Age of peak performance of elite men in middle- and long-distance running in the Czech Republic between 1945–2019

Petr Bahenský, Tomáš Tlustý

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JEHS.2020.10.05.019

Abstract


Background: A peak performance age depends on several variables.

Objective: The aim of our study was to identify the peak performance age of athletes in the Czech Republic in terms of middle- and long-distance running and to find out whether it has changed over the years that is between 1945 and 2019.

Methods: We determined the peak performance age of top fifty, twenty and five runners each year. 22,350 available performances were analysed. Sources of our data were the yearbooks of the Czech Athletic Federation. We have also analysed the differences in peak performance ages across individual disciplines. To determine the statistical significance of the age difference of runners competing on individual tracks, we used the t-test, and through Cohen's d we determined the practical significance of these differences.

Results: The peak performance age is significantly higher (p = .0015 and less) for longer tracks as each shorter track demonstrated lower peak performance age. The age of the best runners in Czech Republic: 800 m: 23.92±1.77 years, 1500 m: 24.97±1.65, 3000 m steeple: 26.07±2.26 years, 5000 m: 26.51±2.30 years, 10000 m: 27.91±4.03 years, marathon: 30.88±2.42 years. We have observed the lowest age of runners during the period starting in the late 1960s to the mid-1980s.

Conclusions: The longer the track is, the higher the age of peak performance. This agrees with the physiological requirements of each disciplines, and it also corresponds with the maturity level of European athletes.


Keywords


running; peak performance age; history; middle- and long-distance running; Czech Republic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aschmann A, Knechtle B, Cribari M, Rüst CA, Onywera V, Rosemann T, Lepers R. Performance and age of African and non-African runners in half-and full marathons held in Switzerland, 2000–2010. Open access journal of sports medicine. 2013; 4: 183.

Knechtle B, Aschmann A, Onywera V, Nikolaidis PT, Rosemann T, Rüst CA. Performance and age of African and non-African runners in World Marathon Majors races 2000–2014. Journal of sports sciences. 2017; 35(10): 1012-1024.

Schulz R, Curnow C. Peak performance and age among superathletes: track and field, swimming, baseball, tennis, and golf. Journal of Gerontology. 1988; 43(5): 113-120.

Bompa TO. Total Training for Young Champions. Proven conditioning programs for athletes ages 6 to 18. Humans Kinetics. 2000.

Vobr R. Vývoj věku vrcholné výkonnosti v atletice, plavání, běžeckém lyžování, ledním hokeji a fotbalu v letech 1970-2007. [Development of the age of top performance in athletics, swimming, cross-country skiing, ice hockey and football in the years 1970-2007]. University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice. 2009. Czech.

Vobr R. Identification of peak performance age in track and field athletics. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2014; 14(1): 238-251.

Neumann G, Pfützner A, Berbalk A. Successful endurance training. Meyer & Meyer Verlag. 2000.

Noakes T. Lore of running. Human Kinetics. 2003.

McArdle WD, Katch FI, Katch VL. Essentials of exercise physiology (International ed.). Philadelphia [etc.]: Wolters Kluwer. 2016.

Bahenský P. Success of elite adolescent female runners in adulthood. Studia Sportiva. 2019; 13(1): 6-16.

Bahenský P, Bunc V. Trénink mládeže v bězích na střední a dlouhé tratě. [Training of Young Runners in Medium and Long-Distance Tracks]. Prague. Karolinum. 2018. Czech.

Callender SS. The Early Specialization of Youth in Sports. Athletic Training & Sports Health Care. 2010; 2(6): 255-257.

Kenney WL, Wilmore J, Costill D. Physiology of Sport and Exercise 6th Edition. Human kinetics. 2015.

Moss D, Dick RW. Avoid Early Specialization for Runners. Tricks of the Trade for Middle Distance, Distance & Cross-Country Running. 2004; 6(1): 4-9.

Hollings SC, Hopkins WG, Hume PA. Age at peak performance of successful track & field athletes. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 2014; 9(4): 651-661.

Janecký A, Kohlmann Č, Nestával J, Sýkora M. Lehkoatletické výkony 1952. [Athletics outcomes 1952]. Prague. Nakladatelství Orbis Praha. 1953. Czech.

Kohlmann Č. Lehkoatletické výkony 1969. [Athletics outcomes 1969]. Prague. Czech Athletic union. 1969. Czech.

Skočovský M, Klvaňa V, Brandejský P, Alter M, Dvořák S, Hetfleiš J, . . . Šroubek V. Tabulky České republiky 2006, mužské složky. [Tables of the Czech Republic 2006, male components]. In: M. Urban, editor. Atletické výkony 2006 [Athletics outcomes 1969]. Prague. Czech Athletic union. 2006. 102-159. Czech.

Jirka J, Popper J, Hrnčíř J, Skočovský M, Vaněk K, Vomáčka V. Malá encyklopedie atletiky. [A small encyclopedia of athletics]. Prague. Olympie. 1990. Czech.

Jirka J, Havlín J, Hrnčíř S, Macák F, Trkal V, Fikejz J, . . . Vyčichlo J. et al. Sto let královny. [One hundred years of the queen]. Prague. Iris. 1997. Czech.

Slavík H, Osoba M. 120 let české atletiky. [120 years of Czech athletics]. Prague. Czech Athletic union. 2016. Czech.

Ptáčníková S. Organizační vývoj Správy tělovýchovy a vrcholového sportu FMV a jejích nástupců v letech 1974 – 1993. [Organizational development of the Administration of Physical Education and Top Sport FMV and its successors in the years 1974 - 1993] Internet version of the Proceedings AMV 1/2003. [online]. 2014 [cit. 2014-02-23]. Available from: http://www.abscr.cz/data/pdf/sbornik/sbornik1-2003/vyvoj_stvs.pdf .

Bahenský P, Tlustý P. Analýza vývoje výkonnosti v běhu mužů na 5000 m v ČR 1945–2016. [Analysis of the development of performance capacity in men’s 5,000 meter run in the Czech Republic during 1945–2016]. Studia Kinanthropologica. 2017; 18(2): 97-107.

Nikolaidis PT, Onywera VO, Knechtle B. Running performance, nationality, sex, and age in the 10-km, half-marathon, marathon, and the 100-km ultramarathon IAAF 1999–2015. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2017; 31(8): 2189-2207.

Janssen I, Katzmarzyk PT, Boyce WF, Vereecken C, Mulvihill C, Roberts C, ... Pickett W. Comparison of overweight and obesity prevalence in school-aged youth from 34 countries and their relationships with physical activity and dietary patterns. Obesity Reviews. 2005; 6(2): 123-132.

Allen SV, Hopkins WG. Age of peak competitive performance of elite athletes: a systematic review. Sports Medicine. 2015; 45(10): 1431-1441.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska, EuroPub database, NLM Catalog Result - NCBI, BASE, Russian Sciences Index, Arianta.

https://zdb-katalog.de/title.xhtml?idn=1080187162

https://europub.co.uk/journals/22625

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Publisher and Editorial Office
Department of Physical Culture,
Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management,
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
Address: Str. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

 

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)

Partnerzy platformy czasopism