The Ebullient Transhumanist and the Sober Theologian
Keywordstranshumanism, H , superintelligence, Singularity, radical life extension, cybernetic immortality, Gnosticism, public theology
AbstractThe worldwide transhumanist (H+) movement upgrades technological hopes and expectations to a level of religious fervor. When looking through the eyes of the public theologian, we see in H+ a disguised religion replete with faith in techno-salvation and even immortality. This is unrealistic. Apologetic theologians can offer the wider public a more realistic assessment of technology's potential while providing genuine hope in a future vision based on divine promise.
Alexander, Brian, 2003. Rapture: How Biotech Became the New Religion. New York: Basic Books.
Barbour, Ian G., 1999. "Neuroscience, Artificial Intelligence, and Human Nature: Theological and Philosophical Reflections." Zygon 34:3 (September) 361-398.
Bostrom, Nick, 2019. "What is Transhumanism?" https://nickbostrom.com/tra/values.html.
Cannon, Lincoln. 2015. "What is Mormon Transhumanism?" Theology and Science 13:2 (May) 202-218.
Cole-Turner, Ronald. 2015. "Going Beyond the Human: Christians and Other Transhumanists." Theology and Science 13:2 (May) 150-161.
Curran, Ian. 2017. "Becoming godlike? The Incarnation and the Challenge of Transhumanism." Christian Century 134:24 (November 22) 22-25.
DeGrey, Aubrey. 2009. "Radical Life Extension: Technological Aspects." Religion and the Implications of Radical Life Extension, eds., Derek F. Maher and Calvin Mercer. New York: Macmillan Palgrave; 13-24.
DeGrey, Aubrey. 2016. "Forever Young." https://stemcellpodcast.com/ep-62-forever-young-featuring-dr-aubrey-de-grey.
Foerst, Anne (1998) "Cog, a Humanoid Robot, and the Question of the Image of God," Zygon 33:1 (March) 91-112.
Francis, His Holiness. 2015. Communion and Stewardship: Human Persons Created in the Image of God. The Vatican: International Theological Commission, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/cti_documents/re_con_cfaith_doc.
Francis Fukuyama, Francis, 2004. "Transhumanism: The World's Most Dangerous Idea." Foreign Policy 144: 42-43.
Green, Brian Patrick. 2015. "Transhumanism and Roman Catholicism: Imagined and Real Tensions." Theology and Science 13:2 (May) 187-201.
Green, Brian Patrick. 2018. "Ethical Reflections on Artificial Intelligence." Science et Fides 6:2: 1-23. http://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/SetF.2018.015/15729.
Harari, Yuval Noah. 2017. Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow. New York: Harper.
Herzfeld, Noreen L., 2002. In Our Image: Artificial Intellitgence and the Human Spirit. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.
Humanity +, 2018. https://humanityplus.org/ .
Investopedia. 2018. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/artificial-intelligence-ai.asp .
Jones, D. Gareth, 2010. "A Christian Perspective on Human Enhancement," Science and Christian Belief 22:2: 14-16.
Kirkwood, Thomas B.L. 2008. “A systematic look at an old problem,” Nature 451: 7179: 644-647 (7 February ) 645.
Anne Kull, Anne. 2016. "Cyborg or Religious? Technonature and Technoculture." Science et Fides 4:1 (January) 295-311. http://apcz.umk.pl/SetF/article/view/SetF.2016.016/8762 .
Kurzweil, Ray, 2005. The Singularity is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology. New York: Penguin.
Kwon, Diana. 2018. "Self-Taught Robots," Scientific American 318:3 (March ) 26-31.
LaTorra, Michael, 2015. "What is Buddhist Transhumanism?" Theology and Science 13:2: 219-229.
Levy, Neil, 2016. "The Earthling's Secret Weapon: Cumulative Culture and the Singularity, Science, Religion and Culture 3:1: 19-30; file:///C:/Users/Ted/Downloads/1468597863SRC_3_1_19-30%20(3).pdf .
Lynch, Michael Patrick. 2018. Cited by The Guardian, "Where is the boundary between your phone and your mind?" (December 9); https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/dec/09/tech-mind-body-boundary-facebook-google?CMP=share_btn_link
More, Max, 2005. "The Philosophy of Transhumanism," http://media.johnwiley.com.au/product_data/excerpt/10/11183343/1118334310-109.pdf .
