The most common spinal defects among children and adolescents
Keywordscorrect posture, bad posture, concave back, round back, round-concave back, flat back, scoliosis
AbstractCorrect posture is a harmonized system of individual parts of the body in relation to each other and in relation to the mechanical axis of the body, maintained at minimum tension of the muscular and nervous systems [1,2,3]. Any postural defect is commonly referred to as a bad posture. According to Wilczyński, these are changes in an upright, free position of the body, which differ significantly from the typical posture of a given gender, age, constitutional structure and race, which are the result of pathological changes and may occur at all body levels [4,5,6]. The most common postural defects associated with the spine include concave, round, round-concave, flat and scoliosis back. Problems that occur in relation to each disease are not only a part of bad posture and do not concern only the spine itself. This is a complex problem and it is necessary to approach the subject holistically and in many directions.
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