Attitudes of Polish-speaking and English-speaking medical students towards death during the COVID-19 pandemic
Keywordsattitude to death, medical students, COVID-19
AbstractIntroduction and purposeLast year, since the spread of COVID-19 pandemic, medical students have faced new challenges, related to growing numbers of people who are and will be hospitalized as well as deaths among patients in healthcare facilities. The purpose of this study, is analysis and comparison of attitudes of Polish-speaking and English-speaking students towards death, during the COVID-19 pandemic.Material and methodThe study was conducted in an electronic form on a group of Polish and foreign exchange students of medical faculties. In total, 277 people aged 19 to 38, including 141 of Polish nationality and 136 of non-Polish nationality, participated in the study. The study used a sociodemographic questionnaire and the Death Attitude Profile (DAP-R-PL). The questionnaire consists of 5 aspects, that relate to different attitudes towards death: fear of death, death avoidance, neutral acceptance, approach acceptance and escape acceptance.ResultsThe most common attitude represented in both groups was neutral acceptance of death. Polish students obtained higher results in scales fear of death and escape acceptance compared to foreing students. The results showed, that the strongest corelation occurs between escape acceptance and fear of death.ConclusionsIn most cases, adaptative beliefs towards death shown by both groups of respondents indicates, that they will handle working with dying patients. However, higher degree of fear of death and escape acceptance amongst Polish students indicates the need to introduce thanatology education into course of studies.
Gómez Galán J. The Black Death and other historical pandemics. Front Sci. 2020; 7: 62–75.
Procyk-Lewandowska I. Historia pandemii na świecie – koronawirus SARS-CoV-2 na tle innych pandemii. [History of the pandemic in the world - SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus compared to other pandemics.]. https://www.medicover.pl/o-zdrowiu/historia-pandemii-na-swiecie-koronawirus-sars-cov-2-na-tle-innych-pandemii,6788,n,168 (dostęp 25.03.2021).
Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, et al. China Novel Coronavirus Investigating and Research Team. 2020. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med. 382: 727–733.
WHO. 2020b. World Health Organization. WHO Director‐General's Opening Remarks at the Media Briefing on COVID‐19 ‐ 11 March 2020. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020 (dostęp 25.03.2021).
Alirol E, Getaz L, Stoll B, et al. Urbanisation and infectious diseases in a globalised world. Lancet Infect Dis. 2011; 11(2): 131–141.
Ingravallo F. Death in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Public Health. 2020; 5(5).
Yardley S, Rolph M. Death and dying during the pandemic. BMJ. 2020; 369: m1472.
Stojanov J, Malobabic M, Stanojevic G, et al. Quality of sleep and health-related quality of life among health care professionals treating patients with coronavirus disease-19. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2020; 16: 0020764020942800.
Banerjee D. The COVID-19 outbreak: Crucial role the psychiatrists can play. Asian J Psychiatr. 2020; 50: 102014.
Liu Z, Han B, Jiang R, et al. Mental health status of phisicians and nurses during COVID-19 epidemic in China. SSRN Electron J. 2020.
Ostrowska A. Medycyna Paliatywna w Praktyce. [Changing attitudes towards death. Palliative Medicine in Practice].Via Medica. 2016; 10, 2: 41–47. Polish.
Wallace CL, Cohen HL, Jenkins DA. Transforming students’ attitudesand anxieties toward death and loss. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying. 2017; 79(1), 1–20.
Zdziarski K, Awad MS, Landowski M, et al. Attitudes of Palestinian and Polish Medical Students Towards Death. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying. 2020; 0(0), 1-14.
Lázaro-Pérez C. La conciencia en las experiencias cercanas a la muerte. Una aproximación a las nuevas teorías. Concienc Cult Rev Antropol. 2016; 2: 99–106. Spanish.
Antón F. Antropología del sufrimiento social. Antropol Exp. 2017; 17: 345–355. Spanish.
Buzgova R, Janikova E. Czech adaption of the Collett–Lester fear of deathscale in a sample of nursing students. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying. 2017; 80(1), 20–34.
Brudek P, Sękowski M, Steuden S. Polish Adaptation of the Death Attitude Profile—Revised. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying. 2020; 81(1), 18-36.
Bedyńska S, Książek M. Statystyczny drogowskaz 3. Praktyczny przewodnik wykorzystania modeli regresji oraz równań strukturalnych. [Statistical signpost 3. A practical guide to using regression models and structural equations]. Uniwersytet SWPS, 2012. Polish.
Zhou Y, Li Q, Zhang W. Undergraduate nursing students’ knowledge, attitudes and self‐efficacy regarding palliative care in China: A descriptive correlational study. Nurs Open. 2021; 8(1), 343–353.
Cevik B, Kav S. Attitudes and experiences of nurses toward death and caring for dying patients in Turkey. Cancer Nursing. 2013; 36(6), E58–E65.
Iranmanesh S, Dargahi H, Abbaszadeh A. Attitudes of Iranian nurses toward caring for dying patients. Palliative and Supportive Care. 2008; 6(4), 363–369.
Xu F, Huang K, Wang Y, et al. A Questionnaire Study on the Attitude towards Death of the Nursing Interns in Eight Teaching Hospitals in Jiangsu, China. BioMed Research International. 2019; Sept: 1-8.
Hegedus K, Zana Á, Szabó G. Effect of end of life education on medical students’and health care workers’death attitude. Palliative Medicine. 2008; 22(3), 264-269.
Wong W. The concept of death and the growth of death awareness among university students in Hong Kong: A study of the efficacy of death education pro-grammes in Hong Kong universities. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying. 2017; 74(3), 304–328.
Wallace CL, Cohen HL, Jenkins DA. Transforming students’ attitudes and anxieties toward death and loss: The role of prior death experiences. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying. 2019; 79(1), 52–71.
Asadpour M, Sabzevari L, Ekramifar A, et al. The Attitude of Medical Students Toward Death: A Cross-Sectional Study in Rafsanjan. Indian J Palliat Care. 2016; 22(3), 354-361.
Sanli D, Iltus F. Experiences of a Group of Senior Nursing Students with End of Life Care and Death in Turkey. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying. 2020; 0(0), 1-22.
How to Cite
The periodical offers access to content in the Open Access system under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0
Number of views and downloads: 314
Number of citations: 0