Maciej Ryczkowski



The goal of the paper is to compare nonstandard solutions implemented by Federal Reserve System, European Central Bank and National Bank of Poland in response to the outbreak of a subrime crisis in United States and to debt crisis in European Union. For that purpose there is carried out a comparative, descriptive analysis of institutional steps taken by the three central banks and the governments to preserve macroeconomic stability. The nonstandard measures allowed to avoid a comeback of the Great Depression and restored market’s confidence, unfortunately at the cost of decreased resilience for future possible crises along with many other medium and long run unintended consequences.


nonstandard monetary policy measures; deflation trap; liquidity trap

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ISSN 1898-2255 (print)
ISSN 2392-1625 (online)

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