Basic principles and rationale for the use of cognitive training in the system of psychological correction of the maladaptive states of internship doctors
Keywordscognitive training, psychological correction, professional activity
The objective: to create a technology for conducting a cognitive training of resistance to stress in internship doctors during adaptation period to their professional activity. 213 persons - internship doctors of theKharkivNationalMedicalUniversity( 116 women and 97 men) underwent complex clinical, anamnestic and psychodiagnostic examination. 20.2% of the examined internship doctors (20.1% of men and 19.1% of women) have signs of lowering the level of work capacity and psychological comfort; In 65.7% of internship doctors (55.7% of men and 68.6% of women) it was revealed the development of maladaptation, showing psychological discomfort in their everyday lives, constant feeling of dissatisfaction with themselves and their professional activities.
We have developed and tested a system of psychological correction of maladaptation states of internship doctors, which includes programs for the following psychological and psychosocial trainings; training of prevention of the development of stress reaction, aimed at revealing the pathogenetic nature of the conflict that determines the launch of a neurotic reaction; activation of positive personality traits; correction of emotional reactions; processing of the stereotype of behavior, normalization of the system of emotional-volitional reaction; changing the system of relations. there is a steady positive dynamics of the psychological state, the maladaptive states are reduced; in 92,6% of the examined people, who were being examined for 3 years, recurrences of the violations of adaptation did not occur.
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