Stephen Jay Gould and Karl Popper on Science and Religion
KeywordsStephen Jay Gould, Karl Popper, science and religion, non-overlapping magisterial, independence dialogue
This paper analyzes the thought on science and religion of two thinkers that share essentially the same position: Stephen Jay Gould and Karl Popper. We first make a comparison between those passages of their works where this similarity emerges more explicitly. We then recall some of the critiques that have been extended to Gould on this topic; they can be extended to Popper as well. Moreover, we highlight another critical issue—taken from evolutionary theory—that Gould’s theorization is not able to handle adequately from the theological standpoint. We finally place Gould’s proposal inside Barbour’s fourfold typology for the science-religion relationship, and we conclude by recommending further critical reflection on these interdisciplinary issues.
Alexander, D. R. 2013. “The Implications of Evolutionary Biology for Religious Belief.” In The Philosophy of Biology: A Companion for Educators, edited by K. Kampourakis, 179–204. Dordrecht: Springer.
Artigas, M. 1979. Karl Popper. Búsqueda sin término. Madrid: Magisterio Español.
Artigas, M. 1998. “The Ethical Roots of Karl Popper’s Epistemology.” Acta Philosophica 7: 197–233.
Artigas, M. 1999. The Ethical Nature of Karl Popper’s Theory of Knowledge: Including Popper’s Unpublished Comments on Bartley and Critical Rationalism, edited by I. Slade. Bern: Peter Lang.
Artigas, M. 2002. “Popper Biography and Something More.” Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32: 387–401.
Artigas, M. 2005. “El cordero y el león. Ciencia y religion en Stephen Jay Gould.” Scripta Theologica 37: 141–158.
Barbour, I. G. 1998. Religion and Science: Historical and Contemporary Issues. A Revised and Expanded Edition of Religion in an Age of Science. London: SCM Press LTD.
Dennett, D. C. 2006. Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon. New York: Viking.
Giberson, K., and M. Artigas. 2007. Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists versus God and Religion. New York: Oxford University Press.
Gould, S. J. 1989. Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Gould, S. J. 1996. Full House: The Spread of Excellence from Plato to Darwin. New York: Harmony Book.
Gould, S. J. 1997. “Nonoverlapping Magisteria.” Natural History 106:16–22.
Gould, S. J. 2002 . Rocks of Ages: Science and Religion in the Fullness of Life. New York: Ballantine Books.
Gould, S. J. 2011 . Leonardo’s Mountain of Clams and the Diet of Worms: Essays on Natural History. New York: Harmony Books. Kelley, Patricia H. 2009. “Stephen Jay Gould’s Winnowing Fork: Science, Religion, and Creationism.” In Stephen Jay Gould: Reflections on His View of Life, edited by W. D. Allmon, P. H. Kelley, and R. M. Ross, 171–188. New York: Oxford University Press.
McMullin, Ernan. 1998. “Cosmic Purpose and the Contingency of Human Evolution.” Theology Today 55: 389–414.
McMullin, Ernan. 2011. “Varieties of Methodological Naturalism.” In The Nature of Nature: Examining the Role of Naturalism in Science, edited by B. L. Gordon, and W. A. Dembski, 82–94. Wilmington DE: Isi Books.
Murray, M. J. 2009. “Science and Religion in Constructive Engagement.” In Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Theology, edited by O. D. Crisp, and M. C. Rea, 233–247. New York: Oxford University Press.
Orr, H. A. 1999. “Gould on God: Can Religion and Science Be Happily Reconciled?” Boston Review. Accessed May 17, 2016. http://new.bostonreview.net/BR24.5/orr.html.
Peters, T. 1998. “Science and Theology: Toward Consonance.” In Science and Theology: The New Consonance, edited by T. Peters, 11–39. Boulder CO: Westview Press.
Pievani, T. 2009. “The World after Charles R. Darwin: Continuity, Unity in Diversity, Contingency.” Rendiconti Lincei: Scienze Fisiche e Naturali 20: 355–361.
Pievani, T. 2011. La vita inaspettata. Il fascino di un’evoluzione che non ci aveva previsto. Milano: Raffaello Cortina Editore.
Pigliucci, M. 2014. “5 Questions on Science & Religion.” In Science and Religion: 5 Questions, edited by G. D. Caruso, 163–169. Copenhagen: Automatic Press / VIP.
Popper, K. 2008. After the Open Society: Selected Social and Political Writings, edited
by J. Shearmur, and P. N. Turner. New York: Routledge.
Ruse, M. 1999. “Review of Stephen Jay Gould’s “Rocks of Ages.” Accessed May 17, 2016. http://www.metanexus.net/book-review/review-stephen-jay-goulds-rocks-ages.
Ruse, M. 2010. “Atheism, Naturalism and Science: Three in One?” In The Cambridge Companion to Science and Religion, edited by P. Harrison, 229–243. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Ruse, M. 2015. Atheism: What Everyone Needs to Know®. New York: Oxford University Press. Stenmark, M. 2004. “Contemporary Darwinism and Religion.” In Darwinian Heresies, edited by A. Lustig, R. J. Richards, and M. Ruse, 173–191. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Ruse, M. 2004. How to Relate Science and Religion: A Multidimensional Model. Grand Rapids MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.
Stoeger, W. R. 2013. “Ernan McMullin on Contingency, Cosmic Purpose, and the Atemporality of the Creator.” Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science 48: 329–337.
How to Cite
CC BY ND 4.0. The Creator/Contributor is the Licensor, who grants the Licensee a non-exclusive license to use the Work on the fields indicated in the License Agreement.
- The Licensor grants the Licensee a non-exclusive license to use the Work/related rights item specified in § 1 within the following fields: a) recording of Work/related rights item; b) reproduction (multiplication) of Work/related rights item in print and digital technology (e-book, audiobook); c) placing the copies of the multiplied Work/related rights item on the market; d) entering the Work/related rights item to computer memory; e) distribution of the work in electronic version in the open access form on the basis of Creative Commons license (CC BY-ND 3.0) via the digital platform of the Nicolaus Copernicus University Press and file repository of the Nicolaus Copernicus University.
- Usage of the recorded Work by the Licensee within the above fields is not restricted by time, numbers or territory.
- The Licensor grants the license for the Work/related rights item to the Licensee free of charge and for an unspecified period of time.
FULL TEXT License Agreement
Number of views and downloads: 76
Number of citations: 0