The awareness of Polish society about bee pollen and its health-promoting properties - preliminary assessment of factors determined bee pollen supplementation in survey-based study

Mirosław Sławiński, Piotr Michał Jarosz, Patryk Jasielski, Michał Zarobkiewicz, Ewelina Wawryk-Gawda, Barbara Jodłowska-Jędrych



Introduction: The apiculture is an old and long-established craft. Bee pollen is a flower pollen packed by bees and used as a food source for a hive. Mainly, it consists of simple sugars, protein, fatty acid but also minerals and vitamins. Bee pollen has multiple properties: antioxidative, antineoplastic, antibacterial and much more. It is commonly used by herbalists in treatment of certain medical conditions. Nevertheless, it is unsure whether bee pollen has any health benefits.

Purpose: The aim of our study was to assess initially a knowledge of respondents about bee pollen and find out which factors can determine bee pollen supplementation.

Materials and methods:  The study was based on an on-line questionnaire, which was created by using Google Forms tool. It consisted of 27 both open and closed questions. Anonymity and resignation opportunity were warranted. The statistical analysis based on questionnaires were elaborated by using R custom script.The Pearson Chi-square test was applied to investigate the relationship between bee pollen usage and: (a) gender, (b) body mass index (BMI) and (c) living area.

Results: The study was based on questionnaires given to 511 respondents, 153 of them were represented by men, whereas 358 by women. The 403 respondents gathered what was bee pollen. Bee pollen has been used by 123 persons (24% of respondents). Majority of respondents knew what bee pollen is. However, only one third of this group already used this product in their diet. People who took bee pollen had awareness about the advantages of this dietary supplement. Interestingly, Chi-square test analysis showed that the relationship between bee pollen usage and gender, as well as bee pollen usage and BMI is statistically significant. Contrary, there is no relationship between bee pollen and living area.

Conclusions:  Our study has highlighted the issue of this problem area among polish society. Quarter of respondents have ever used bee pollen as a part of their diet. Current results show that polish society has been able to have the knowledge about its beneficial properties, because of their declaration submitted to our survey.


bee pollen; survey; health; dietary supplement;

Full Text:



Fratellone PM, Tsimis F, Fratellone G. Apitherapy Products for Medicinal Use. J Altern Complement Med. 2016 Dec;22(12):1020–2.

Münstedt K, Männle H. Apitherapy for menopausal problems [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 16]. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2020;10.1007/s00404-020-05692-2. doi:10.1007/s00404-020-05692-2

Badolato M, Carullo G, Cione E, Aiello F, Caroleo MC. From the hive: Honey, a novel weapon against cancer. Eur J Med Chem. 2017;142:290-299. doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.07.064

Mozherenkov VP, Prokof'eva GL. Apitherapy in ophthalmology. Oftalmol Zh. 1986;(5):314-316.

Masterov GD, Nersesian ON. Rol' apiterapii v kompleksnom lechenii bol'nykh khronicheskimi nespetsificheskimi zabolevaniiami legkikh [The role of apitherapy in the combined treatment of patients with chronic nonspecific lung diseases]. Lik Sprava. 1995;(3-4):155-158.

Zarobkiewicz MK, Wo?niakowski MM, S?awi?ski MA, Wawryk-Gawda E, Jod?owska-J?drych B. Bee pollen in allergy and immunology. Short review. Herba Pol [Internet]. 2017 Jan 1 [cited 2017 Jun 24];63(1). Available from:

Eraslan G, Kanbur M, Silici S. Effect of carbaryl on some biochemical changes in rats: The ameliorative effect of bee pollen. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009 Jan;47(1):86–91.

Nagai T, Nagashima T, Myoda T, Inoue R. Preparation and functional properties of extracts from bee bread. Nahrung/Food. 2004 Jun;48(3):226–9.

Abouda Z, Zerdani I, Kalalou I, Faid M, Ahami MT. The Antibacterial Activity of Moroccan Bee Bread and Bee-Pollen (Fresh and Dried) against Pathogenic Bacteria. Res J Microbiol. 2011 Apr 1;6(4):376–84.

Markiewicz-Żukowska R, Naliwajko SK, Bartosiuk E, Moskwa J, Isidorov V, Soroczyńska J, et al. Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of beebread, and its influence on the glioblastoma cell line (U87MG). J Apic Sci [Internet]. 2013 Jan 1 [cited 2017 Jun 24];57(2). Available from:

Komosinska-Vassev K, Olczyk P, Ka?mierczak J, Mencner L, Olczyk K. Bee Pollen: Chemical Composition and Therapeutic Application. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015;2015:1–6.

Akiyasu T, Paudyal B, Paudyal P, Kumiko M, Kazue U, Takuji N, et al. A Case Report of Acute Renal Failure Associated With Bee Pollen Contained in Nutritional Supplements. Ther Apher Dial. 2010 Feb;14(1):93–7.

Usta Güc B, Asilsoy S, Canan O, Kayaselcuk F. Does bee pollen cause to eosinophilic gastroenteropathy? Türk Pediatri Arş. 2015 Sep 3;50(3):189–92.

Güç BU, Asilsoy S, Canan O, Kayaselçuk F. Does bee pollen cause to eosinophilic gastroenteropathy? Turk Pediatri Ars. 2015;50(3):189-92.

Tsiapara AV, Jaakkola M, Chinou I, Graikou K, Tolonen T, Virtanen V, et al. Bioactivity of Greek honey extracts on breast cancer (MCF-7), prostate cancer (PC-3) and endometrial cancer (Ishikawa) cells: Profile analysis of extracts. Food Chem. 2009 Oct;116(3):702–8.

Li S. Antitumor activity of bee pollen polysaccharides from Rosa rugosa. Mol Med Rep [Internet]. 2013 Mar 20 [cited 2017 Apr 3]; Available from:

Almeida-Muradian LB, Pamplona LC, Coimbra S, Barth OM. Chemical composition and botanical evaluation of dried bee pollen pellets. J Food Compos Anal. 2005 Feb;18(1):105–11.

Wu Y-D, Lou Y-J. A steroid fraction of chloroform extract from bee pollen of Brassica campestris induces apoptosis in human prostate cancer PC-3 cells: BEE POLLEN OF BRASSICA CAMPESTRIS ON APOPTOSIS. Phytother Res. 2007 Nov;21(11):1087–91.

Graikou K, Kapeta S, Aligiannis N, Sotiroudis G, Chondrogianni N, Gonos E, et al. Chemical analysis of Greek pollen - Antioxidant, antimicrobial and proteasome activation properties. Chem Cent J [Internet]. 2011 Dec [cited 2017 Sep 16];5(1). Available from:

Yang, Kai; Wu, Dan; Ye, Xingqian; Liu, Donghong; Chen, Jianchu; Sun, Peilong (2013-01-23). "Characterization of Chemical Composition of Bee Pollen in China". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska, EuroPub database, NLM Catalog Result - NCBI, BASE, Russian Sciences Index, Arianta.

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:


PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Publisher and Editorial Office
Department of Physical Culture,
Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management,
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
Address: Str. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

RG Journal Impact: 0.18 *

*This value is calculated using ResearchGate data and is based on average citation counts from work published in this journal. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive.

RG Journal impact history

2020Available summer 2021
2018 / 20190.18

RG Journal impact over time

RG Journal impact

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski


Partnerzy platformy czasopism