THE EFFECTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR, AND JOB SATISFACTION ON EMPLOYEE ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT
Keywordsorganizational culture, leadership behavior, job satisfaction, organizational commitment
The objective of this research is to study the effects of organizational culture, leadership behavior and job satisfaction on organizational commitment at the Technical Implementation Unit of Education Office in Tangerang Regency. This research used the quantitative approach with survey method. The samples of this research were 121 employees selected randomly. The data were obtained by distributing questionnaires and analyzed by using descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling (SEM) in inferential statistics. The results of the research show that: (1) organizational culture had a direct effect on employee job satisfaction, (2) organizational culture had a direct effect on employee organizational commitment, (3) leadership behavior had a direct effect on employee job satisfaction, (4) leadership behavior had a direct effect on employee organizational commitment, and (5) job satisfaction had a direct effect on employee organizational commitment. Therefore, to improve employee organizational commitment, organizational culture, leadership behavior and job satisfaction should be improved.
Azwar, S. (2000), Sikap Manusia dan Pengukurannya (Human Attitudes and Their Measurements). Pustaka Pelajar Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta.
Azwar, S. (2003), Reliabilitas dan Validitas (Reliability and Validity). Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta.
Canessa, E., Rick, L.R. (2003), “The Effect of Organizational Communication Media on Organizational Culture and Performance: An Agent-Based Simulation Model”, Computational & Mathematical Organizational Theory, Vol. 9 No. 2, pp. 147-176.
Colquitt, J.A., LePine, J.A., Wesson, M.J. (2009), Organizational Behavior: Improving Performance and Commitment in the Workplace. McGraw-Hill, New York.
Greenberg, J., Baron, R.A. (2008), Behavior in Organizations: Understanding and Managing the Human Side of War, Prentice Hall International, New Jersey.
Ingersoll, D.K., Kirsch, J.C., Merk, S.E., Lightfoot, J. (2000), “Relationship of Organizational Culture and Readiness for Change to Employee Commitment to Organization”, Journal of Nursing Administration, Vol. 30 No. 1, pp. 11-20. DOI: 10.1023/B:CMOT.0000022753.91962.99
Menaker, R., Bahn, R.S. (2008), “How perceived physician leadership behavior affects physician satisfaction”, Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Vol. 83 No. 9, p. 983.
Nelson, D.L., Quick, J.C. (2006), Organizational Behavior: Foundations, Realities & Challenges, South-Western , Ohio.
Newstrom, J.W. (2007), Organization Behavior: Human Behavior at Work, McGraw Hill, Boston.
Noe, R.A., Hollenbeck, J.R., Gerhart, B.A., Wright, P.M. (2006), Human Resource Management. McGraw-Hill Irwin, Boston.
Rad, A.M.M., Yarmohammadian, M.H. (2006), “A study of relationship between managers’ leadership style and employees’ job satisfaction”, Leadership in Health Services, Vol. 19 No. 2.
Robbins, S.P., Judge, T. (2009), Organizational Behavior, Pearson Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Robbins, S.P. (2006), Perilaku Organisasi (Organizational Behaviors), Jakarta.
Schein, E.H. (2004), Organizational Culture and Leadership, Jossey-Bass, San Fransisco.
Silverthorne, C. (2004), “The impact of organizational culture and person-organization fit on organizational commitment and job satisfaction in Taiwan”, Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 25 No. 7/8.
Slattery, J.P., Selvarajan, T.T.R. (2005), “Antecendents to Temporary Employee’s Turnover Intention”, paper presented for the Organizational Behavior and Organizational Theory, 31 March 2005, Midwest Academy of Management Annual Meeting.
Sosa, J., Sagas, M. (2006), Assessment of organizational culture and job satisfaction in national collegiate athletic association academic administrators, A&M University-College Station, Texas.
Sutrisno, E. (2017), Manajemen sumber daya manusia, Prenadamedia Group, Jakarta.
Walumbwa, F.O., Orwa, B., Wang, P., Lawle, J.J. (2005), “Transformational leadership, organizational commitment, and job satisfaction: a comparative study of Kenyan and U.S. Financial Firms”, Human Resource Development Quarterly, Vol. 16, No. 2.
Wiwoho, R.H. (2004), Reframing: Kunci Hidup Bahagia 24 Jam Sehari (Reframing: The Key to a Happy Life 24 Hours a Day), Gramedia, Jakarta.
Zachary, W.B., Kuzuhara, L.W. (2005), Organizational Behavior: Integrated Models and Applications, Thomson, Ohio.
Zhu, W., Chew, I.K.H., Spangler, W.D. (2005), “CEO Transformational Leadership and Organizational Outcomes: the Mediating Role of Human Capital Enhancing Human Resource Management”, The Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 16, p. 39-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.leaqua.2004.06.001
How to Cite
Articles submitted to the journal should not have been published before in their current or substantially similar form, or be under consideration for publication with another journal. Authors submitting articles for publication warrant that the work is not an infringement of any existing copyright and will indemnify the publisher against any breach of such warranty. For ease of dissemination and to ensure proper policing of use, papers and contributions become the legal copyright of the publisher unless otherwise agreed.
Plagiarism and ghostwriting
In response to the issue of plagiarism and ghostwriting the editors of the Journal of Positive Management has introduced the following rules to counteract these phenomena:
1. Contributors should be aware of their responsibility for a content of manuscripts.
2. Collective authors are obliged to reveal the contribution and an affiliation of each author (i.e. who is an author of specified part of a paper).
3. Any act of dishonesty will be denounced, the editors will inform appropriate institutions about the situation and give evidence of all cases of misconduct and unethical behaviour.
4. The editors may ask contributors for financial disclosure (i.e. contribution of specified institutions).
Number of views and downloads: 116
Number of citations: 0