The epidemiological situation of morbidity and mortality on HIV / AIDS cases in Poland and globally in recent years

Kinga Ruszel, Halina Piecewicz-Szczęsna




The aim of this review is to summarize the data on the morbidity and mortality of HIV / AIDS in the years 2000-2020 in Poland and in the world. As a result of continuous insufficient diagnostics, still millions of people are not aware of the disease, which often results in regions or countries with a significantly increased incidence. We were looking for information about the impact of the current COVID-19 pandemic on the production, distribution, and prices. Availability of drugs, especially in middle and low income countries, was also examined.

Materials and methods:

PubMed databases and statistics from the National Institute of Public Health (NIZP- PZH) and global data from the websites of WHO, UNAIDS - Global HIV & AIDS statistics and were searched in June and July 2020. The UNAIDS 90-90-90 program was also assessed. This programme was run until 2020. In the PubMed database, we used medical terms "hiv", "aids", "hiv / aids". No language restrictions were added.


UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic shows that 2020 targets will not be met because of deeply unequal success; COVID-19 risks blowing HIV progress way off course. Missed targets have resulted in 3.5 million more HIV infections and 820 000 more AIDS-related deaths since 2015 than if the world was on track to meet the 2020 targets. In addition, the response could be set back further, by 10 years or more, if the COVID-19 pandemic results in severe disruptions to HIV services. Currently, the world is plunged into the fight against COVID-19 and people are forgetting that the HIV pandemic also carries a large number of deaths. Nevertheless, the spread of both viruses is different and in developed countries the possibility of significant spread of HIV is much lower than in poor countries. The spread of Sars-Cov2 virus is much more difficult to control. Although the risk of serious illness from COVID-19 for people with HIV is not known, people with HIV may have concerns and questions related to their risk. COVID-19 pandemic has seriously impacted the AIDS response and could disrupt it more. Progress in prevention of HIV transmission remains too slow and the estimated total number of new infections in 2019 is more than three times higher than the UNAIDS 2020 target. Despite advances in the scientific understanding of HIV and its prevention and treatment, and many years of significant efforts by the global health community and governmental and community organizations, too many HIV-positive people still lack access to prevention, care and treatment. There is still no cure for everybody with HIV / AIDS. Moreover, the HIV epidemic not only affects human health, but also strikes households, communities, and the development and economic growth of nations.


HIV; AIDS; epidemiology; prevention

Full Text:



Eisinger RW, Fauci AS. Ending the HIV/AIDS Pandemic1. Emerg Infect Dis. marzec 2018;24(3):413–6.

Fauci AS, Marston HD. Ending the HIV-AIDS Pandemic--Follow the Science. N Engl J Med. 3 grudzień 2015;373(23):2197–9.

Rothenberg R, Woelfel M, Stoneburner R, Milberg J, Parker R, Truman B. Survival with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Experience with 5833 cases in New York City. N Engl J Med. 19 listopad 1987;317(21):1297–302.

Marcus JL, Chao CR, Leyden WA, Xu L, Quesenberry CP, Klein DB, i in. Narrowing the Gap in Life Expectancy Between HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Individuals With Access to Care. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 01 2016;73(1):39–46.

Report – AIDS 2020 [Internet]. [cytowane 23 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

Brides GN. Joint letter to the African Union: The impact of COVID-19 on girls’ education and child marriage [Internet]. Girls Not Brides. 2020 [cytowane 23 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

AIDS 2020 – UNAIDS [Internet]. [cytowane 20 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

June 30 CSH govDate last updated:, 2020. U.S. Statistics [Internet]. 2020 [cytowane 20 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

July 07 CSH govDate last updated:, 2020. Global HIV/AIDS Overview [Internet]. 2020 [cytowane 21 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

July 13 CSH govDate last updated:, 2018. U.S. Government Global HIV/AIDS Activities [Internet]. 2018 [cytowane 20 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

CDC. HIV in the United States by Region [Internet]. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2020 [cytowane 21 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

HIV Surveillance in Urban and Nonurban Areas, 2018 (preliminary). :25.

Global HIV & AIDS statistics — 2020 fact sheet [Internet]. [cytowane 20 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

Zakażenia HIV i zachorowania na AIDS w Polsce [Internet]. [cytowane 23 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

Tyagi M, Bukrinsky M, Simon GL. Mechanisms of HIV transcription regulation by drugs of abuse. Curr HIV Res. 2016;14(5):442–54.

Drake AL, Thomson KA, Quinn C, Owiredu MN, Nuwagira IB, Chitembo L, i in. Retest and treat: a review of national HIV retesting guidelines to inform elimination of mother-to-child HIV transmission (EMTCT) efforts. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2019;22(4):e25271.

HIV and AIDS - Diagnosis [Internet]. 2017 [cytowane 26 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

Melo MG de, Sprinz E, Gorbach PM, Santos B, Rocha T de M, Simon M, i in. HIV-1 heterosexual transmission and association with sexually transmitted infections in the era of treatment as prevention. Int J Infect Dis. październik 2019;87:128–34.

Cohen MS, Chen YQ, McCauley M, Gamble T, Hosseinipour MC, Kumarasamy N, i in. Antiretroviral Therapy for the Prevention of HIV-1 Transmission [Internet]. Massachusetts Medical Society; 2016 [cytowane 26 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

WHO-CDS-HIV-18.51-eng.pdf [Internet]. [cytowane 24 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

Elliott T, Sanders EJ, Doherty M, Ndung’u T, Cohen M, Patel P, i in. Challenges of HIV diagnosis and management in the context of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), test and start and acute HIV infection: a scoping review. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2019;22(12):e25419.

WHO | HIV self-testing [Internet]. WHO. World Health Organization; [cytowane 26 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

AIDSinfo | UNAIDS [Internet]. [cytowane 20 lipiec 2020]. Dostępne na:

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska, EuroPub database, NLM Catalog Result - NCBI, BASE, Russian Sciences Index, Arianta.

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:


PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Publisher and Editorial Office
Department of Physical Culture,
Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management,
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
Address: Str. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

RG Journal Impact: 0.18 *

*This value is calculated using ResearchGate data and is based on average citation counts from work published in this journal. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive.

RG Journal impact history

2020Available summer 2021
2018 / 20190.18

RG Journal impact over time

RG Journal impact

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski


Partnerzy platformy czasopism