Quality in Sport https://apcz.umk.pl/QS <p>Journal of “Quality in Sport” (QS) is a <strong>double blinded</strong> <strong>scientific quarterly</strong> published by the Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland.</p><p>The beginning of the journal is from the International Scientific Conference "Quality in Sport", which is organized by the Faculty of Economics and Management at the University of Nicolaus Copernicus in Toruń and the Faculty of Sports Sciences of the Academy of Physical Education in Wrocław. More information about the conference at www.sport.umk.pl</p><p> </p><p>The aim of the journal is to establish the platform for scientific discussion and to disseminate the research findings on sport/tourism management and event management. The scope of the papers published in the Quality in Sport covers the issues of:</p><ul><li>management in sports and tourism organization;</li><li>quality of sports event;</li><li>satisfaction of participants of sports events and fans;</li><li>management of sports facilities.</li></ul><p>Quality in Sport only prints the papers which have not been published earlier. Quality in Sport only prints the papers which have not been published earlier. The journal is published in an on-line version. The on-line version is a reference one.</p><p> </p><p>The journal offers access to the contents in the open access system on the principles of non-exclusive license <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/pl/deed.en">Creative Commons (CC BY-ND 3.0)</a>.</p> Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun (Poland) en-US Quality in Sport 2450-3118 Adaptation, integration and acculturation of foreign athletes in sports organizations in Romania and France https://apcz.umk.pl/QS/article/view/QS.2021.007 We live in an increasingly globalized and culturally diverse society, in which individuals with different cultural backgrounds, different education, different personalities and different values must work together and achieve optimal results. Moreover, these cultural differences are noticeable even within a group of people of the same nationality. At the same time, lately there are more and more bicultural individuals, who belong simultaneously to different cultures. Nowadays, sport has an enormous impact on society, being an extremely popular phenomenon on a global scale and which has become a business in which huge sums are spent. Sport can have both a unifying effect, bringing together different individuals, but at the same time it can emphasize cultural differences and deep ethnic differences. All these arguments justify the increased interest in multiculturalism in general, and in multiculturalism in sport in particular. Using SPSS software, this study proposes a quantitative comparative analysis of how the country in which athletes evolve, namely Romania and France, influences adaptation, self-confidence, team integration and market share of athletes. Daniel Lovin Alexandru Căpățînă Denis Bernardeau Moreau Copyright (c) 2021 Quality in Sport 2021-06-07 2021-06-07 7 2 7 23 10.12775/QS.2021.007 The relationship between coach-created motivational climate and athletes’ challenge and threat perceptions https://apcz.umk.pl/QS/article/view/QS.2021.008 <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 6,0000pt; margin-bottom: 6,0000pt; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;" align="justify"><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: #0e101a; font-size: 12,0000pt;">The aim of this research was to examine the relationship between coach-created motivational climate and athletes’ perception of challenge and threat states. For this purpose, 257 athletes from individual and team sports between the ages of 13-18 voluntarily participated in the research. Challenge and Threat in Sport (CAT-Sport) Scale, and Empowering and Disempowering Motivational Climate Questionnaire were used as the data collection tools. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis were conducted in SPSS 17. Pearson correlation analysis showed that challenge was positively and significantly correlated with empowering motivational climate along with its sub-dimensions. Also, threat positively and significantly correlated with disempowering motivational climate and its sub-dimensions. Regression analysis, after controlling for age, gender, sport type, sport experience, number of weekly training and weekly training hours, revealed that empowering motivational climate positively and significantly predicted challenge and disempowering motivational climate positively and significantly predicted threat. In the subscale level, task-involving and autonomy-supportive motivational climates positively and significantly predicted challenge and controlling motivational climate positively and significantly predicted threat. The findings emphasized the importance of the coach-created motivational climate for athletes challenge and threat in youth sports. The findings were discussed in line with the relevant literature and some suggestions for coaches were provided.</span></p> Muharrem Aydın İhsan Sarı Copyright (c) 2021 Quality in Sport 2021-06-07 2021-06-07 7 2 24 37 10.12775/QS.2021.008 Nutritional behaviour of (Non-)eSports players – a comparative study https://apcz.umk.pl/QS/article/view/QS.2021.009 <p>Demand for eSports has generated considerable attention from the sport, event, and entertainment industries. However, time is spent playing and watching the computer games and is not related to physical activity. The aim of this study is to focus on nutritional behaviour between persons who practice eSports and those who do not practice eSports. A standardized questionnaire was implemented and, in total, 339 completed questionnaires were generated. The results show that participants who are not playing eSports games are significant healthier, doing more sports, are older, have higher incomes, eat more fruits and vegetables, but drink more caffeine and alcohol. In summary, the study shows that playing eSports games tend to have a negative impact on a healthy and sporting lifestyle.</p><p> </p> Christopher Huth Copyright (c) 2021 Quality in Sport 2021-06-08 2021-06-08 7 2 38 44 10.12775/QS.2021.009 Dynamics of geometry indicators of students' body mass in the process of their physical training under the influence of author's technology https://apcz.umk.pl/QS/article/view/QS.2021.010 <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: 14,0000pt;">Sublimation of advanced scientific ideas into the strategy of student youth’s rehabilitation involves the creation and implementation of effective innovative technologies. At the present stage of physical culture and sports field development, in terms of effectiveness of body correction the most recognized are health fitness systems. </span><strong><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; mso-ansi-font-weight: bold; font-size: 14,0000pt;">Objective</span></strong><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: 14,0000pt;">. The experiment involved 121 female students aged 17–18 with different body types, namely mesomorphs – 64, ectomorphs – 35, endomorphs – 22 individuals (n = 121). </span><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';">Methods</span></strong><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';">.