methods. The research covered a group of 120 students of nursing at the State University of Jan Grodek in Sanok. The diagnostic survey method was used. The research tool was a proprietary questionnaire containing questions about the demographic and social situation and a stroke knowledge test. The IBM SPSS v 25.0 package was used in the statistical analysis. The value of p≤0.05 was adopted as statistically significant. Results. The mean age of the respondents in the years was 33.82 (SD 9.75). The vast majority of the respondents (94.2%) were women. The average level of knowledge about stroke was highest in the 31-40 age group (83.3%). A statistically significant relationship was found between the level of education of the respondents and the level of their knowledge about strokes (p = 0.029). On the other hand, the age, marital status, place of residence and social and living conditions of students did not significantly affect the level of their knowledge about stroke. Conclusions. The overall level of knowledge about strokes among nursing students was average. Most of the subjects studied were familiar with pre-hospital management procedures in the event of a stroke, but had significant gaps in knowledge regarding the time of thrombolytic treatment initiation after the onset of stroke. In the education of nursing students, particular attention should be paid to issues related to the prevention and management of strokes. Lucyna Gazdowicz Elżbieta Cipora Mateusz Niemiec Edyta Krowicka Copyright (c) 2021 © The Author(s) 2021-03-20 2021-03-20 7 2 11 20 10.12775/PPS.2021.07.02.001 Health and functional benefits of yoga practice in times of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic https://apcz.umk.pl/PPS/article/view/PPS.2021.07.02.002 The purpose of this article is to identify and quantify the benefits of yoga practice, particularly in the most severe of the coronavirus pandemic and related lockdown periods. The subject of the research was the form and quality of online yoga practice, which has become an alternative to sports and stationary activities. The most important health benefits of yoga practice are also discussed. Using the method of analysis of documents and sources, the role and importance of yoga in the health context and its advantages related to maintaining health during the coronavirus pandemic have been demonstrated. The authors of the publication also made an original quantitative and qualitative analysis of individual forms of online yoga practice, according to the most popular and used tools and technologies in this discipline. An analysis of functionalities conducted on Facebook and Instagram social networking sites, live broadcasts, applications that can be installed on smartphones and channels on the YouTube website, publishing videos for joint yoga practice, was developed. Using own observation and SWOT analysis, all the strengths and weaknesses of online yoga practice, as well as its opportunities and threats, were presented. Olga Ilona Smoleńska Marta Pilarska Copyright (c) 2021 © The Author(s) 2021-03-20 2021-03-20 7 2 21 38 10.12775/PPS.2021.07.02.002 The evaluation of the impact of flexion and extension angles and lateral torso flexion on the selected spine and pelvis parameters https://apcz.umk.pl/PPS/article/view/PPS.2021.07.02.004 The aim of the research was to assess the impact of flexion and extension angles and lateral torso flexion on the selected spine and pelvis parameters among the population of children aged between 7 and 15 years. Material and methods. The research was conducted in randomly selected kindergartens and schools in the Warmia and Masuria region and the Pomerania region during six semi-annual editions. The study population consisted of 2,361 children. This allowed to record 16,608 observations of 31 parameters describing body posture using the photogrammetric method. Results. The analysis of multiple regression with selection of the subset of the optimal set of variables included four parameters affecting the following: flexion angle and extension angle in the sagittal plane, angle of flexion to the left and to the right in the frontal plane. The set of variables included the parameters of the pelvis-spine complex. Conclusions 1.Spinal parameters are significantly and positively affected by the angle of torso extension in the sagittal plane and the angle of flexion to the left in the frontal plane and negatively influenced by the flexion angle in the sagittal plane. 2.The values of torso extension and flexion angles in the sagittal plane and torso flexion to the left and right in the frontal plane have a significant and positive impact on the total length of the spine (C7-S1) and the percentage of growth (DCK%), the Delta angle and the height of lumbar lordosis. The inclination angle of the lumbosacral spine, the total spinal length and the percentage of body height and the height of lumbar lordosis account for the parameters that are most dependent on the angles describing vertical orientation of the axial organ. 3.The significant negative impact on the spine parameters is remarkably lower. The most negatively dependent parameters include: lumbosacral inclination angle, the length and angle of thoracic kyphosis, and lumbar lordosis angle. 