Obesity and mental health

Justyna Dąbrowska, Magdalena Wójcik, Ilona Samek, Magdalena Jańczyk, Damian Bator, Joanna Milanowska

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JEHS.2020.10.06.022

Abstract


Introduction: Obesity is definied as having an excess of body weight caused by a chronic caloric imbalance with more calories being consumed than expended each day. There are over 2.1 billion individuals with obesity around the world. Body mass index (BMI), which is weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared, is used to identify individuals with obesity. For adults, a BMI of 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2 is defined as overweight and a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or higher is defined as obese.

The aim of the study: The purpose of this systemic review was to collect and analyse current and new information on obesity, its impact on mental health and vice versa.

Material and method: Standard criteria were used to review the literature data. The search of articles in the PubMed database was carried out using the following keywords: obesity, mental health, diet, depression, anxiety.

Description of the state of knowledge: There are numerous studies about obesity and other factors. Obesity can be the cause of depression, often due to stigma and discrimination, however depression could be also a reason of development of obesity. There was found bidirectional relationship – obesity increased the risk of depression by 55% and depression increased the risk of obesity by 58%. Studies show that anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be associated with obesity and considered as its risk factor. Another disorders, such as Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) may also cause obesity.

Summary: Obesity has complicated and multifactorial etiology. Discovered dependencies and conducted research will allow to find new therapeutic paths and isolate people at risk. However more research is needed to fully understand problem  of obesity and all its dependencies.


Keywords


obesity; mental health; diet; depression; anxiety

Full Text:

PDF

References


Pulgaron ER, Delamater AM. Obesity and type 2 diabetes in children: epidemiology and treatment. Curr Diab Rep. 2014 14(8):508. doi:10.1007/s11892-014-0508-y

Jensen MD, Ryan DH, Apovian CM, Ard JD, Comuzzie AG, et al. 2013 AHA/ACC/TOS guideline for the management of overweight and obesity in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and The Obesity Society [published correction appears in J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Jul 1;63(25 Pt B):3029-3030]. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 63(25 Pt B):2985‐3023. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2013.11.004

Prospective Studies Collaboration, Whitlock G, Lewington S, Sherliker P, Clarke R, et al. Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in 900 000 adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies. Lancet. 2009 373(9669):1083‐1096. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60318-4

Zhang H, Rodriguez-Monguio R. Racial disparities in the risk of developing obesity-related diseases: a cross-sectional study. Ethn Dis. 2012 22(3):308‐316.

Magallares A., Pais-Ribeiro J.L. Mental health and obesity: A meta-analysis. Appl. Res. Qual. Life. 2014 9:295–308. doi: 10.1007/s11482-013-9226-x.

Puhl RM, Heuer CA. Obesity stigma: important considerations for public health. Am J Public Health.

100(6):1019-28. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.159491.

Puhl R, Brownell KD. Bias, discrimination, and obesity. Obes Res. 2001 9(12):788‐805. doi:10.1038/oby.2001.108

Luppino F, deWit L, Bouvy P, Stijnen T, Cuijpers P, et al. Overweight, obesity and depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010 67:20–220. doi: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.2.

Needham BL, Epel ES, Adler NE, Kiefe C. Trajectories of change in obesity and symptoms of depression: the CARDIA study. Am J Public Health. 2010 100(6):1040‐1046. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.172809

Goodman E, Whitaker R. A prospective study of the role of depression in the development and persistence of adolescent obesity. Pediatrics. 2002 110(3):497–504. doi: 10.1542/peds.110.3.497.

Richardson LP, Davis R, Poulton R, McCauley E, Moffitt TE, et al. A longitudinal evaluation of adolescent depression and adult obesity. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003 157(8):739-45. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.157.8.739. PMID: 12912778.

Wurtman J, Wurtman R. The Trajectory from Mood to Obesity. Curr Obes Rep. 2018 7(1):1‐5. doi:10.1007/s13679-017-0291-6

Pinaquy S, Chabrol H, Simon C, Louvet JP, Barbe P. Emotional eating, alexithymia, and binge-eating disorder in obese women. Obes Res. 2003 11(2):195‐201. doi:10.1038/oby.2003.31

Geliebter A, Aversa A. Emotional eating in overweight, normal weight, and underweight individuals. Eat Behav. 2003 3(4):341‐347. doi:10.1016/s1471-0153(02)00100-9

Gariepy G, Nitka D, Schmitz N. The association between obesity and anxiety disorders in the population: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Obes (Lond). 2010 34(3):407‐419. doi:10.1038/ijo.2009.252

Silva I. Importance of emotional regulation in obesity and weight loss treatment. Fractal, Rev Psicol. 2015 27(3):286–290. doi: 10.1590/1984-0292/1503.

