Health problem resulting from the use of e - cigarettes

Barbara Maziarz, Magdalena Makarewicz, Magdalena Kubicka, Katarzyna Łapa, Barbara Nieradko-Iwanicka



Introduction: Electric smoking devices called e-cigarettes are gaining more and more popularity nowadays and vaping  is becoming more and more fashionable. However their use contributes to the emergence of new health  problems like lipoid pneumonia associated with vaporization.

Purpose: The purpose of the work is to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of e-cigarettes and to assess the risk of their use compared to traditional forms of smoking.

Method: The article is a review of recent publicatopns available in the PubMed database.  It was searched on January 20th 2020 with key words ‘e-cigarettes’, ‘vaping’, ‘health problems’. After analyzing several dozen abstracts, 18 full-text publications were selected for review.

Summary: In conclusion: vaping carries the risk of thermal injury and  chemical burns caused by damage of the device, it leads to an increase in the number of vaping- addicted youth, and can also cause shortness of breath, chest pain, cough, hemoptysis, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, chills, weight loss, fatigue , malaise, headache, fever, tachycardia, tachypnoe, hypoxemia,  low white blood cel count, lipoid pneumonia and pneumothorax in users.


e-cigarettes; vaping; health problems

Full Text:



Cobb NK, Abrams DB. E-cigarettes or Drug- Delivery Device? Regulating Novel Nicoti-ne Producs, N Engl J Med. 2011;365(3):193-5.

Etter JF, Bullen C. A longitudinal study of electronic cigarette users. Addict Behav. 2014; 39 : 491–4.

Hajek P, Phillips-Waller A, Przulj D, Pesola F, Myers Smith K, A Randomized Trial of E-Cigarettes versus Nicotine-Replacement Therapy N Engl J Med. 2019 ;380(7):629-637

Patil S., Arakeri G., Patil S., Baeshen H. Are electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDs) helping cigarette smokers quit? – A current evidence, Journal of Oral Pathology & Medi-cine, 2019; 00: 1–9.

Jackson S, Beard E, Michie S, West R, Brown J, Is the use of e-cigarettes for smoking cessation associated with alcohol consumption? A population-level survey of successful quitters in England, Addictive Behaviors, 2020;101: 106-138.

Brownson EG, Thompson CM, Goldsberry S, Chong HJ, JB Friedrich, Pham TN, Arbabi S,Carrougher GJ, Gibran NS Explosion Injuries from E-Cigarettes. N Engl J Med 2016; 375:1400-1402,DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc1608478.

Jones CD, Ho W, Gunn E, Widdowson D, Bahia H.E-cigarette burn injuries: Compre-hensive review and management guidelines proposal. Burns.2019;45(4): 763-771.

Hswen Y, Brownstein J, Real-Time Digital Surveillance of Vaping-Induced Pulmonary Disease, N Engl J Med. 2019, 381:1778-1780.

Butt YM, Smith ML, Tazelaar HD. Pathology of Vaping-Associated Lung Injury, N Engl J Med; 2019, 381:1780-1781.

Mukhopadhyay S, Mehrad M, Dammert P. Lung Biopsy Findings in Severe Pulmonary Illness Associated With E-Cigarette Use (Vaping): A Report of Eight Cases, Am J Clin Pathol.2019; 153: 30–39.

Layden JE, Ghinai I, Pray I, Kimball A, Layer M, Tenforde MW, Navon L, Hoots B,Salvatore PP, Elderbrook M, Haupt T, Kanne J, et al. Pulmonary Illness Related to E-Cigarette Use in Illinois and Wisconsin — Preliminary Report. N Engl J Med 2020; 382:903-916.

Davidson K, Brancato A, Heetderks P, Outbreak of Electronic-Cigarette–Associated Acute Lipoid Pneumonia — North Carolina, July–August 2019, MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019 ; 68(36): 784–786.

Bonilla A, Blair A, Alamro S. Recurrent spontaneous pneumothoraces and vaping in an 18-year-old man: a case report and review of the literature, Journal of Medical Case Re-ports. 2019; 283 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13256-019-2215-4.

Colorado Department of Health and Environment. Colorado Vaping-Associated Illness Outbreak Report. cited on March 8th 2020.

Patrick ME, O’Malley M et al. Trends in Reported Marijuana Vaping Among US Adole-scents, 2017-2019. JAMA. 2020;323(5):475-476.

Miech R, Johnston L, O’Malley PM, Bachman JG. Adolescent Vaping and Nicotine Use in 2017–2018 — U.S. National Estimates. N Engl J Med 2019; 380:192-193

DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc1814130

Barrington Trimis JL, Leventhal AM. Adolescents’ Use of “Pod Mod” E-Cigarettes — Urgent Concerns. N Engl J Med 2018;379:1099-1102.

Werley M., Kirkpatrick D., Oldham M., Jerome A. Toxicological assessment of a proto-type e-cigaret device and three flavor formulations: a 90-day inhalation study in rats. In-hal Toxicol. 2016 ; 28(1): 22–38.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska, EuroPub database, NLM Catalog Result - NCBI, BASE, Russian Sciences Index, Arianta.

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:


PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Publisher and Editorial Office
Department of Physical Culture,
Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management,
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
Address: Str. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2019 = 100.00 ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

RG Journal Impact: 0.18 *

*This value is calculated using ResearchGate data and is based on average citation counts from work published in this journal. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive.

RG Journal impact history

2020Available summer 2021
2018 / 20190.18

RG Journal impact over time

RG Journal impact

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski


Partnerzy platformy czasopism