Pelikan, Jaroslav, 1971-1989. The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine. 5 Volumes: Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Peters, Ted, 2009. “Afterword: Theological, Spiritual and Ethical Reflections on Radical Life Extension.”Religion and the Implications of Radical Life Extension, edited by Derek Maher and Calvin Mercer. New York: Palgrave Macmillan; 155-168.
Peters, Ted, 2010. “Can We Enhance the Imago Dei?” Human Identity at the Intersection of Science, Technology, and Religion, edited by Nancey Murphy and Christopher C. Knight. Aldershot UK: Ashgate; 215-238.
Peters, Ted, 2011. “Transhumanism and the Post-Human Future: Will Technological Progress Get us There?” H+ Transhumanism and Its Critics, edited by William Grassie and Gregory Hansell. Philadelphia: Metanexus Institute; 147-175.
Peters, Ted, 2016. "Outer Space and Cyber Space: Meeting ETI in the Cloud," International Journal of Astrobiology doi:10.1017/S1473550416000318 © Cambridge University Press.
Peters, Ted, 2018a. "Imago Dei, DNA, and the Transhuman Way"Theology and Science 16:3 (August).353-362. https://doi.org/10.1080/14746700.2018.1488529 .
Peters, Ted, 2018b. "Markers of Human Creaturehood: Soil, Spirit, and Salvation." Science and Christian Belief 30:2:143-154.
Peters, Ted, 2018c. "Radical life extension, cybernetic immortality, and techno-salvation. Really?" Dialog 57:4 (December) https://doi.org/10. 1111/dial.12432 .
Peters, Ted, 2018d. “Public Theology: Its Pastoral, Apologetic, Scientific, Political, and Prophetic Tasks,” International Journal of Public Theology 12:2: 153-177; https://brill.com/abstract/journals/ijpt/12/1/ijpt.12.issue-1.xml .
Pryor, Adam, 2016. "Cyborg Bodies as the Subject of Ultimate Concern," Bulletin of the North American Paul Tillich Society 42:3 (Summer 2016 ) 13-19; http://www.napts.org/assets/newsletters/NB423.pdf .
Russell, Stuart, 2016. "Should We Fear Supersmart Robots?" Scientific American 314:6 (June ) 58-59. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/should-we-fear-supersmart-robots/.
Singh, Sarwandt, 2017. "Transhumanism and the Future of Humanity: 7 Ways the World Will Change by 2030," Forbes (November 20); https://www.forbes.com/sites/sarwantsingh/2017/11/20/transhumanism-and-the-future-of-humanity-seven-ways-the-world-will-change-by-2030/#430a779a7d79
Tillich, Paul, 1951-1963. Systematic Theology. 3 Volumes: Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Tirosch-Samuelson, Hava. 2018. "In Pursuit of Perfection: The Misguided Transhumanist Vision." Theology and Science 16:2 (May) 200-223.
Tracy, David, 1994. On Naming the Present: God, Hermeneutics, and Church. Maryknoll NY and London: Orbis and SCM Press.
Vinge, Verner, 1992. "What is the Singularity," https://mindstalk.net/vinge/vinge-sing.html.
Wertheim, Margaret, 1999. The Pearly Gates of Cyberspace: A History of Space from Dante to the Internet. New York: W.W. Norton.
Young, Simon. 2006. Designer Evolution: A Transhumanist Manifesto. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.
How to Cite
CC BY ND 4.0. The Creator/Contributor is the Licensor, who grants the Licensee a non-exclusive license to use the Work on the fields indicated in the License Agreement.
- The Licensor grants the Licensee a non-exclusive license to use the Work/related rights item specified in § 1 within the following fields: a) recording of Work/related rights item; b) reproduction (multiplication) of Work/related rights item in print and digital technology (e-book, audiobook); c) placing the copies of the multiplied Work/related rights item on the market; d) entering the Work/related rights item to computer memory; e) distribution of the work in electronic version in the open access form on the basis of Creative Commons license (CC BY-ND 3.0) via the digital platform of the Nicolaus Copernicus University Press and file repository of the Nicolaus Copernicus University.
- Usage of the recorded Work by the Licensee within the above fields is not restricted by time, numbers or territory.
- The Licensor grants the license for the Work/related rights item to the Licensee free of charge and for an unspecified period of time.
FULL TEXT License Agreement
Number of views and downloads: 297
Number of citations: 1