4.Hardly any influence of the analysed angles on pelvis parameters demonstrated herein requires further studies on the impact of foot parameters on the parameters of pelvis and spine. 5.The significant correlations of flexion and extension angles in the sagittal plane as well as the flexion angle in the frontal plane should be taken into consideration in the process of correcting body posture defects and errors. Mirosław Mrozkowiak Copyright (c) 2021 © The Author(s) 2021-03-20 2021-03-20 7 2 51 65 10.12775/PPS.2021.07.02.004 An attempt to identify significant correlations between parameters of body trunk and parameters of feet and their frequency in adolescents aged 14-18 years https://apcz.umk.pl/PPS/article/view/PPS.2021.07.02.005 Introduction. All disorders are temporary as a natural consequence of ontogenetic processes usually disappearing after puberty. Therefore, it is important to provide incentives in this period in order to maintain physical activity at a previously achieved level and try to shape the parameters of feet through exerting a conscious influence on body trunk parameters. Material and method. The study conducted with the group of adolescents aged 14 to 18 years enabled to record 2,343 observations with regard to the measurement of 90 parameters describing trunk and feet. The station for an assessment of body posture and feet using the photogrammetric method consisted of a computer, a card, software, a display monitor, a printer and a projection-reception device with a camera to measure the selected parameters. Conclusions 1.The values of frontal and sagittal body trunk parameters revealed a significant correlation with the parameters of feet. An increased frequency of these correlations was observed between the sagittal parameters of body trunk and feet. The relationship between transverse parameters was much less significant. 2.Feet parameters most often significantly correlated with: trunk flexion angle in the sagittal plane, height of thoracic kyphosis, angle of the projection line of lower scapula angles with the right or the left angle being more convex, lumbar lordosis length, asymmetry in the height of scapula triangles with the right scapula up, inclination of the thoracic and lumbar spine, shoulders line angle with the left one up and the angle of pelvic flexion to the right in the transverse plane. 3.Feet parameters with which trunk parameters most frequently correlated included: width of longitudinal arch 1, length of longitudinal arch 2 in the right foot, varus angle of the fifth toe and width of the right foot and length of the first arch in the left foot and length of the right and left foot. Mirosław Mrozkowiak Copyright (c) 2021 © The Author(s) 2021-03-20 2021-03-20 7 2 66 78 10.12775/PPS.2021.07.02.005 Relationships between selected parameters of pelvis in children and adolescents aged 3–20 years of age in the context of gender and environment https://apcz.umk.pl/PPS/article/view/PPS.2021.07.02.006 Introduction: Pelvis is a part of the skeletal system. It is a pelvic ring composed of the sacral bone, coccygeal bone and two pelvic bones, the right one and the left one. When walking, pelvis undergoes angular displacement in the frontal, sagittal and transverse planes. Material and methods: The studies were conducted in randomly selected kindergartens and schools from the urban and rural environment in the Warmia and Masuria region and the Pomerania region among 1832 male and 1974 female subjects at the age of 3 – 20 years. The photogrammetric method was applied to diagnose the angle of pelvic torsion to the left and to the right side in the frontal plane. Results: The general analysis of the correlation coefficient including positive and negative correlations suggested that the values ranged between 0.43 and 0.44 for KNM and KNM-, from -0.1 to 0.1 for KNM and KSM-, and from -0.08 to -0.04 for KNM and KSM. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient for KNM- and KSM- ranged between -0.11 and -0.1, for KNM and KSM from -0.14 to 0.11, and for KSM- and KSM -0.72 to -0.7. Conclusions: A high degree of negative correlations was recorded between the angle of pelvic torsion in the transverse plane to the left and the angle of pelvis twisted to the right side. A poor degree of positive correlation was observed between the parameters of KNM and KSM- as well as KNM- and KSM. A poor negative correlation was reported between the parameters of KNM and KSM and the parameters of KNM- and KSM-. The correction procedure for the pelvic position should consider mutual interdependencies of tilt angles in the frontal plane and of torsion angles in the transverse plane. Mirosław Mrozkowiak Copyright (c) 2021 © The Author(s) 2021-03-20 2021-03-20 7 2 79 93 10.12775/PPS.2021.07.02.006 The incidence of significant correlations between body height and weight and foot parameters among 7-13-year-old children of both sexes and environments https://apcz.umk.pl/PPS/article/view/PPS.2021.07.02.007 The purpose of this study was to present the incidence of significant correlations between body weight and height and the selected parameters of feet among 7-13-year-old children. Material and methods. The study which was conducted among children aged 7-13 years during the period of 3 years, in 6 half-year editions, allowed the author to