Kilka uwag o dwóch opowieściach o zwycięstwie Longobardów nad Herulami (Paweł Diakon, Historia Langobardorum, I, 20 i Prokopiusz z Cezarei, De Bellis, VI, 14)

Robert Kasperski

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/SZ.2017.01

Abstrakt


A few remarks on two stories about the Lombards victory over Heruls (Paul the Deacon, Historia Langobardorum, 1:20, and Procopius of Caesarea, De Bellis, 6:14)

The article presents an analysis of two narratives of the war between the Heruls and the Lombards fought in 508. Leaving aside any attempts to see “how it really was” with the course of the conflict, the author focuses on a narrative side of the story written by Procopius of Caesarea and Paul the Deacon. The accounts of both authors are subjected to one main idea: that the victory depended neither on the size and strength of the army, nor the courage of the troops, but was the result of God’s decision to support one of the sides. In the version presented by Procopius, God in the form of a black cloud took side with the Lombards, who with a sense of profound humility wanted to avoid military conflict to the end, and were forced to go to war. The defeat of the Heruls was their punishment for initiating the war without any just reason. In the version presented by Paul the Deacon the defeat of the Heruls was the punishment for the arrogance of their king and the contempt this soldiers felt for the Lombardian troops.


Słowa kluczowe


Herulowie; Longobardowie; Paweł Diakon; Prokopiusz z Cezarei; narracja; tchórzostwo; buta; pokora; Heruli; Longobards; Paul the Deacon; Procopius of Caesarea; narrative; cowardice; arrogance; humility

Pełny tekst:

PDF

Bibliografia


Balzaretti R., Sexuality in Late Lombard Italy, c. 700 – c. 800 AD, w: Medieval Sexuality. A Casebook, red. A. Harper, C. Proctor, New York–Oxon 2007, s. 7–31

Banaszkiewicz J., „Nadzy wojownicy” – o średniowiecznych pogłosach dawnego rytu wojskowego (Prokopiusz z Cezarei, Paweł Diakon, Girald z Walii, Sakso Gramatyk i Gall Anonim), w: tenże, Takie sobie średniowieczne bajeczki, wprow. M. Tomaszek, Kraków 2012, s. 361–389

Banaszkiewicz J., Rodulf, król Herulów, który grał (Paweł Diakon, Hist. Long., I, 20), w: E scientia et amicitia. Studia poświęcone profesorowi Edwardowi Potkowskiemu w sześćdziesięciopięciolecie urodzin i czterdziestolecie pracy naukowej, red. M. Drzewiecki, Warszawa–Pułtusk 1999, s. 23–31

Bianchi D., L’elemento epico nella „Historia Langobardorum”, „Memorie Storiche Forogivliesi”, 30, 1934, nr 1, s. 117–168

Bullough D.A., Ethnic History and the Carolingians. An Alternative Reading of Paul the Deacon’s Historia Langobardorum, w: tenże, Carolingian Renewal. Sources and Heritage, Manchester–New York 1991, s. 97–122

Frye N., Myth, Fiction, and Displacement, w: tenże, Fables of Identity. Studies in Poetic Mythology, New York 1963

Goffart W., Barbarian Tides. The Migration Age and the Later Roman Empire, Philadelphia 2006

Goffart W., Conspicuously Absent. Martial Heroism in the Histories of Gregory of Tours and its Likes, w: tenże, Barbarians, Maps, and Historiography. Studies on the Early Medieval West, Farnham–Burlington 2009, s. 95–120

Goffart W., The Narrators of Barbarian History (A.D. 550–800): Jordanes, Gregory of Tours, Bede, and Paul the Deacon, Notre Dame 2005

Gschwantler O., Formen langobardischer mündlicher Überlieferung, „Jahrbuch für internationale Germanistik”, 11, 1979, nr 1, s. 58–85

Halsall G., Warfare and Society in the Barbarian West, 450–900, London–New York 2003

Haubrichs W., Ehre und Konflikt. Zur intersubjektiven Konstitution der adligen Persönlichkeit im früheren Mittelalter, w: Spannungen und Konflikte menschlichen Zusammenlebens in der deutschen Literatur des Mittelalters. Bristoler Colloquium 1993, red. K. Gärtner, I. Kasten, F. Shaw, Tübingen 1996, s. 35–58

Haubrichs W., Die ‘Erzählung des Helden’ in narrativen Passagen der Historia Langobardorum des Paulus Diaconus, w: Narration and Hero. Recounting the Deeds of Heroes in Literature and Art of the Early Medieval Period, red. V. Millet, H. Sahm, Berlin–Boston 2014, s. 278–304

McKitterick R., Paul the Deacon’s Historia Langobardorum and the Franks, w: taż, History and Memory in the Carolingian World, Cambridge–New York 2004, s. 60–83

Miller D.A., The Epic Hero, Baltimore–London 2000

Nelson J.L., Bad Kingship in the Earlier Middle Ages, „Haskins Society Journal”, 8, 1999, s. 1–26 Reimitz H., History, Frankish Identity and the Framing of Western Ethnicity, 550–850, Cambridge 2015

Rubin B., Das Zeitalter Iustinians, t. 1, Berlin 1960; t. 2, Berlin–New York 1995

Shanzer D., Laughter and Humour in the Early Medieval Latin West, w: Humour, History and Politics in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, red. G. Halsall, Cambridge–New York 2002, s. 25–47

Wallace-Hadrill J.M., Gregory of Tours and Bede. Their Views on the Personal Qualities of Kings, „Frühmittelalterliche Studien”, 2, 1968, s. 31–44

Wallace-Hadrill J.M., War and Peace in the Earlier Middle Ages, „Transactions of the Royal Historical Society”, 25, 1975, s. 157–174

Wood I., Iocundus in fabulis. The Value of Friendly Advice, w: Splendor Reginae. Passions, genre et famille. Mélanges en l’honneur de Régine Le Jan, Turnhout 2015, s. 329–339

Wyatt D.R., Slaves and Warriors in Medieval Britain and Ireland, 800–1200, Leiden–Boston 2009

Wynn Ph., Wars and Warriors in Gregory of Tours’ Histories I–IV, „Francia”, 21, 2001, nr 1, s. 1–35

Żmudzki P., Władca i wojownicy. Narracje o wodzach, drużynie i wojnach w najdawniejszej historiografii Polski i Rusi, Wrocław 2009


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism