Wojna i pamięć. Pierwsza wojna światowa i jej upamiętnianie przez Amerykanów

Halina Parafianowicz

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/DN.2017.2.09

Abstrakt


Celem artykułu jest pokazanie stosunku Amerykanów do I wojny światowej i rytuałów oraz sposobów upamiętniania poległych żołnierzy. Dużą rolę w kreowaniu pamięci zbiorowej o Great War odegrali wojskowi i weterani, m.in. poprzez utrwalenie żołnierskiej narracji o wojnie (soldier’s story), rytuały podczas dorocznych uroczystości (Memorial Day i Veterans Day), jak również ceremonie w trakcie ponownych pochówków sprowadzanych z Europy tysięcy towarzyszy broni.

 

The purpose of the article is to present the attitude of Americans towards the First World War, and the rituals and ways to commemorate the soldiers fallen in the Great War. An important role in the creation of collective memory about the Great War was played by soldiers and veterans, among others through the preservation of soldier’s story, rituals during the annual celebrations of the Memorial Day and Veterans Day, and also the ceremonies of reburials of thousands of soldiers’ bodies repatriated from Europe.


Słowa kluczowe


I wojna światowa; USA; pamięć; weterani; pomniki

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Bibliografia


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