The formation and mineralization of bone tissue under different regimes of motor activity in the age aspect
Keywordsexercise, endurance, macro-micro elements, humerus.
Kozak Dariya, Davybida Nataliya. The formation and mineralization of bone tissue under different regimes of motor activity in the age aspect. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2015;5(9):700-708. ISSN 2391-8306. DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.32374
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This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non commercial
use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.
Received: 02.08.2015. Revised 05.09.2015. Accepted: 29.09.2015.
THE FORMATION AND MINERALIZATION OF BONE TISSUE UNDER DIFFERENT REGIMES OF MOTOR ACTIVITY IN THE AGE ASPECT
Dariya Kozak, Nataliya Davybida
SHEI «I. Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University of the Ministry of Public Health of Ukraine»
A deep study of the adjustment processes of bone, its structure, chemical composition, adaptive capacity is a necessary condition for clarification of the influence of labor, sports and a number of trades that occur in connection with the scientific - technical progress on the body. The organization and simulation of the different modes of motor activity does not fully meet the training process rights in physical education and sport. However, the results obtained in this pilot study are related to the disclosure of general biological laws based on individual and genetically determined characteristics of individuals, knowledge of which will serve as a morphological substantiation of the training process and prediction of structural changes in the skeleton at various modes of exercise, injury prevention, and the development of osteoporosis. As follows:
1. Intense exercise causes slowdown in growth and osteoclastic resorption of humeri and their structural elements by young and mature animals. By animals with severe senile changes there observed significant destructive changes in all parts of the humeri. Morphometric research methods allow confirming maximal destructive bone changes in the group of senile animals and minimal ones – by mature animals.
2. Inturn, moderate exercise is a deterrent of involute changes in humeri. In the group of young animals there is observed deceleration of the narrowing processes of the growth plate width and increase of osteoblasts activity, what was indirectly manifested in increase of the bones size and their structures by experimental animals. In the group of animals with severe senile changes there was marked slowdown of bone demineralization. It was determined that the effect of the different regimes of exercise on morphogenesis processes depends on age, as well as intensity and duration of exercise.
3. Results of the study have both theoretical and practical importance because they provide methodological basis for the study of adaptive changes in bone system, determining a range of its transformation. Ability to predict training exercises and target use graduated physical exercises with the aim to correct skeletal structural changes depending on age was experimentally confirmed.
Keywords: exercise, endurance, macro - micro elements, humerus.
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