SHUTTING DOWN OF THE QUANTITATIVE EASING PROGRAMME BY EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK AS A THREAT TO THE MARKET COST OF CAPITAL AMONG LESS CREDIBLE EU MEMBER STATES
Keywordscentral bank, monetary policy, quantitative easing, balance sheet, market cost of capital, economic prospects
The ongoing process of shutting down the QE programme by ECB and possible reduction of its balance sheet might result in rapid corrections in the capital cost and the occurrence of the sudden stop phenomenon in the case of countries that are less credible and strongly depending on external sources of financing, thus more sensitive and less resistant towards external shocks, i.e. in countries which are the greatest beneficiaries of risk underestimation in the case of unprecedented increase in global liquidity made by major central banks after the crisis of 2008. This threat is essentially related to Poland as, apart from strong dependence from external capital which is necessary to finance the process of developmental catch-up and rolling over of the dynamically growing both public and private debt, which is additionally increased by lack of membership in the Eurozone; this is reflected in lower ratings or market cost of capital which suppress developmental possibilities of Polish economy and contribute to faster debt accumulation.
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