Features of goniometry of students with different types of posture
Keywordsstudents, violation, posture, state, biogeometric, profile, goniometry
Topicality. In the context of the reform of the education system in Ukraine, which is characterized by the most rapid pace, today, one of the most acute and difficult to solve is the problem of reforming education in the sphere of physical culture and sports. The existing system of physical education of students cannot form a system of motives for regular physical exercises. Objectives of the Study: to study the peculiarities of goniometry of the body of students with different posture types and different levels of biogeometric profile in the process of physical education. Research Results. Our research has proved that there are significant changes in the two goniometric indices of the body of the examined students: namely, the angle a2 formed by the vertical and the line connecting the spinous outgrowth of vertebra С7 and the spinous outgrowth of vertebra L5 (tilt angle of the trunk) and demonstrates violations in the sagittal plane, and the angle a6, which characterizes the inclination to the horizontal line that passes through the points of the lower corners of the shoulder blades (the angle of the asymmetry of the shoulder blades) and indicates violations in the frontal plane.
The analysis of the results of the study of the presented goniometry of the students of the 1st year of study reflected the general negative tendency of deterioration of the angle characteristics when compared with the corresponding data of students of the second year, and especially students of 3rd and 4th years. Conclusions. In the course of the research it was established that the deviation of the angles of the biogeometric profile of the posture violates the highly differentiated general structure of the axial skeleton of students and leads to violations in the field of passive and active stabilizing and supporting structures. It is found out that students during the study at a higher educational establishment suffer from negative processes of deterioration of their musculoskeletal system. This is evidenced by the appearance and deepening of the functional disturbances of their position from course to course, which is confirmed by the negative tendencies to increase or to reduce the presented angular characteristics.
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