Characteristics of changes in the psychophysiological status of water transport workers in the condition of fatigue
Keywordspsychophysiological examination, stress, fatigue, water transport workers
AbstractThe professional activity of water transport workers proceeds under conditions of a high degree of exposure to the body of a complex of adverse factors and mental stress. Of particular importance in these conditions is the observation of the functional state of a person, emotional comfort and prevention of fatigue. Organizational measures that are widely used at onshore enterprises, such as vnutrismenny rest, shortened working shift and week, additional leave - in the ship's conditions make little sense and only limited work experience and earlier retirement are possible. The specific nature of the work of seafarers performing their activities in a continuous round-the-clock working cycle provides for the majority of the crew a combination of direct watch duties with a large amount of functions in administration, administrative and general shipboard work, participation in emergency duties, preventive operations, ranging from 9 to 13 hours a day. As a rule, seafarers have two 4-hour watches, although at present there is experience in organizing watch-keeping services on a 6-hour schedule. The survey was conducted in the post-flight period in order to study the influence of fatigue factors on the functional and psycho-physiological state of water transport workers. From the conducted research it follows that fatigue is reversible and the psycho-physiological characteristics are restored after rest. A comprehensive study of fatigue will allow us to adequately assess the level of change in the functional state of the body, preventing somatic reactions in the fatigue phase and develop a set of measures to maintain optimal performance of transport industry specialists.
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