Urinary tract infection in children

Monika Kusz, Adam Alzubedi, Agnieszka Maślak, Paulina Pawluczuk, Paweł Polski

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JEHS.2020.10.06.014

Abstract


Urinary tract infections are considered to be one of the most common bacterial infection in children. In 30 % of children with anomalies of urinary tract , urinary tract infection (UTI) can be the first sign. UTIs are classified according to site, symptoms or episode. E. coli is responsible for 80-90 % of acute pyelonephritis episodes. Symptoms include fever, dysuria, tenderness in the lower abdomen are typical for older children, whereas for younger are non-specific. Diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms, abnormal urine analysis and growth on urine culture. Urine culture is still a gold standard for diagnosing urinary tract infections. Antibiotics are usually effective, although antibiotics resistance is still an increasing problem.


Keywords


urinary tract infections; bacteriuria; urine analysis

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References


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