Heatherton TF, Baumeister RF. Binge eating as escape from self-awareness. Psychol Bull. 1991 110(1):86‐108. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.110.1.86

Perkonigg A, Owashi T, Stein MB, Kirschbaum C, Wittchen HU. Posttraumatic stress disorder and obesity: evidence for a risk association. Am J Prev Med 2009 36:1–8.

Scott KM, Bruffaerts R, Simon GE, Alonso J, Angermeyer M, et al. Obesity and mental disorders in the general population: results from the world mental health surveys. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 32(1):192‐200. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0803701

Pagoto SL, Schneider KL, Bodenlos JS, Appelhans BM, Whited MC, et al. Association of post-traumatic stress disorder and obesity in a nationally representative sample. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 20(1):200‐205. doi:10.1038/oby.2011.318

Mastorakos G, Zapanti E. The hypothalamic‐pituitary‐adrenal axis in the neuroendocrine regulation of food intake and obesity: the role of corticotropin releasing hormone. Nutr Neurosci 2004 7:271–280.

Evers C, Marijn Stok F, de Ridder DT. Feeding your feelings: emotion regulation strategies and emotional eating. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2010 36(6):792‐804. doi:10.1177/0146167210371383

Pervanidou P, Chrousos GP. Neuroendocrinology of post-traumatic stress disorder. Prog Brain Res. 2010 182:149‐160. doi:10.1016/S0079-6123(10)82005-9

Lagarde G, Doyon J, Brunet A. Memory and executive dysfunctions associated with acute posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2010 177(1-2):144‐149. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2009.02.002

Appelhans BM. Neurobehavioral inhibition of reward-driven feeding: implications for dieting and obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 17(4):640‐647. doi:10.1038/oby.2008.638

Nederkoorn C, Smulders FT, Havermans RC, Roefs A, Jansen A. Impulsivity in obese women. Appetite.

47(2):253‐256. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2006.05.008

Rosenthal NE, Sack DA, Gillin JC, Lewy AJ, Goodwin FK, et al. Seasonal affective disorder. A description of the syndrome and preliminary findings with light therapy. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1984 41(1):72-80. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1984.01790120076010

Rosenthal NE, Genhart MJ, Caballero B, Jacobsen FM, Skwerer RG, et al. Psychobiological effects of carbohydrate- and protein-rich meals in patients with seasonal affective disorder and normal controls. Biol Psychiatry. 1989 25(8):1029-1040. doi:10.1016/0006-3223(89)90291-6

Kräuchi K, Wirz-Justice A. The four seasons: food intake frequency in seasonal affective disorder in the course of a year. Psychiatry Res. 1988 25(3):323-338. doi:10.1016/0165-1781(88)90102-3

Wurtman JJ, Brzezinski A, Wurtman RJ, Laferrere B. Effect of nutrient intake on premenstrual depression. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989 161(5):1228-1234. doi:10.1016/0002-9378(89)90671-6

Wurtman RJ, Wurtman JJ. Brain serotonin, carbohydrate-craving, obesity and depression. Obes Res. 1995 3 Suppl 4:477S-480S. doi:10.1002/j.1550-8528.1995.tb00215.x

Bertone-Johnson ER, Hankinson SE, Willett WC, Johnson SR, Manson JE. Adiposity and the development of premenstrual syndrome. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2010 19(11):1955-1962. doi:10.1089/jwh.2010.2128

Li S, Zhao JH, Luan J, Luben RN, Rodwell SA, et al. Cumulative effects and predic-tive value of common obesity-susceptibility variants identified by genome-wide association studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 91(1):184-190. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.28403.

Price RA, Gottesman II. Body fat in identical twins reared apart: roles for genes and environment. Behavior Genetics. 1991 21(1):1-7.

Schousboe K, Visscher PM, Erbas B, Kyvik KO, Hopper JL, et al. Twin study of genetic and environmental influences on adult body size, shape, and composition. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004 28(1):39-48.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska, EuroPub database, NLM Catalog Result - NCBI, BASE, Russian Sciences Index, Arianta.

https://zdb-katalog.de/title.xhtml?idn=1080187162

https://europub.co.uk/journals/22625

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Publisher and Editorial Office
Department of Physical Culture,
Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management,
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
Address: Str. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

RG Journal Impact: 0.18 *

*This value is calculated using ResearchGate data and is based on average citation counts from work published in this journal. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive.

RG Journal impact history

2020Available summer 2021
2018 / 20190.18
20170.07
20160.03

RG Journal impact over time

RG Journal impact
0.180.160.140.120.100.080.060.040.02201620172018
  

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)

Partnerzy platformy czasopism