Environmental dimorphism of the frequency of significant correlations of the torso features with the feet features among 7-13-year-old youth
Keywordsdimorphism, correlations, posture features, feet, environment
Introduction. Studies on the correlation of selected torso and feet features among 7-13-year-old children and adolescents have shown that the most frequent and strongest correlations with feet features occur among girls at the age of 11 and 12 years and among boys at 11, 12 and 13 years old.
Material and method. The research was carried out in the group of adolescents aged 7 to 13 and registered 16,462 observations, including 5,552 from the urban area and 10,910 from rural environment, together with 87 features describing torso and feet. The work stand for measuring selected features using the photogrammetric method consists of a computer and a card, programme, monitor, printer and a projection-receiving device with a camera.
- The frequency of significant correlations of torso features with feet features that differentiate the rural environment from urban is greater, however, the urban area presents more frequent relationship with feet features at a different level.
Features of the frontal and transversal plane tell the rural environment apart, whereas the urban environment is only differentiated by the frontal plane.
- The frequency of significant relationships of the feet features, which torso features correlate with and differentiate between the rural and urban environment is greater. Therefore, these are the morphological features that characterize the longitudinal arch of the feet. The features that differentiate the urban environment are those describing only the longitudinal arche.
Mrozkowiak Mirosław, Bibrowicz Karol, Szurmik Tomasz, Hadlich Roland,
Correlations and coexistence of characteristics describing body posture and feet in
children and young people of both sexes aged 7 to 13 years. Education, Health and Sport.
Sokołowski Marek, Mrozkowiak Mirosław. Correlations between selected characteristics
that describe body trunk and feet in children and young people aged 4 to 18 years.
;7(6):281-316. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI
Justyna Drzał-Grabiec, Sławomir Snela. The influence of rural environment on body
posture. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine 2012; 19(4).
Mrozkowiak M., Modulacja, wpływ i związki wybranych parametrów postawy ciała
dzieci i młodzieży w wieku od 4 do 18 lat w świetle mory projekcyjnej, Wydawnictwo
Uniwersytetu Kazimierza Wielkiego, Bydgoszcz, tom I, II, 2015 r.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Kamil Rzadkowski, Mirosław Mrozkowiak
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The periodical offers access to content in the Open Access system under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0
Number of views and downloads: 67
Number of citations: 0