Reakcja administracji Jimmy’ego Cartera na komunistyczny przewrót i wkroczenie wojsk sowieckich do Afganistanu
AbstraktThe Reaction of the Jimmy Carter Administration to the Communist Takeover and Soviet Army Intervention in Afghanistan
The article examines the actions taken by the administration of President Jimmy Carter in response to the Saur Revolution of April 1978 and the initial stage of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. It presents the contradictory positions of the presidential administration officials who had the greatest influence on the formulation of foreign and security policy of the United States during this period. First of all, highlighted the differing positions of Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, who advocated a moderate reaction to the events and focus on diplomatic solutions and National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski, who called for stricter policy towards the Soviet Union and the communist Afghan authorities. Presented circumstances which motivated President Jimmy Carter to rely on the suggestions of particular advisers in the decision–making process. The article presents political, economic and military decisions made by the American government against the Soviet Union and Afghanistan and examines their effectiveness and consequences.
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