RATIONALISTIC DIRECTION IN ANGLO-AMERICAN HISTORIOGRAPHY: BASIC APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF GERMAN QUESTION IN POSTWAR DECADE
KeywordsAnglo-American historiography, rationalistism, post-revisionism, German question, Cold War, postwar decade
AbstractThis article establishes the prerequisites and conditions for the formation of the rationalistic approach in Anglo-American historiography in the postwar period. The main aspects of the German problem, which became the subject of research in Anglo-American historiography, are identified, and the characteristic features and patterns of analysis of the the German problem in the works of rationalist historians are revealed. The aim of this article is to present a comprehensive analysis of the approaches of British and American rationalist historians to the study of the German question in the postwar decade. The research methodology includes principles of historicism and objectivity, as well as retrospective, geopolitical and axiological approaches. In conducting the study, logical (analysis and synthesis of the material) and special historical (historical-genetic, historical-comparative, historical-systemic) research methods were used. The results and conclusions of this article can be used in further study of the main trends in the development of historical science in the UK and the USA in the postwar period, as well as in analyzing the German problem in the system of international relations in the second half of the twentieth century.
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