Symptoms of hoarding disorder in specific mental disorders. Review of potential management methods
KeywordsMental Disorders, Hoarding disorder, Comorbidity, Therapeutics, Psychotherapy
Introduction and objectives. Hoarding disorder belongs to the class of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. This disorder is characterised by difficulty in discarding possessions by the patient accompanied by distress and anxiety in case of their loss. The prevalence of hoarding disorder among the community of Europe and United States of America is estimated to be 2 to 6%. The basic management method of hoarding disorder is psychotherapy, mainly in form of cognitive-behavioral model. The efficiency of pharmacotherapy is debatable.
The objective of this study is to present connections between certain mental diseases and hoarding disorder and treatment possibilities in case of their comorbidity.
The following study is based on the review of scientific literature for the years 2013-2021.
State of knowledge. The review of literature allows to acknowledge various psychopathological connections between certain mental sicknesses and hoarding disorder. Hoarding symptoms may be present in such mental disorders as depression, autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, psychotic disorders and dementia. Presence of hoarding symptoms affects both course and treatment of these diseases.
Conclusion. Hoarding disorder is a rare and treatment resistant disease, especially if accompanied by other mental disorders. Despite of there being positive reports about management methods in situations of comorbidity, further researches with more participants must be conducted in order to prove their effectiveness.
Dozier, M.E. and C.R. Ayers, The Etiology of Hoarding Disorder: A Review. Psychopathology, 2017. 50(5): p. 291-296.
Kalogeraki, L. and I. Michopoulos, [Hoarding Disorder in DSM-5: Clinical description and cognitive approach]. Psychiatriki, 2017. 28(2): p. 131-141.
Williams, M. and J.A. Viscusi, Hoarding Disorder and a Systematic Review of Treatment with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Cogn Behav Ther, 2016. 45(2): p. 93-110.
Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
Piacentino, D., et al., Pharmacotherapy for Hoarding Disorder: How did the Picture Change since its Excision from OCD? Curr Neuropharmacol, 2019. 17(8): p. 808-815.
Rachman, S., et al., Separating hoarding from OCD. Behav Res Ther, 2009. 47(6): p. 520-2.
Abramowitz, J.S., et al., Symptom presentation and outcome of cognitive-behavioral therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder. J Consult Clin Psychol, 2003. 71(6): p. 1049-57.
Grisham, J.R. and P.A. Baldwin, Neuropsychological and neurophysiological insights into hoarding disorder. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat, 2015. 11: p. 951-62.
Mathews, C.A., Hoarding disorder: more than just a problem of too much stuff. J Clin Psychiatry, 2014. 75(8): p. 893-4.
Saxena, S. and J. Sumner, Venlafaxine extended-release treatment of hoarding disorder. Int Clin Psychopharmacol, 2014. 29(5): p. 266-73.
Bloch, M.H., et al., Meta-analysis: hoarding symptoms associated with poor treatment outcome in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Mol Psychiatry, 2014. 19(9): p. 1025-30.
Tolin, D.F., et al., Neural Mechanisms of Decision Making in Hoarding Disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 2012. 69(8): p. 832-841.
Frost, R.O., G. Steketee, and D.F. Tolin, Comorbidity in hoarding disorder. Depress Anxiety, 2011. 28(10): p. 876-84.
Fullana, M.A., et al., IS ADHD IN CHILDHOOD ASSOCIATED WITH LIFETIME HOARDING SYMPTOMS? AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY. 2013. 30(8): p. 741-748.
Lynch, F.A., et al., Hoarding in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Understanding the comorbidity. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 2015. 4: p. 37-46.
Hacker, L.E., et al., Hoarding in Children With ADHD. 2016. 20(7): p. 617-626.
Lynch, F.A., R. Moulding, and J.A. McGillivray, Phenomenology of hoarding in children with comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): The perceptions of parents. Compr Psychiatry, 2017. 76: p. 1-10.
Grassi, G., et al., Atomoxetine for hoarding disorder: A pre-clinical and clinical investigation. J Psychiatr Res, 2016. 83: p. 240-248.
