Kant and Jaspers

Mirosław Żelazny

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/szhf.2018.004

Abstract


Hannah Arendt called Jaspers “the Kant of the 20th century”. This is an apt term, though Jaspers was certainly neither a Kantian nor a Neo-Kantian. Kantianism is connected with philosophizing for which epistemology was the most important, especially in the sphere of speculative reason, and the main goal of that philosophy was to create the tools necessary for the proper development of science. In Jaspers’ opinion, neo-Kantianism, even if it dealt with social problems, it focused only on the first of the three Kantian questions that exhaust problems of philosophy („What can I know?”, „What should I do?”, „What can I expect?”). These issues are, among others, discussed in this article with a focus on a search for a justification for the thesis put forward by Hannah Arendt.


Keywords


Kant; Jaspers; Kantianism; neo-Kantianism; existentialism

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References


Jaspers K., Philosophie, Berlin–Gottingen–Heidelberg 1948.

Kant I., Gesammelte Schriften. Hg.: Bde. 1–22 Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Bd. 23 Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, ab Bd. 24 Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Gottingen, Berlin 1900 ff.






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