Electronic cigarettes and their effects on human health

Maciej Majewski, Izabela Chruścicka, Justyna Buchta, Dominika Egierska, Paulina Burzyńska, Paulina Pietruszka, Michał Perszke, Aleksander Całkosiński

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JEHS.2020.10.04.010

Abstract


In the last decade electronic cigarettes also known as e-cigarettes have gained popularity. These are devices designed to imitate regular cigarettes. They provide nicotine via inhalation without using tabacco. The introduction of alternative nicotine delivery devices to the consumer market has inspired a vivid debate on the harmfulness of these products. It is discussed whether they are regulated, safe and as harmless as it is claimed. The purpose of this article was to describe the chemical composition of the e-cigarettes and its influence on human’s health. The devices contain many various groups of potentially toxic and carcinogenic compounts: carbonyls, volatile organic compounts and nitrosamines. The researchs has shown that e-cigarettes contain significantly lower concentration of those substances than the traditional cigarettes. On the other hand, it should be remembered that scientists still do not know potential long term pathologies caused by the liquids.


Keywords


cigarettes; tobacco; health; nicotine

Full Text:

PDF

References


Zdrojewicz Z, Pypno D, Bugaj B, Burzyńska A. Elektroniczne papierosy: Wpływ na zdrowie, nikotynowa terapia zastȩpcza, regulacje prawne. Pediatr i Med Rodz. 2017;13(1):63-71. doi:10.15557/PiMR.2017.0006

Stępniowska A, Kowalczyk M, Cholewińska E, Ognik K. E-papierosy – pomoc w rzuceniu palenia czy zagrożenie ? 2017;52(2):86-95.

Sobczak A. Czy przejście na elektroniczne papierosy redukuje szkody w układzie sercowo-naczyniowym wywołane paleniem tytoniu ? 2018;21(2):177-184.

Theron AJ, Feldman C, Richards G, Tintinger GR, Anderson R. Electronic cigarettes: Where to from here? J Thorac Dis. 2019;11(12):5572-5585. doi:10.21037/jtd.2019.11.82

Harrell PT, Simmons VN, Correa JB, Padhya TA, Brandon TH. Electronic nicotine delivery systems (“E-cigarettes”): Review of safety and smoking cessation efficacy. Otolaryngol - Head Neck Surg (United States). 2014;151(3):381-393. doi:10.1177/0194599814536847

Cheah NP, Chong NWL, Tan J, Morsed FA, Yee SK. Electronic nicotine delivery systems: Regulatory and safety challenges: Singapore perspective. Tob Control. 2014;23(2):119-125. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2012-050483

Goniewicz ML, Kuma T, Gawron M, Knysak J, Kosmider L. Nicotine levels in electronic cigarettes. Nicotine Tob Res. 2013;15(1):158-166. doi:10.1093/ntr/nts103

Eissenberg T. Electronic nicotine delivery devices: Ineffective nicotine delivery and craving suppression after acute administration. Tob Control. 2010;19(1):87-88. doi:10.1136/tc.2009.033498

Cobb NK, Byron MJ, Abrams DB, Shields PG. Novel nicotine delivery systems and public health: The rise of the “E-Cigarette.” Am J Public Health. 2010;100(12):2340-2342. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2010.199281

Pellegrino RM, Mangiaracina G, Vitali M, Protano C. Ultrafine Aerosol Generation Sources in Indoor Environments-Passive exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke View project. 2011;(October 2014).

Cheng T. Chemical evaluation of electronic cigarettes. Tob Control. 2014;23(SUPPL. 2). doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051482

Meo SA, Al Asiri SA. Effects of electronic cigarette smoking on human health. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2014;18(21):3315-3319.

Napierała M, Kulza M, Wachowiak A, Jabłecka K, Florek E. Elektroniczne papierosy - wpływ na zdrowie. Dotychczasowe doniesienia. Przegla̧d Lek. 2014;71(11):644-647.

Colaianni CA, Tapias LF, Cauley R, Sheridan R, Schulz JT, Goverman J. Interesting Case Series Injuries Caused by Explosion of Electronic Cigarette.

McMillen RC, Gottlieb MA, Whitmore Shaefer RM, Winickoff JP, Klein JD. Trends in electronic cigarette use among U.S. adults: Use is increasing in both smokers and nonsmokers. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015;17(10):1195-1202. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntu213

Lippi G, Favaloro EJ, Meschi T, Mattiuzzi C, Borghi L, Cervellin G. E-cigarettes and cardiovascular risk: Beyond science and mysticism. Semin Thromb Hemost. 2014;40(1):60-65. doi:10.1055/s-0033-1363468

Suter MA, Mastrobattista J, Sachs M, Aagaard K. 2015 - Suter - Is there evidence. 2016:1-17. doi:10.1002/bdra.23333.Is

Czogala J, Goniewicz ML, Fidelus B, Zielinska-Danch W, Travers MJ, Sobczak A. Secondhand exposure to vapors from electronic cigarettes. Nicotine Tob Res. 2014;16(6):655-662. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntt203

Ślęzak D, Nadolny K, Synoweć J. Czy e-papierosy są mniej szkodliwe od tradycyjnych? Med Rodz. 2017;20(4):0-3. doi:10.25121/mr.2017.20.4.310


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska, EuroPub database, NLM Catalog Result - NCBI, BASE, Russian Sciences Index, Arianta.

https://zdb-katalog.de/title.xhtml?idn=1080187162

https://europub.co.uk/journals/22625

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Publisher and Editorial Office
Department of Physical Culture,
Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management,
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
Address: Str. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

 

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)

Partnerzy platformy czasopism