German Question in 1945–1949: Research of the Problem in Anglo-American Historiography

Iryna Kaviaka

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/HiP.2018.016

Abstrakt


The article is devoted to the research of the main streams in Anglo-American historiography concerning German problem in 1945–1949. Two main directions in Anglo-American historical science are identified and characterized. Special attention is paid to the various approaches of historians to the reparation problem, pre-conditions of formation separate West German government, causes and consequences of the first Berlin crisis. In result differences in Great Powers’ German politics motives are defined, approaches to estimation of their responsibility for country division are stated, key stages of German question development in the period of 1945–1949 are analyzed.

Słowa kluczowe


the German question, the zonal division, the reparation problem, the first Berlin crisis, Anglo-American historiography, “containment” school, conservative approach, rationalistic direction, liberal approach

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