The knowledge of mothers in Poland on measles and its prevention - a survey study

Anna Korzeniowska, Gabriela Ręka, Halina Piecewicz-Szczęsna



Introduction and purpose: Measles is a highly contagious childhood rash disease. An effective way to prevent it is to give two doses of MMR vaccine. An increase in both the incidence of measles and vaccine refusal is observed.The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge of mothers having children under 18 years old about measles and MMR vaccination. It was decided to determine whether measles may turn out to be a threat to the population of our country.

Material and methods: A survey questionnaire has been made, which was disseminated on social networks in spring 2020. A total of 537 answers were collected. Data analysis was performed using MS Excel and Statistica. The results were compared with the literature from the last 5 years from PubMed and ResearchGate databases.

Results: The average test result was 10.33 out of 17 points. The questions with the highest number of correct answers concerned the obligation, the method of vaccine administration, the etiology of the disease and the method of infection. The problematic questions was the symptoms of measles, complications or the ways of preventing the disease. 8.6% of respondents said that they did not vaccinate their childaccording to the vaccination calendar, giving real contraindications and unreasonable reasons. It was shown that education, place of residence and age of the respondent statistically significantly affect the level of knowledge about measles. There was no correlation between the fact of vaccination and the level of knowledge about measles.

Conclusions: The level of knowledge of respondents is mediocre. Parents should receive reliable information about the threats of infectious diseases. Considering presented data, the disease may be a threat to the population of our country.


measles; knowledge; mothers; vaccination

Full Text:



Kc Leung A, Hon KL, Leong KF, Sergi CM. Measles: a disease often forgotten but not gone. Hong Kong Med J. 2018;24(5):512-520 [accessed on 31 May 2020]

Bogusz J, Paradowska-Stankiewicz I. Measles in Poland in 2017. Przegl Epidemiol. 2019;73(3):297-304

Rogalska J. Measles in Poland in 2013. Przegl Epidemiol. 2015;69(2):205-7, 335-8

Paradowska-Stankiewicz I, Rogalska J. Measles in Poland in 2014. Przegl Epidemiol. 2016;70(3):333-340

Korczyńska MR. Measles in Poland in 2015. Przegl Epidemiol. 2017;71(3):311-318

Bogusz J, Paradowska-Stankiewicz I. Measles in Poland in 2016. Przegl Epidemiol. 2018;72(3):267-274

Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia Publicznego - Państwowy Zakład Higieny, Zakład Epidemiologii Chorób Zakaźnych i Nadzoru, Główny Inspektorat Sanitarny, Departament Zapobiegania oraz Zwalczania Zakażeń i Chorób Zakaźnych u Ludzi; Choroby zakaźne i zatrucia w Polsce w 2019 roku; podstawowe tablice robocze – wstępne dane stan w dniu 15.04.2020 r.

Nowicka PM, Izdebski R, Kitowska W, Janiec J, Bogusz J, Radziszewski F, Henszel Ł. Review of measles-related events recorded by The National IHR Focal Point in Poland in the years 2016 - 2018. Przegl Epidemiol. 2019;73(1):3-18

Mrożek-Budzyn D, Kiełtyka A, Majewska R, Mróz E. What mothers know about vaccine preventable diseases? Przegl Epidemiol. 2017;71(4):595-602

Dońka K, Suwała M, Zarzycka D, Sobolewska-Samorek A, Paździor V. Vaccine attitudes and education of parents. Pielęgniarstwo XXI wieku. 2018;17(3):13-19

Tosun S, Olut AI, Tansug N. Adverse effects of single-component measles vaccine in school children. Vaccine. 2017;19;35(52):7309-7311

Spencer JP, Trondsen Pawlowski RH, Thomas S. Vaccine adverse events: separating myth from reality. Am Fam Physician. 2017;95(12):786-794.

Thorsteinsson EB, Draper A, Lykins AD. To vaccinate or not: the relative impact of attitudes toward autism spectrum disorders and the ability to interpret scientific information on vaccination decisions. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(7):2542

Gasparini R, Panatto D, Lai PL, Amicizia D. The "urban myth" of the association between neurological disorders and vaccinations. J Prev Med Hyg. 2015;56(1):E1–E8

Jain A, Marshall J, Buikema A, Bancroft T, Kelly JP, Newschaffer CJ. Autism occurrence by MMR vaccine status among US children with older siblings with and without autism. JAMA. 2015;313(15):1534-40

Dudley MZ. Do vaccines cause acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM)? In: Dudley MZ, Salmon DA, Halsey NA, Orenstein WA, Limaye RJ, O’Leary ST, Omer SB. The Clinician’s Vaccine Safety Resource Guide. Cham: Springer International Publishing;2018:173-177

Ma SJ, Xiong YQ, Jiang LN, Chen Q. Risk of febrile seizure after measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Vaccine. 2015;33(31):3636-49

Tan MS, Teoh EJ, Hor CP, Yeoh AAC. Measles-mumps-rubella vaccine for children with egg allergy: is admission for inpatient vaccination necessary?. Med J Malaysia. 2016;71(4):157-160.

Sánchez J, Ramírez R, Cardona R. The frequency of allergic reactions to the triple viral vaccine in 94 patients with egg allergy. Biomédica. 2018;38:514-520

Tuncel T, Sancakli O, Ozdogru E. Successful administration of measles-rubella-mumps vaccine by graded challenge in a case with anaphylaxis after prior vaccination. Arch Argent Pediatr. 2017;115(2):e89-e91/e89

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska, EuroPub database, NLM Catalog Result - NCBI, BASE, Russian Sciences Index, Arianta.

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:


PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Publisher and Editorial Office
Department of Physical Culture,
Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management,
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
Address: Str. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

RG Journal Impact: 0.18 *

*This value is calculated using ResearchGate data and is based on average citation counts from work published in this journal. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive.

RG Journal impact history

2020Available summer 2021
2018 / 20190.18

RG Journal impact over time

RG Journal impact

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski


Partnerzy platformy czasopism