Towards a Critical Philosphy of Science

Richard F. Kitchener

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/ths.1991.002

Abstract


Up until fairly recently, and still continuing in many quarters, the received view about the philosophy of science was one rooted in the Vienna Circle/Logical Positivism/Logical Empiricism  . In fact, it is something of a commonplace to point out that logical positivism both established the philosophy of science as a professional specialty (with its own disciplinary identity) and in so doing left an indelible philosophical mark upon it. Indeed, as Suppes points out , although logical positivism was widely rejected as a general epistemology, many continued to see it as adaquate philosophy of science. Logical positivism may have died as a general epistemological or philosophical movement, therefore, but it was merely transformed into philosophy of science.

Keywords


science; philosphy

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References


Some positions from the references:

Brodbeck M., The Nature and Function of the Philosophy of Science, [in:] Readings in the Philosophy of Science, H. Feigl & M. Brodbeck, eds. (New York: Appleton-Century Crofts, 1953), p. 5.

Carnap R., The Elimination of Metaphysics through Logical Analysis of Language, [in:] Logical Positivism, A. J. Ayer, ed. (Glencoe, IL: Free Press, 1959), pp. 60—61. This article originally appeared in 1932.

Carnap R., The Logical Foundations of Probability, 2nd ed. (Chicago: Univer¬sity of Chicago Press, 1962), pp. 5—7.

Hempel C., (Aspects of Scientific Explanation, [in:] Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science [New York]: Free Press, 1965], pp. 412—415)

Kitchener R., Developmental Explanations, Review of Metaphysics, 36 (1983), pp. 791—818; Is Genetic Epistemology Possible?, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 38 (1987), pp. 238—299

Merton R., The Sociology of Science (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1973).

Niddith P.H., Introduction, [in:] The Philosophy of Science. P. H. Niddith, ed. (Oxford University Press, 1968), p. 5.

Piaget’s Theory of Knowledge: Genetic Epistemolo¬gy and Scientific Reason (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986).


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