Przestępczość korporacyjna – rozwiązania prawno-instytucjonalne w Stanach Zjednoczonych

Agnieszka Kędzierska

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/HiP.2020.004

Abstrakt


The article contains a review of the history of legal and institutional conditions concerning corporate crime in the United States, with particular emphasis on the development of criminal liability of enterprises. It presents theoretical considerations about this phenomenon, the most important legal regulations relating to corporate malpractice, prosecutors’ guidelines and models of cooperation between corporations and the judiciary. The paper also covers the issues of empirical research on corporate crime and the presentation of available data.


Słowa kluczowe


przestępczość korporacyjna; przestępczość „białych kołnierzyków”; Stany Zjednoczone

Pełny tekst:

PDF

Bibliografia


Association of Certified Fraud Examiners. (2019). Report To The Nation’s 2018. Global Study On Occupational Fraud And Abuse, Austin 2019.

Barnett, C. (2005). The Measurement of White-Collar Crime Using Uniform Crime Reporting Data. Washington: U.S. Department of Justice.

Bennet, R., LoCicero, H., Hanner, B. (2013). From Regulation to Prosecution to Cooperation: Trends in Corporate White Collar Crime Enforcement and the Evolving Role of the White Collar Criminal Defense Attorney. The Business Lawyer, 68, 411–438.

Cliff, G., Wall-Parker, A. (2017). Statistical Analysis of White-Collar Crime. Oxford: Research Encyclopedias on Criminology and Criminal Justice. Pobrane z: http://oxfordre.com/criminology/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190264079.001.0001/acrefore-9780190264079-e-267.

Clinard, M., Quinney, R. (1973). Criminal Behavior Systems: A Typology. New York: Anderson Publishing.

Clinard, M., Yeager, P. (1987). Illegal Corporate Behavior 1975–1976. Pobrane z: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/105519NCJRS.pdf.

Colwell, G., Zeno, T., Goldstein, Ch. (2018). DOJ Relaxes “All or Nothing” Yates Memo. Pobrane z:

https://www.anticorruptionblog.com/us-department-of-justice/doj-relaxes-all-or-nothing-yates-memo/.

Corporate Prosecution Registry. Pobrane z: http://lib.law.virginia.edu/Garrett/corporate-prosecution-registry/browse/browse.html.

Elkins, J. (1976). Corporations and the Criminal Law: An Uneasy Alliance. Kentucky Law Journal, 65, 73–129.

Federal Sentencing Commission. (1991). U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual §8. Washington.

Filip, M. (2008). Memorandum from Mark Filip, Deputy Attorney Gen., to Heads of Department Components and U.S. Attorneys, Principles of Federal Prosecution of Business Organizations. Pobrane z: http://www.justice.gov/dag/readingroom/dag-memo.08282008.pdf.

Fischel, D., Sykes, A. (1996). Corporate Crime. The Journal of Legal Studies, 2, 319–349.

Friedrichs, D. (2010). Trusted Criminals: White-Collar Crime in Contemporary Society. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Garret, B. (2015). The Corporate Criminal as Scapegoat. Virginia Law Review, 7, 1789–1853.

Gordon, G. (1996). Definition in White-Collar Crime Scholarship: Sometimes it Can Matter. W: J. Helmkamp, R. Ball, K. Townsend (red.). Proceedings of the Academic Workshop: Definitional Dilemma: Can and Should there be a Universal Definition of White Collar Crime? (ss. 161–172). Pobrane z: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/166244NCJRS.pdf.

Greaves, C. (2018). DOJ Stresses Individual Accountability in New “Yates Memo”. American Bar Association. Pobrane z: https://www.americanbar.org/groups/health_law/publications/aba_health_esource/2015-2016/october/yatesmemo/.

Green, S. (2004). The Concept of White Collar Crime in Law and Legal Theory. Buffalo Criminal Law Review, 8(1), 101–134.

Greve, H., Palmer, D., Pozner, J. (2010). Organizations Gone Wild: The Causes, Processes, and Consequences of Organizational Misconduct. The Academy of Management Annals, 4, 53–107.

Hamadani, A., Klement, A. (2008). Corporate Crime and Detterence. Stanford Law Review, 2, 271–310.

Hartley, R. (2008). Corporate Crime: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.

Healy, P., Serafin, G. (2016). Who Pays for White-Collar Crime?. Boston:Harvard Business School Working Papers.

