Sunscreens as a prevention of the photoaging

Paulina Kostrzewska, Amanda Mandera, Anna Pawlikowska, Ewa Szuster

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JEHS.2020.10.08.001

Abstract


Proper aging is genetically determined, progresses over time and cannot be stopped. External aging, on the other hand, is caused by factors affecting the organism from the outside, such as permanent exposure to the sun, stress, diet. This factors are modifiable. Exposure to UV radiation is one of the main factors responsible for skin aging. It causes also skin cancers like melanoma, basal cell cancer and sunburns. In this review, we have discussed the skin aging mechanisms and using sunscreens as a prevention of the photoaging and another serious effects like skin cancer. Sun Protection Factor (SPF) is used to describe the sun protection ability and it measures the fraction of sunburn-producing UV rays that reach the skin. Sunscreens with high SPF protect the skin by absorbing or reflection of harmful UV radiation from the sun. They minimize damaging effects and prevent sunburns, loss of elasticity and wrinkles.


Keywords


ultraviolet; spf; sunscreen; aging; photoaging

Full Text:

PDF

References


Shanbhag S, Nayak A, Narayan R, Nayak UY. Anti-aging and Sunscreens: Paradigm Shift in Cosmetics. Adv Pharm Bull. 2019;9(3):348-359. doi:10.15171/apb.2019.042

J. F. Browder, B. Beers Oddziaływanie słonćca na skórę .„Medycyna po Dyplomie", Vol. 3, Nr 2/1994

W. B. Grant Role of solar UV radiation and vitamin D in human health and how to obtain vitamin D. “Expert Review of Dermatology”, Vol. 2, No 5/2007, pp. 563-577

R. P. Gallagher, T. K Lee Adverse effects of ultra- violet radiation: a brief review. “Prog Biophys Mol Biol.” 92 (1)2006, pp. 119-31

M. Błaszczyk-Kostanecka, H. Wolska Dermatologia w praktyce. PZWL 2005

N. H. Nicol, N. A. Fenske Photodamage: cause, clinical manifestations, and prevention “Dermatol. Nurs.” 5 (4)1993, pp. 263-275

Z.G.Coelho,W.Choi Short and long term effects of UV radiation on the pigmentation of human skin. “J. Investig Dermatol Symo.” 14 (1)2009, pp. 32-35

A. Knott, K. Reuschlein, R. Lucius, F. Stäb, H. Wenck, S. Gallinat Deregulation of versican and elastin binding protein in solar elastosis “Biogerontology” 10 (2)2009, pp. 181-190

Imokawa G. Mechanism of UVB-induced wrinkling of the skin: paracrine cytokine linkage between keratinocytes and fibroblasts leading to the stimulation of elastase. J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc. 2009;14(1):36-43. doi:10.1038/jidsymp.2009.11

Amaro-Ortiz A, Yan B, D'Orazio JA. Ultraviolet radiation, aging and the skin: prevention of damage by topical cAMP manipulation. Molecules. 2014;19(5):6202-6219. Published 2014 May 15. doi:10.3390/molecules19056202

Paul SP. Ensuring the Safety of Sunscreens, and Their Efficacy in Preventing Skin Cancers: Challenges and Controversies for Clinicians, Formulators, and Regulators. Front Med (Lausanne). 2019;6:195. Published 2019 Sep 4. doi:10.3389/fmed.2019.00195

Diffey B. Has the sun protection factor had its day?. BMJ. 2000;320(7228):176-177. doi:10.1136/bmj.320.7228.176

Heerfordt IM, Torsnes LR, Philipsen PA, Wulf HC. Photoprotection by sunscreen depends on time spent on application. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2018;34(2):117-121. doi:10.1111/phpp.12373

Young AR, Greenaway J, Harrison GI, et al. Sub-optimal Application of a High SPF Sunscreen Prevents Epidermal DNA Damage in Vivo. Acta Derm Venereol. 2018;98(9):880-887. doi:10.2340/00015555-2992


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska, EuroPub database, NLM Catalog Result - NCBI, BASE, Russian Sciences Index, Arianta.

https://zdb-katalog.de/title.xhtml?idn=1080187162

https://europub.co.uk/journals/22625

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Publisher and Editorial Office
Department of Physical Culture,
Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management,
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
Address: Str. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2019 = 100.00 ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

RG Journal Impact: 0.18 *

*This value is calculated using ResearchGate data and is based on average citation counts from work published in this journal. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive.

RG Journal impact history

2020Available summer 2021
2018 / 20190.18
20170.07
20160.03

RG Journal impact over time

RG Journal impact
0.180.160.140.120.100.080.060.040.02201620172018
  

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)

Partnerzy platformy czasopism