Kryterium semantyczne w badaniach etymologicznych i językowych M.T. Warrona w świetle jego traktatu De lingua Latina

Katarzyna Michałowska

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/LinCop.2009.035

Abstrakt


This article presents the role of meaning in the linguistic and etymological researches of Marcus Terentius Varro, the Roman polymath and man of letters, in the light of his linguistic work De lingua Latina. The ancient theoreticians of language were not aware of diachronic linguistics and identified the concrete connections between words on the base of similarities in the sounds and in the meanings of the words being compared. For that reason, etymological and linguistic analyses of Varro very often rest on the semantic criterion which causes certain consequences for the character of his findings.


Słowa kluczowe


Warron; etymologia; semantyka; kryterium

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Bibliografia


Teksty źrodłowe:

M. Terenti Varronis De lingua Latina quae supersunt, edidit G. Goetz, F. Schoell, accedunt grammaticorum Varronis librorum fragmenta, Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1964.

Varron, La langue latine. Livre VI, edidit P. Flobert, Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1985.

Varron, De lingua Latina, edidit R. G. Kent, t. 1–2, London: Loeb, 1977.

De lingua Latina, libro VI, E. Riganti testo crit., trad. e com., Bologna: Patron, 1978.

Monografie:

CAVAZZA F., 1981, Studio su Varrone etimologo e grammatico. La lingua Latina come modello di struttura linguistica, Firenze: La Nuova Italia.

COLLART J., 1954, Varron grammairien latin, Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

DAHLMANN H., 1997, Varrone e la teoria ellenistica della lingua, presentazione, note e commento e bibliografia a cura di G. Calboli. trad. ital. di P. Vozza, Napoli: Loffredo Editore.

HEINZ A., 1978, Dzieje językoznawstwa w zarysie, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

WILMANNS A., 1864, De Terentii Varronis libris grammaticis scripsit reliquiasque subiecit, Berlin: Weidmann.

Słowniki:

ABRAMOWICZÓWNA Z., 1958–1965, Słownik grecko-polski, t. 1–4, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

ERNOUT A., MEILLET A., 1967, Dictionnaire etymoloqique de la langue latine, Paris: Klincksieck.

PLEZIA M., 1999, Słownik łacińsko-polski, t. 1–5, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, vol. IV, 1906–1909, Lipsiae: Teubner.

WALDE A., HOFMANN J. B., 1938–1954, Lateinisches Etymologisches Worterbuch, vol. I– II, Heidelberg: Winter.


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ISSN 2080-1068 (print)
ISSN 2391-7768 (online)

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