Holder, E. (1999). Memorandum from Eric H. Holder, Jr., Deputy Attorney Gen., to All Component Heads and U.S. Attorneys, Bringing Criminal Charges Against Corporations. Pobrane z: http://www.justice.gov/criminal/fraud/documents/reports/1999/charging corps.PDF.

Husted, Ch. (2008). Systematic Differentiation Between Dark and Light Leaders: Is a Corporate Criminal Profile Possible?. Minneapolis: Capella University.

International Monetary Fund. (2019). World Economic Outlook. Pobrane z: https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/WEO/Issues/2019/01/11/weo-update-january-2019.

Khanna, V. (2004). Corporate Crime Legislation: A Political Economy Analysis. Washington University Law Review, 82, 95–141.

Legget, Ch. (1999). The Ford Pinto Case: The Valuation of Life As it Applies to the Negligence-efficiency Argument. Pobrane z: http://users.wfu.edu/palmitar/Law%26Valuation/Papers/1999/Leggett-pinto.html.

Linstead, S., Marechal, G., Griffin, R. (2014). Theorizing and Researching the Dark Side of Organization. Organization Studies, 35, 16–188.

McNulty, P. (2006). Memorandum from Paul J. McNulty, Deputy Attorney Gen., to Heads of Department Components and U.S. Attorneys, Principles of Federal Prosecution of Business Organizations. Pobrane z: http://www.justice.gov/dag/speeches/2006/mcnulty_ memo.pdf.

PwC. (2019). Global Economic Crime and Fraud Survey. Pobrane z: https://www.pwc.com/us/en/services/forensics/library/global-economic-fraud-survey.html.

Rosińska, M. (2007). Przemiany w gospodarce światowej z perspektywy przedsiębiorstwa- fazy rozwoju kapitalizmu i ich konsekwencje dla podmiotów gospodarczych. W: Unia Europejska w gospodarce światowej (ss. 331–342). Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.

Schrager, L., Short, J. (1978). Toward a Sociology of Organizational Crime. Social Problems, 25, 407–419.

Smith, A. (1904). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Pobrane z: https://www.ibiblio.org/ml/libri/s/SmithA_WealthNations_p.pdf.

Smith, B. (2010). Corporations Are People Too. Pobrane z: https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=112711410&t=1554025982873.

Sutherland, E. (1940). White Collar-Criminality. American Sociological Review, 5(1), 1–12.

Sutherland, E. (1949). White Collar Crime. New York: Dryden Press.

Syracuse University Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse. (2020). White Collar Prosecutions Fall to Lowest in 20 Years. Pobrane z: https://trac.syr.edu/tracreports/crim/514/.

Thompson, L. (2003). Memorandum from Larry D. Thompson, Deputy Attorney Gen., to Heads of Department Components and U.S. Attorneys, Principles of Federal Prosecutions of Business Organizations. Pobrane z: http://www.justice.gov/dag'cftf/corporate_ guidelines.html.

United States Attorneys. (2017). United States Attorneys’ Annual Statistical Report for Fiscal Year 2017. Pobrane z: https://www.justice.gov/usao/resources/annual-statistical-reports.

United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. (1989). White Collar Crime: A Report to the Public, 3.

United States Department of Justice. (2012). Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. LayPersons Guide. Pobrane z: www.justice.gov/criminal/fraud/fcpa/docs/lay-persons-guide.pdf.

United States Sentencing Commission. (2017). Sourcebook of Federal Sentencing Statistics. Pobrane z: https://www.ussc.gov/research/sourcebook-2017.

Van Erp, J. (2018). The Organization of Corporate Crime: Introduction to Special Issue of Administrative Sciences. Administrative Sciences, 8, 1–12.

Wheeler, S., Kahan, D. (2002). White-Collar Crime: History of an Idea. W: J. Dressler (red.). Encyclopedia of Crime & Justice. New York: Macmillan.

Wray, Ch., Hur, R. (2006). Corporate Criminal in a Post-Enron World: The Thompson Memo in Theory and Practice. American Criminal Law Review, 43, 1095–1188.

Yates, S. (2015). Memorandum from Sally Yates, Deputy Attorney Gen., to Heads of Department Components and U.S. Attorneys, Individual Accountability for Corporate Wrongdoing. Pobrane z: https://www.justice.gov/archives/dag/file/769036/download.








ISSN: 1899-5160
eISSN: 2391-7652

Partnerzy platformy czasopism