Lipid disorders in blue-collar workers in Lubelskie region

Paula Jankowska, Krzysztof Jankowski, Ewa Rudnicka-Drożak, Piotr Kamiński

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JEHS.2020.10.09.041

Abstract


Introduction

Lipid disorders are the most important risk factor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). For clinical practice and assessment of patient`s cardiovascular risk the most relevant is to determine plasma concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C). Blue-collar workers are a group of patients with higher estimated cardiovascular risk than other workers groups.

The aim of the study

The aim of the study was to asses prevalence of lipid disorders in blue-collar workers from Lubelskie region.

Material and methods

The method of this paper was to perform a retrospective analysis of data provided by the National Health Fund. The study population enclosed patients aged 35, 40, 45, 50, 55 included in the Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Program held in Primary Healthcare (PH) setting on the area of Lubelskie region in years 2008-2018. Patients analyzed were blue-collar workers. The chi-square test was used to test the relationship between the two qualitative features and the Pearson linear correlation between the quantitative features. The analyzes were performed using the IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, version 25 program (IBM Corp., Armonk, N.Y., USA). The significance level was assumed to be α = 0,05.

Results

In 26 226 patients hyperlipidemia was observed in 65,6% and LDL cholesterol levels higher than 115 mg/dl in 52,8% of patients. The mean total cholesterol serum concentration was 203,8 mg/dl, LDL cholesterol - 120,1 mg/dl and median triglycerides concentration – 101,0 mg/dl.

Conclusions

Hyperlipidemia was a common problem in blue-collar workers in Lubelskie region in years 2008-2018. Intense prophylactic actions are needed to reduce cardiovascular risk of this group of population.


Keywords


Dyslipidemias; Cardiovascular Diseases

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