record 16462 observations with regard to the measurement of 48 parameters describing feet, body weight and height. The photogrammetric method was used to measure the selected parameters. Conclusions 1.Among children aged 7-13 years, body height revealed significantly more frequent correlations with the parameters of feet than body weight. Body height was reported to reveal more frequent significant correlations with the parameters of feet than body weight among boys and girls. As regards girls involved in the study, the proportions concerning the frequency of relationships concerning body height were similar to the percentage represented by boys whereas body-weight-related correlations were more frequent. Body weight and height were reported to correlate more often with the parameters of feet in the case of children living in the urban areas than those from the rural regions. 2.Among boys, the most frequent significant correlations between body weight and height and the parameters of feet were observed in subjects living in the urban environment. The percentage of relationships between body weight parameters observed in the rural environment was very low. Among girls from towns and cities, the prevalence of correlations between body weight and height outnumbered the rate of relationships in the rural environment. Mirosław Mrozkowiak Copyright (c) 2021 © The Author(s) 2021-03-20 2021-03-20 7 2 94 105 10.12775/PPS.2021.07.02.007 The impact of some morphological and motor characteristics in short distance running https://apcz.umk.pl/PPS/article/view/PPS.2021.07.02.008 The knowledge of morphological development and their impact on motor skills in short-distance athletes should be one of the main concerns of athletics coaches, because any scientific research in the field of physical culture and sports is about proving the development and evaluation of anthropological characteristics which are responsible for achieving success in athletics. The purpose of this paper is to confirm the impact of some anthropometric characteristics in the execution of running speeds on short distances, specifically in running at 100 meters to students aged 18 ± 6 years of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports in Prishtina. The sample of this research has included a total of 60 students aged 18 years of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports in Prishtina. The measurements were executed during September in the hall of the Faculty, while the 100 meter runs in the stadium "Fadil Vokrri" Prishtina. The only condition that was used during the determination of the sample was: that the students are involved in regular physical education classes (and on the day of the measurement be healthy, without the flu, cold or other symptoms). The variables which are applied in this research have been 8 anthropometric variables and 1 motor-specific variables. The results obtained after their processing indicate that the impact of anthropometric variables is higher in running at 100 meters. Short distance running and long distance running reduces the impact of anthropometric parameters whereas the influence of metabolic factors of energy production is increased. These results were also confirmed using regression analysis, so that groups of predictors of anthropometric characteristics, specific motor skills that statistically significantly influenced each variable of individual criteria. The world records below the 10-second limit, in the 100 m, near the 9-meter limit, show not only the high level of sports, but also the strong impact on the growth, especially of strength indicators, speed-strength, explosive force, as main and applied motor skills in sports and athlete’s everyday life. N. Rashiti Q. Ramabaja L. Bekolli S. Gontarev L. Ramadani Copyright (c) 2021 © The Author(s) 2021-03-20 2021-03-20 7 2 106 113 10.12775/PPS.2021.07.02.008 Status and some prospects of the organization of physical education in higher education institutions https://apcz.umk.pl/PPS/article/view/PPS.2021.07.02.009 The data of sources of information on the organization of physical education in higher education institutions are analyzed and generalized. Problems in the system of organization of physical education concerning the normative-legal base, material-technical, theoretical-methodical and staffing are revealed. Today, higher education is being reformed and integration into the world space, higher education institutions have been given autonomy, which provides for independent decision-making on the organization of the educational process. In such conditions, there is a situation when in some educational programs is no educational component of "Physical Education". In some higher education, physical education classes are held only during the first- second year of study. It is proposed to conduct extracurricular classes lasting two hours twice or thrice a week in extracurricular time. One of the directions of improving the system of organization of physical education is the use of a personalized approach based on individual morphofunctional, psychophysiological features, including personal motives and situational factors. V. Banakh G. Iedynak Copyright (c) 2021 Володимир Банах, Геннадій Єдинак 2021-02-28 2021-02-28 7 2 114 121 10.12775/PPS.2021.07.02.009