</span></strong><em><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: SimSun; mso-ansi-font-style: italic; font-size: 14,0000pt; mso-font-kerning: 14,0000pt;"> </span></em><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: SimSun; font-size: 14,0000pt; mso-font-kerning: 14,0000pt;">Theoretical ones have been used to study and substantiate the basic provisions of the study, outline its problem field, systematize the scientists’ experience on the issue of female students' physique correction in the process of their physical training, study of modern scientific approaches to the development and improvement of physical education; empirical methods included pedagogical observation; anthropometric examination of female students; body type of students – using the Pinier index. Method of recording and analysis of female students’ body static-dynamic stability (diagnostic and training complex “SportKat 650 TS” on the basis of a movable platform, the degree of mobility of which is adjustable); consistently pedagogical transformative experiment; statistical methods have been applied to process the results of the study. </span><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';">Results</span></strong><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';"> </span></strong><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';">of</span></strong><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';"> </span></strong><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';">the</span></strong><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';"> </span></strong><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';">study</span></strong><em><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';">. </span></em><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; font-size: 14,0000pt;">The positive impact of the suggested technology is evidenced by changes in the average values of the circumferential body size of female students with mesomorphic body type: increase in the average values of chest girth (</span><img src="file:///C:\Users\WACICI~1\AppData\Local\Temp\ksohtml1716\wps178.jpg" alt="" width="8" height="23" /><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; font-size: 14,0000pt;">; S) (before: 85.3; 5.50 cm after: 88.2; 4.71 cm), (p &lt;0.01); increase in average values of shoulder girth (before: 26.2; 3.81 cm after: 27.7; 2.19 cm), (p &lt;0.01); decrease in the average values of the circumferential abdomen size (before: 68.1; 5.51 cm after: 66.3; 3.32 cm), (p &lt;0.05); decrease in the average values of the thigh girth (before: 55.0; 3.80 cm after: 53.9; 2.00 cm), (p &lt;0.05). Statistically significant changes have been found in the direction of increasing the average values of the shoulder circumferential size among female students of ectomorphic body type: (</span><img src="file:///C:\Users\WACICI~1\AppData\Local\Temp\ksohtml1716\wps179.jpg" alt="" width="8" height="23" /><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; font-size: 14,0000pt;">; S) (before: 23.3; 3.71 cm after: 24.9; 2.21 cm), (p&lt;0.05); average values of the thigh circumferential size (before: 52.1; 4.94 cm after: 53.9; 2.01 cm), (p&lt;0.05). During the examination of female students of endomorphic body type, we have also observed the improvement (decrease) of the average values of the abdomen girth (</span><img src="file:///C:\Users\WACICI~1\AppData\Local\Temp\ksohtml1716\wps180.jpg" alt="" width="8" height="23" /><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; font-size: 14,0000pt;">; S) (before: 75.4; 4.83 cm after: 72.1; 2.95 cm), (p &lt;0.05) and the average values of the hip circumference (before: 58.3; 4.25 cm after: 56.2; 2.19 cm), (p &lt;0.05).</span><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; font-size: 14,0000pt;"> </span><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';">Conclusions</span></strong><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';">.</span></strong><span style="mso-spacerun: 'yes'; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; font-size: 14,0000pt;"> </span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman';">The substantiated technology of physique correction for female students taking into account geometry of their body mass in the course of physical training is aimed at achieving the corresponding purpose by using system, normative-target, personality-oriented approaches. The structure of the technology has included the purpose, tasks, principles, pedagogical conditions, stages, namely organizational-introductory, correctional-preventive, supportive.</span></p> Viktoriia Matiichuk Tamara Khabynets Leonid Yarmolinsky Copyright (c) 2021 Quality in Sport 2021-06-08 2021-06-08 7 2 45 51 10.12775/QS.2021.010 Management of disabilities athletes sport branch sitting volleyball https://apcz.umk.pl/QS/article/view/QS.2021.011 <p align="center">This study aims to determine the management of athletes with disabilities in sitting volleyball. The research method used is an interpretive study research on the Coaching Activities of Athletes with Disabilities in the Indonesian National Pelatnas Volleyball Sports Branch in Surakarta. The population of this study were athletes, coaches and administrators of the Indonesian NPC. The data collection techniques used by the researcher are active observation, interviews, and documentation analysis. In this study, researchers used two triangulation techniques, namely data triangulation and method triangulation. The data validity technique used triangulation technique. Data analysis was carried out in four stages, namely: the data collection stage, the data reduction stage, the data presentation stage, and the conclusion drawing stage. The results showed that the athletes in the seated volleyball sport were quite good. Communication between athletes, administrators and coaches is very good because they always approach each other emotionally. Coaches in coaching athletes with disabilities in the Indonesian seated volleyball sport must have a minimum national license. The condition of good facilities and infrastructure will provide convenience in the process of coaching athletes with disabilities in sitting volleyball. The funding system for the coaching of athletes with disabilities in sitting volleyball from the Ministry of Youth and Sports as a whole with the financial system set for coaching athletes with disabilities in sitting volleyball from the APBN budget. The implementation of the training method for coaching athletes with disabilities in the seated volleyball sport is well programmed. This can be seen from the preparation of a written training program, the training schedule is in accordance with the national level training schedule, the division of short-term periodization, medium-term periodization, and long-term periodization.</p><p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Management, Athletes Disabilities, Sitting Volleyball</p> Taufik Ismail . Sugiyanto Sapta Kunta Purnama Copyright (c) 2021 Quality in Sport 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 7 2 52 63 10.12775/QS.2021.011