Scahill, L., et al., Children's Yale-Brown obsessive compulsive scale in autism spectrum disorder: component structure and correlates of symptom checklist. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 2014. 53(1): p. 97-107.e1.
Morris, S.H., et al., Hoarding in Children and Adolescents: A Review. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev, 2016. 47(5): p. 740-50.
Pertusa, A., et al., Do patients with hoarding disorder have autistic traits? Depress Anxiety, 2012. 29(3): p. 210-8.
La Buissonnière-Ariza, V., et al., Presentation and Correlates of Hoarding Behaviors in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Comorbid Anxiety or Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 2018. 48(12): p. 4167-4178.
Storch, E.A., et al., Hoarding in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Anxiety: Incidence, Clinical Correlates, and Behavioral Treatment Response. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016. 46(5): p. 1602-1612.
Tolin, D.F., et al., Quality of Life in Patients with Hoarding Disorder. J Obsessive Compuls Relat Disord, 2019. 21: p. 55-59.
Tolin, D.F., et al., Hoarding Disorder and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation. Journal of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, 2018. 16: p. 98-103.
Raines, A.M., et al., Hoarding and depression: The mediating role of perceived burdensomeness. Journal of psychiatric research, 2016. 83: p. 24-28.
Timpano, K.R., et al., A multifaceted assessment of emotional tolerance and intensity in hoarding. Behavior Therapy, 2014. 45(5): p. 690-699.
Ayers, C.R., et al., Hoarding disorder in older adulthood. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry, 2015. 23(4): p. 416-422.
B., B., Stres a depresja. Wszechświat, 2016. 117.
Tompkins, M.A., Clinician’s Guide to Severe Hoarding. 2014: p. 15–48.
Tolin, D.F., et al., Cognitive behavioral therapy for hoarding disorder: a meta-analysis. Depress Anxiety, 2015. 32(3): p. 158-66.
K., M., Hope for hoarding disorder. Nursing made Incredibly Easy!, 2014. 12(2): p. 26-34.
Luchins, D.J., et al., Repetitive behaviors in chronically institutionalized schizophrenic patients. Schizophr Res, 1992. 8(2): p. 119-23.
Bleuler, E., Dementia Praecox, or the Group of Schizophrenias. Translater by J. Zinkin (1950). New York: International Universities. Cited by: Bachman, P. & Cannon, TD. Cognitive and Neuroscience Aspects of Thought Disorders, in The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning, K. Holyoak and B. Morrison, Editors. 2005, Cambridge University Press. p. 493--519.
Goldner, E.M., et al., Prevalence and incidence studies of schizophrenic disorders: a systematic review of the literature. Can J Psychiatry, 2002. 47(9): p. 833-43.
Tracy, J.I., et al., Repetitive behaviors in schizophrenia: A single disturbance or discrete symptoms? Schizophrenia Research, 1996. 20(1-2): p. 221-229.
Randy O. Frost, G.S., The Oxford Handbook of Hoarding and Acquiring. 2014
Kumbhani, S.R., et al., Nonclinical obsessive-compulsive symptoms and executive functions in schizophrenia. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 2010. 22(3): p. 304-12.
Gabryelewicz T, B.A., Barcikowska M, Otępienie w praktyce. 2018 Poznań: p. 11-12.
Duong, S., T. Patel, and F. Chang, Dementia: What pharmacists need to know. Can Pharm J (Ott), 2017. 150(2): p. 118-129.
Şahin Cankurtaran, E., Management of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia. Noro Psikiyatr Ars, 2014. 51(4): p. 303-312.
Biçer Kanat, B., et al., [Hoarding Behavıour in Three Different Types of Dementia Cases]. Turk Psikiyatri Derg, 2016. 27(2): p. 0.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Michał Senger, Patrycja Doruch, Karolina Rogacka, Kornelia Kędziora–Kornatowska
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The periodical offers access to content in the Open Access system under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0
Number of views and downloads: 550
Number of citations: 0