The effects of long lasting physical exercise and training on kidneys functions

Katarzyna Żołądkiewicz



During long lasting physical exercise and physical training, a large number of changes occur in the human body. The body homeostasis is disturbed, and observed changes include kidney function. The most common observed symptom is a decrease in the amount of urine excreted due to an increase in the secondary absorption of water during exercise.

              During long lasting physical exercise the filtration in the glomeruli is impaired, and thus the composition of urine is changing. Differences in the amount of minerals excreted are noted, as a result of water loss, and urine osmolarity increases. Those changes are depend largely on the type of undertaken physical activity, its duration, as well as the individual predisposition of the examined physical active human. Therefore, in individual studies, the results differ significantly, and it is impossible to draw unequivocal conclusions.


long lasting physical exercise; training; health; kidney

Full Text:



Arakawa K. i wsp. (2016). Changes in blood biochemical markers before, during, and after a 2-day ultramarathon. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine. Vol. 7. p. 43 – 50.

Bekos C. i wsp. (2016). Non-professional marathon running: RAGE axis and ST2 family changes in relation to open-window effect, inflammation and renal function. Scientific Reports. Vol. 6. p. 1 – 12.

Buchman A. i wsp. (2013). The Effect of a Marathon Run on Plasma and Urine Mineral and Metal Concentrations. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. Vol. 17. p. 124 – 127.

Jablan J., Inić S., Stosnach H., Hadziabdić M., Vujić L., Domijan A. (2017). Level of minerals and trace elements in the urine of the participants of mountain ultra-marathon race. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology. Vol. 27. p. 54 – 59.

Montain S., Cheuvront S., Lukaski H. (2007). Sweat Mineral-Element Responses During 7 h of Exercise-Heat Stress. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. Vol. 17. p. 574 – 582.

Smoleński O. (2001). Fizjologia Nerek i Wydalanie Moczu. [W:] Fizjologiczne Podstawy wysiłku fizycznego. Pod red. J. Górskiego. Wyd. Lekarskie PZWL Warszawa.

Soria M., Anson M., Escanero J. (2016). Correlation analysis of exercise-induced changes in plasma trace elements and hormone levels during incremental exercise in well-trained athletes. Biological Trace Element Research. Vol. 170. p. 55 – 64.

Speich M., Pineau A., Ballereau F. (2001). Minerals, trace elements and related biological variables in athletes and during physical activity. Clinica Chimica Acta. Vol. 312. str. 1 – 11.

Svyatova N., Sitdikov F., Egerev E. (2013). Effect of cobalt on parameters of cardiovascular system in elementary school children. Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine. Vol. 155. p. 312 – 313.

Williams M. (2005). Dietary supplements and sport performance: minerals. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. Vol. 2. p. 43 – 49.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

e-ISSN: 2450-3118
Numer DOI: 10.12775/QS
ICV 2019: 100.00

Action funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education under the contract number 916/P-DUN/2019 by funds dedicated to dissemination of research findings. Name of action: "Preparing for publication papers in English in 8 issues of the journal Quality in Sport in 2019-2020: Vol. 5, No. 1-4 (2019), Vol. 6, No. 1-4 (2020)".

Partnerzy platformy czasopism