Effects of regular yoga practice on neurological conditions and mental health
KeywordsYoga, mental health, PTSD, cognitive function, headache, depression, parkinson disease
Nowadays it is pointed out how important it is to take care of both mental and physical health. It is also undeniable that one affects the other and vice versa. That is why it is so important to nurture your body. Yoga as one of the physical activities has a proven effect on psychosomatic symptoms. Yoga is increasingly recommended mainly to relieve anxiety or stress. It brings great solace and even greater attentiveness. Lifestyle activities are increasingly considered an important component of treatment.
State of knowledge
Medical conditions such as dementia, Parkinson's disease, headaches, PTSD, depression are mainly treated with drugs. Yoga, as a non-pharmacological treatment, alleviates psychological conditions, as it reduces stress, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and enhances attentiveness to one's self, self-control and a different perspective on traumatic situations.
A review of the following works has shown the effects of yoga on mental health and common neurological conditions. With regular practice, it is possible to develop cognitive function, reduce the intensity and frequency of headaches. In Parkinson's disease, mindfulness exercises lead to an increase in muscle strength, a decrease in muscle tremors, and therefore improved rehabilitation. Most of the examples below mention a decrease in anxiety, stress, depressive symptoms and an increase in mindfulness, greater emotional and physical flexibility. The works cited point out that more in-depth research is needed to delve deeper into the effects of yoga on health.
https://encyklopedia.pwn.pl/haslo/;3918090 Dostęp: 01.09.2022 r.
Eilat-Adar S, Shenhar M, Hellerstein D, Dunsky A. The Influence of Yoga on the Cognitive Function of People Aged 60 Years and Older: A Systematic Review. Altern Ther Health Med. 2022 May 31:AT7225. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35648688.
Anheyer D, Klose P, Lauche R, Saha FJ, Cramer H. Yoga for Treating Headaches: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Mar;35(3):846-854. doi: 10.1007/s11606-019-05413-9. Epub 2019 Oct 30. PMID: 31667736; PMCID: PMC7080891.
Jin X, Wang L, Liu S, Zhu L, Loprinzi PD, Fan X. The Impact of Mind-body Exercises on Motor Function, Depressive Symptoms, and Quality of Life in Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Dec 18;17(1):31. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17010031. PMID: 31861456; PMCID: PMC6981975.
Björkman F, Ekblom Ö. Physical Exercise as Treatment for PTSD: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Mil Med. 2022 Aug 25;187(9-10):e1103-e1113. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usab497. PMID: 34850063.
Vancampfort D, Stubbs B, Van Damme T, Smith L, Hallgren M, Schuch F, Deenik J, Rosenbaum S, Ashdown-Franks G, Mugisha J, Firth J. The efficacy of meditation-based mind-body interventions for mental disorders: A meta-review of 17 meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials. J Psychiatr Res. 2021 Feb;134:181-191. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.12.048. Epub 2020 Dec 21. PMID: 33388701.
Dick AM, Niles BL, Street AE, DiMartino DM, Mitchell KS. Examining mechanisms of change in a yoga intervention for women: the influence of mindfulness, psychological flexibility, and emotion regulation on PTSD symptoms. J Clin Psychol. 2014 Dec;70(12):1170-82. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22104. Epub 2014 May 28. PMID: 24888209.
Yi L, Lian Y, Ma N, Duan N. A randomized controlled trial of the influence of yoga for women with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. J Transl Med. 2022 Apr 5;20(1):162. doi: 10.1186/s12967-022-03356-0. PMID: 35382845; PMCID: PMC8985332.
Cramer H, Lauche R, Anheyer D, Pilkington K, de Manincor M, Dobos G, Ward L. Yoga for anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Depress Anxiety. 2018 Sep;35(9):830-843. doi: 10.1002/da.22762. Epub 2018 Apr 26. PMID: 29697885.
Cramer H, Lauche R, Langhorst J, Dobos G. Yoga for depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Depress Anxiety. 2013 Nov;30(11):1068-83. doi: 10.1002/da.22166. Epub 2013 Aug 6. PMID: 23922209.
Gates NJ, Rutjes AW, Di Nisio M, Karim S, Chong LY, March E, Martínez G, Vernooij RW. Computerised cognitive training for 12 or more weeks for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in late life. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Feb 27;2(2):CD012277. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD012277.pub3. PMID: 32104914; PMCID: PMC7045394.
Boroujeni MZ, Marandi SM, Esfarjani F, Sattar M, Shaygannejad V, Javanmard SH. Yoga intervention on blood NO in female migraineurs. Adv Biomed Res. 2015;4:259.
John PJ, Sharma N, Sharma CM, Kankane A. Effectiveness of yoga therapy in the treatment of migraine without aura: a randomized controlled trial. Headache. 2007;47:654–61.
Kiran, Girgla KK, Chalana H, Singh H. Effect of rajyoga meditation on chronic tension headache. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2014;58.
Kisan R, Sujan M, Adoor M, et al. Effect of yoga on migraine: a comprehensive study using clinical profile and cardiac autonomic functions. Int J Yoga. 2014;7:126–32.
Schapira A.H.V. Neurobiology and treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Trends Pharm. Sci. 2008;30:41–47. doi: 10.1016/j.tips.2008.10.005.
Rasmussen P., Brassard P., Adser H. Evidence for a release of brain-derived neurotrophic factor from the brain during exercise. Exp. Physiol. 2009;94:1062–1069. doi: 10.1113/expphysiol.2009.048512.
Wang G.J., Volkow N.D., Fowler J.S. PET studies of the effects of aerobic exercise on human striatal dopamine release. J. Nucl. Med. 2000;41:1352–1356.
Schmolesky M.T., Webb D.L., Hansen R.A. The effects of aerobic exercise intensity and duration on levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in healthy men. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2013;12:502–511. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2013.0305
Saghazadeh A., Rezaei N. Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels in Autism: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J. Autism Dev. Disord. 2017;47:1018–1029. doi: 10.1007/s10803-016-3024-x.
Rybakowski J. I inni Psychiatria. T. 2, Wrocław: Elsevier Urban & Partner, 2010, s. 428–452, ISBN 978-83-7609-102-0, OCLC 750540992
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Karolina Zadrozna, Olga Wysokińska, Justyna Żyga, Anna Małek, Mateusz Fabiś, Bartłomiej Wójcik, Klara Iwaniszyn-Zapołoch
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The periodical offers access to content in the Open Access system under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0
Number of views and downloads: 333
Number of citations: 0